|Member of Parliament
1 May 1997
|Preceded by||Constituency Created|
|Member of Parliament
3 May 1984 – 1 May 1997
|Preceded by||Hugh Fraser|
|Succeeded by||David Kidney|
10 May 1940 |
Finsbury, London, England
|Spouse(s)||Bridget Mary Lee|
|Alma mater||Stonyhurst College and Lincoln College, Oxford|
William Nigel Paul "Bill" Cash (born 10 May 1940) is a British Conservative politician and Member of Parliament for Stone. Cash is a prominent Eurosceptic in the House of Commons and is famous for leading the Maastricht Rebellion against John Major's government. Cash was the founder of the Maastricht Referendum Campaign in the early 1990s, and is now the Chair of the European Scrutiny Committee.
Cash was born in London to a political family, which included seven Liberal Members of Parliament, including John Bright. He grew up in Sheffield and was educated at Stonyhurst College in Lancashire before attending Lincoln College, Oxford where he took a BA in History. He qualified as a solicitor in 1967, and since 1979 has practised as a solicitor in his own account (i.e. he is not employed by a law firm or a member of a partnership).
Cash's father, Paul Trevor Cash, fought in World War II and was killed in Normandy during Operation Overlord: he was awarded the Military Cross for his actions during the campaign. Cash married Bridget Mary (née Lee) in 1965, and they have two sons and a daughter. One of his sons is the controversial journalist William Cash, who lives at Upton Cressett Hall, near Bridgnorth, Shropshire. Along with his wife Biddy, Cash restored Upton Cressett Hall in the 1970s. The Hall was subsequently voted the 'Best Hidden Gem' heritage destination in the UK at the 2011 Hudson's Heritage awards.
Cash entered Parliament in 1984, when he was elected as MP for Stafford at a by-election in May following the death of Sir Hugh Fraser. Since the 1997 election he has been MP for Stone, Staffordshire. Stone was a then newly (re-)created constituency, the previous version of which had been abolished in 1950, at which time it was, incidentally, also represented by Hugh Fraser, whom Cash thus succeeded a second time.
He has been chairman of various parliamentary committees. He was elected unopposed as Chairman of the European Scrutiny Committee on 8 September 2010., and has been a member of the Select Committee on European Legislation since 1985. Cash was elected chairman of the Conservative Backbench Committee on European Affairs (1989–91).
Cash is chairman of a number of All Party African committees, including those on Kenya and Uganda. He is also chairman of the All Party Committee on Malaysia. He has also served as Chairman on the All-Party Group for the Jubilee 2000 (1997–2000).
He is Chairman of the All Party Sanitation and Water Committee (Third World) in which he works closely with Wateraid and Tearfund. He introduced the Gender Equality (International Development) Bill, 2013.
Euroscepticism and the Maastricht Rebellion
Cash is known as a strong Eurosceptic: he was described by Kenneth Clarke as the most "Eurosceptic" Member of Parliament. In Robert Blake's book "The Conservative Party: from Peel to Major", Cash is described as the leader of the Eurosceptics during the Maastricht Rebellion and as being "indefatigable... a constitutional lawyer of great expertise".
The Maastricht Rebellion took place in the early 1990s, and reached its height in 1993. British Members of Parliament (MPs) belonging to the then governing Conservative Party refused to support the government of John Major in a series of votes in the House of Commons on the issue of the implementation of the Maastricht Treaty (Treaty on European Union) in British law.The Rebellion was a major event in the life of John Major's troubled second term as Prime Minister (1992–1997). Major's party had a small majority, thus giving the relatively small number of rebels disproportionate influence: for example, there were 22 rebels on the second reading of the European Communities (Amendment) Bill in May 1992, and the government's majority at the time was only 18.The rebellion (as Major later complained in his memoirs) had the support of the former Prime Minister Lady Thatcher and Lord Tebbit. Thatcher declared in a speech in the House of Lords that she "could never have signed that Treaty" and that it was "a recipe for national suicide".
In 1993 he founded and remains chairman of the eurosceptic European Foundation which was created during the Maastricht Rebellion, the funding for which he organised. During 1994–1995 Cash was member of the Tindemans group. He was Secretary of the European Reform Forum, and has been Vice-President of the Conservative Small Business Bureau.
