This article is about the various sociolinguistic dialects of Bikol. For the standardized dialect of Bikol based on the
Geographic distribution of major Bikol languages and dialects across
; classification based on Lobel (2013)
Bikol languages are a group of Central Philippine languages spoken mostly on the Bicol Peninsula of the island of Luzon and also parts of Catanduanes and Burias Islands and Masbate province. There is a dialect continuum between the Visayan languages and the Bikol languages; the two together are called the Bisakol languages.
Internal classification [ edit ]
Ethnologue [ edit ]
The languages of Bikol grouped according to
McFarland (1974) [ edit ]
Curtis McFarland gives the following classification for the Bikol languages.
Lobel (2000) [ edit ]
While McFarland (1974) splits Bikol into 11 dialects, Lobel (2000) splits Bikol into 12 different dialects (including Partido Bikol, which McFarland does not differentiate) and 4 main branches.
Central Standard – Spoken primarily in Naga City. Also recognized (and sometimes understood) in Daet, Camarines Norte and many other areas of Camarines Sur; San Pascual, Masbate on Burias Island; Legazpi City and other cities along the eastern coast of Albay and northeastern Sorsogon.
Daet area variant
Naga City area variant Eastern Standard Bikol – Spoken in and around
Legazpi City and North Sorsogon
Partido – Spoken in the Camarines Sur municipalities of Ocampo, Goa, Tigaon, Lagonoy, Sagñay, and San Jose. This dialect has a mellow intonation and is heavily influenced by Riŋkonāda.
South Catanduanes – Spoken in the southern half of Catanduanes.
Virac area variant San Miguel variant (transitional to North Catanduanes)
– Spoken primarily in Riŋkonāda Iriga City, Baao; Bula; Balatan; Baao; and Nabua, Camarines Sur. Also in Ocampo, Buhi and Pili in Camarines Sur and in Polangui, Albay.
Lowland Riŋkonāda dialect (lacks /
ə/ vowel) Highland Riŋkonāda dialect (with /
Buhinon – Spoken in Buhi, Camarines Sur. Contains features from both Bikol of Polangui and Bikol of Iriga.
Libon – Spoken in Libon, Albay.
West Miraya – Spoken in Ligao City, Polangui, Oas, and Pio Duran, Albay.
East Miraya – Spoken in Guinobatan; Camalig; Daraga; Jovellar, Albay; Donsol and Pilar, Sorsogon.
Guinobatan) Far East (
Camalig, Daraga) Southeast (
Jovellar, Albay, Donsol, Pilar)
Central Sorsogon – Spoken in Sorsogon City; Castilla; Casiguran; and Juban, Sorsogon.
Castilla Sorsogon (mixed with Legazpi Bikol)
Casiguran- Juban variant
Southern Sorsogon also known as Gubat language – Spoken in Gubat; Barcelona; Bulusan; Santa Magdalena; Matnog; Irosin; and Bulan, Sorsogon.
– Spoken in Masbatenyo Masbate City; Mobo; Uson; Dimasalang; Palanas; Masbate; Aroroy on the island of Masbate, all of Ticao Island, and Claveria on the southern half of Burias Island.
Ticao Island variant
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bikol". . Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Glottolog
^ McFarland, Curtis D. The Dialects of the Bikol Area. Ph.D. dissertation. New Haven: Dept. of Linguistics, Yale University, 1974.
^ Lobel, Jason William, Tria, Wilmer Joseph S., and Carpio, Jose Maria Z. 2000. An satuyang tataramon / A Study of the Bikol Language. Naga City, Philippines: Lobel & Tria Partnership, Co.: Holy Rosary Minor Seminary.
General references [ edit ]
Lobel, Jason William; Tria, Wilmer Joseph S. and Carpio, Jose Maria Z. 2000.
An satuyang tataramon / A Study of the Bikol Language. Naga City, Philippines: Lobel & Tria Partnership, Co.: Holy Rosary Minor Seminary.
External links [ edit ]