Bilingual communes in Poland

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The bilingual status of gminas (communes) in Poland is regulated by the Act of 6 January 2005 on National and Ethnic Minorities and on the Regional Languages, which permits certain gminas with significant linguistic minorities to introduce a second, auxiliary language to be used in official contexts alongside Polish. So far 30 gminas have done this:


German language as the official-auxiliary language in 22 municipalities on Polish part of Silesia

Polish/German bilingual gminas (Gemeinden) in Opole Voivodeship (part of Silesia):

Other gminas in Opole Voivodeship and Silesian Voivodeship which are permitted by the Act to make German an auxiliary language are: Cisek, Krzanowice, Łubniany, Olesno, Pawłowiczki, Polska Cerekiew. (An outdated map can be found on the website of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration [1].)


Kashubian language in gminas.png

Polish/Kashubian bilingual gminas in Pomeranian Voivodeship:


Polish/Lithuanian bilingual gmina in Podlaskie Voivodeship:


Jezyk białoruski w gminach.png

Polish/Belarusian bilingual gmina in Podlaskie Voivodeship:

  • Hajnówka-urban gmina (Гайнаўка) on 3 December 2007
  • Gmina Czyże (Гміна Чыжы) on 8 February 2010
  • Gmina Hajnówka-rural gmina (Гміна Гайнаўка) on 28 May 2010
  • Gmina Narewka (Гміна Нараўка) on 16 September 2009
  • Gmina Orla (Гміна Орля) on 7 May 2009


Polish/Lemko bilingual names of localities in Małopolskie Voivodeship:


External links[edit]