After he became leader, fellow Maastricht rebel Iain Duncan Smith gave him the post of shadow Attorney General in 2001, and in 2003 was Shadow Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs, but he returned to the backbenches later that year after Duncan Smith was ousted as party leader.
In November 2011, he published a biography of John Bright, whom he described as "one of the greatest parliamentarians of all time", to coincide with the 200th anniversary of Bright's birth. The biography was received with critical acclaim: reviewer Andrew Roberts notes that Bright's legacy "was largely forgotten until this first-class, encapsulating biography". Amanda Foreman states that "Bill Cash not only breathes new life into Bright but delivers an entirely fresh view of both the man himself and his stance as the professional scourge of the upper classes... Bright's character receives[s its] full due in Cash's nuanced portrait".
In addition to his historical writing, Cash has also published a number of pamphlets and essays on Britain's relationship with the European Union, and the Eurosceptic movement. These include: It's the EU, Stupid (2011), The Challenge for the Conservative Party: The future for Britain and Europe (2004), Associated, Not Absorbed: The Associated European Area: a constructive alternative to a single European state (2000), Visions of Europe (Duckworth, 1993) and Against a Federal Europe: The Battle for Britain (Duckworth, 1991).
Cash was cleared on appeal in February 2010 by former High Court judge and President of the Court of Appeal, the Rt Hon Sir Paul Kennedy after it was reported on 28 May 2009, in the swirl of stories surrounding the 2009 Parliamentary Expenses scandal, that Cash had claimed £15,000 which he paid his daughter, Laetitia Cash, a prospective Conservative candidate, as rent for a Notting Hill flat, when he had a mortgaged flat of his own a few miles away, which his son Sam Cash was staying in rent-free. "It was only for a year, she was getting married, she wasn't there. My other flat wasn't round the corner, it was in Westminster. It was done through the rules," he said on Newsnight. The following day Cash announced that he had agreed to pay the money back. Cash rejected calls for his resignation and said he was hopeful of getting a fair hearing. David Cameron was said to have ordered Cash to co-operate or risk having the Conservative whip withdrawn.
Cash faced a no-confidence vote by secret ballot by his constituency party on 2 July 2009. He was, however, re-selected with the overwhelming support over 98% of the vote. Cash also received a personal letter of support from Conservative leader David Cameron before the meeting thanking Cash for "the tireless contribution you make to the work of Parliament. You have a long record of serving your constituents with commitment and integrity." Kennedy, in his letter to Cash regarding his appeal, wrote: "In my judgment there are special reasons why it would not be fair and equitable to require repayment of any money. They are that in 2004–05 you paid rent for accommodation. Such rent was recoverable under the Rules as they existed at the time unless there was some evidence of impropriety. There is no such evidence in your case."
References and publications
- Black, A & C, Who's Who, published annually in London.
- Cash, William, Against a Federal Europe - The Battle for Britain, London, 1991.
- Cash, William, Europe: the Crunch, London, 1992.
- Cash, Bill, "John Bright: Statesman, Orator, Agitator", IB Tauris, November 2011
- Bill Cash MP biography at the site of the Conservative Party
- ePolitix.com - Bill Cash
- Guardian Unlimited Politics - Ask Aristotle: Bill Cash MP
- TheyWorkForYou.com - William Cash MP
- The Public Whip - William Cash MP voting record
- BBC News profile (30 March 2006)
- billcashmp.co.uk Bill Cash's own website
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Bill Cash
||Constructs such as ibid., loc. cit. and idem are discouraged by Wikipedia's style guide for footnotes, as they are easily broken. Please improve this article by replacing them with named references (quick guide), or an abbreviated title. (September 2013)|
- Sky News 11 May 2010
- Website of the Law Society of England & Wales
- He was named chairman of the European Scrutiny Committee in 2010
- Peel, Robert "The Conservative Party: From Peel to Major" page 399
- Cash, Bill (18 November 2011). "We need John Bright's democratic message today". Guardian Northerner Blog. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
- Cash, Bill "John Bright: Statesman, Orator, Agitator" cover
- Ibid, cover
- Bill Cash speaking on Newsnight 28 May 2009
- Jagger, Suzy (30 May 2009). "Bill Cash will pay back £15,000 he claimed if asked for it". London: times online. Retrieved 2009-05-30.
- Staffordshire Newsletter, 3 July 2009
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Hugh Fraser
|Member of Parliament for Stafford
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Stone