Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh
|• Zonal Headquarters||Mandi|
|Elevation||673 m (2,208 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||HP 23,24|
Bilaspur was the capital of a state founded in the 7th century, and known as Kahlur after its earlier capital, or as Bilaspur after its later capital. The ruling dynasty were Chandela Rajputs, who claimed descent from the rulers of Chanderi in present-day Madhya Pradesh. The town of Bilaspur was founded in 1663. The state later became a princely state of British India, and was under the authority of the British province of Punjab.
On May 13, 1665, Guru Tegh Bahadur went to Bilaspur to attend the mourning for Raja Dip Chand of Bilaspur. The Dowager Rani Champa of Bilaspur offered to give the Guru a piece of land in her state. The Guru bought the site on payment of Rs 500 (Five Hundred Ruppees). The land consisted of the villages of Lodhipur, Mianpur and Sahota. Here on the mound of Makhowal, Guru Tegh Bahadur raised a new habitation. The ground was broken on June 19, 1665, by Baba Gurditta Randhawa. The new village was named after the Guru's mother, Nanaki. Chakk Nanaki later became famous as Anandpur Sahib.
In 1932 state was made part of the newly created Punjab States Agency, and in 1936 the Punjab Hill States Agency was separated from the Punjab States Agency. India became independent in 1947, and on October 12, 1948 the ruler, HH Raja Sir Anand Chand, acceded to the Government of India. Bilaspur became a separate state of India under a chief commissioner, and on July 1, 1954 Bilaspur state was made a district of Himachal Pradesh state by an act of the Indian Parliament. The historic town was submerged in 1954 when the Sutlej River was dammed to create the Govind Sagar, and a new town was built upslope of the old.
Most of the Rajputs in Bilaspur are chandias, that is they belong to different branches of the ruling family. These families are numerous, and all enjoyed jagir pensions from state amounting in aggregate to Rs. 40,000 a year in 1933. They are called 'the Mian families', and the chief names are: Ajmerchandia, Kaliyanchandia, Tarahandia and Sultanchandia.
Bilaspur is located at  It has an average elevation of 673 metres (2208 feet). It is hot in summer and cold in winters. It rains mostly in July to August ..
It lies near the reservoir of Govind Sagar on the Sutluj River. It is first major town after entering himachal on way to manali. CLIMATE: Winters ranges from October to March or mid April, having temperature around freezing point, fog is encountered along bank of satluj. Summers ranges from April to September, temperature can go upto 44 degree sometimes.
As of 2001[update] India census, Bilaspur had a population of 13058. Males constitute 56.25% of the population and females 43.75%. Bilaspur has an average literacy rate of 91%, higher than the national average of 74.04%.10.74% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- Gobind Sagar Lake
- Dholra Temple
- JamaMasjid Roura sector 3
- Bandla Hills
- Vyaas Gufait is believed that the legendary saint Vyas rishi of Mahabharta fame, meditated here. the sacred spot on the left bank of river Satluj is a place of pilgrimage. Legends link the origin of Vyaspur town with this cave.
The famous places in Bilaspur- (Maa Naina Devi Temple), (Nerasa Devi Temple), (Rukmani Kund), (Baba Basti Temple), (shahtalai Temple),
- History of the PUNJAB Hill States,Volume 2, J. Hutchinson and J.Ph. Vogel, P - 513, 1933, by Superintendent, Government Printing, Lahore, Punjab
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bilaspur
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.