Bilbrough

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Coordinates: 53°54′46″N 1°11′31″W / 53.912740°N 1.191900°W / 53.912740; -1.191900

Bilbrough
Bilbrough is located in North Yorkshire
Bilbrough
Bilbrough
 Bilbrough shown within North Yorkshire
OS grid reference SE531465
Civil parish Bilbrough
District Selby
Shire county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town YORK
Postcode district YO23
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Bilbrough /ˈbɪlbrʊ/ is a village and civil parish in the Selby district of North Yorkshire, England, six miles south-west of York, and just outside the York city boundary. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 319.

History[edit]

The name means, The fortress of the Bila, who were a tribe of the pre-Norman era, who were known to reside in the North of England.[1]

The village and the surrounding Parish has an area of 1,390 acres and was mostly the property of the Fairfax family from the 14th century onwards.Thomas Fairfax, parliamentary commander-in-chief during the English Civil War, is buried here in a tomb inside the Fairfax Chapel within the village church, beside his wife Anne, daughter of Lord Vere, Baron of Tilbury.[2] Other notable landowners of the Parish included Richard Basy, an MP for York in the late 13th century.[3]

Bilbrough Manor, built in 1902 for Guy Thomas Fairfax, is a Grade II listed building.[4] The original Manor House, now a farmhouse, was built in 1670 for Thomas Fairfax. It is known that the former MP and Lord Mayor of York, Admiral Robert Fairfax, resided at this Manor. It was destroyed by fire in 1832.[5]

In 1881 the population was 198.[5]

The village is the subject of a 17th-century poem, Upon the hill and grove at Bilbrough, written by English metaphysical poet and politician, Andrew Marvell.[6]

Parish church of St James, Bilbrough

Geography[edit]

The village is set amongst fields and farmland north of the A64 road on lateral moraine made of boulder clay and gravel, some 150m above sea level.[7] A flyover which affords access to the village was opened on 9 June 2005 by the then Roads Minister Dr Stephen Ladyman, replacing an earlier junction that was a known accident blackspot. Close to the flyover, at either side of the A64, there are small service stations, hotels and fast food restaurants.[8]

To the west of the village is Ingle Edge Hill with views to Marston Moor and Towton. Close by is an tumulus of an ancient chieftain that faces towards Leeds.[5]

The main street in Bilbrough is home to The Three Hares public house and a parish church which dates back to Norman times. The village hall offers community events.

Parish Council[edit]

The local Parish Council has seven available councillor posts and is within the Selby District Council ward of Appleton Roebuck.[9]

Religion[edit]

The present church is Norman in style and was built in 1876 by Thomas Fairfax upon the remains of the original. There was also a Wesleyian Chapel built in 1836.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Etymology". Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Fairfax-Bilbrough". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Peter R. Coss, Simon D. Lloyd (1986). Thirteenth Century England I: Proceedings of the Newcastle Upon Tyne Conference 1985. Boydell Press. p. 140. ISBN 0851154522. 
  4. ^ "Bilbrough Manor". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 855. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  6. ^ Alan Rudrum, Joseph Black, Holly Faith Nelson (2000). The Broadview Anthology of Seventeenth-Century Verse and Prose. Broadview Press, 2000. p. 840. ISBN 1551110539. 
  7. ^ "Bilbrough Village Informatoin". Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  8. ^ "New A64 flyover at Bilbrough Top". Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  9. ^ "Parish Council". Retrieved 12 October 2012.