June 12, 1912|
Bristol, QC, CAN
|Died||December 31, 1993
Ottawa, ON, CAN
|Height||5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)|
|Weight||165 lb (75 kg; 11 st 11 lb)|
|Played for||Boston Bruins
St. Louis Eagles
|Hall of Fame, 1968|
William Mailes "Cowboy" Cowley (June 12, 1912 in Bristol, Quebec – December 31, 1993 in Ottawa, Ontario) was a Canadian professional ice hockey centre who played 13 seasons in the National Hockey League for the St. Louis Eagles and Boston Bruins.
 Playing career
After a few seasons of senior league play in Ottawa and Halifax, Cowley broke in as a rookie with the St. Louis Eagles in 1934–35. After the season, the franchise was terminated and Art Ross, the general manager of the Bruins, selected him in the subsequent dispersal draft.
In Boston he would become a star, leading the league in assists in 1939 (despite missing twelve games with injuries), 1941 and 1943, and helping to lead the Bruins to two Stanley Cups in 1939 and 1941. While World War II ravaged the Bruins' powerful roster thereafter—Boston would not win another Cup during his career—Cowley was the team's sole remaining star. Frequently injured, he was on track to shatter the league record for scoring in 1944 when another injury ended his season two points short.
Cowley finished his career with 195 goals and 353 assists for 548 points in 549 NHL games. At the time of his retirement in 1947, he was the NHL's all-time leading point scorer, and the last active player from the St. Louis Eagles roster.
He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1968, as the sole inductee into the Players category that year. In 1998, he was ranked number 53 on The Hockey News' list of the 100 Greatest Hockey Players.
Returning to Ottawa after his coaching days, Cowley went into business, owning a hotel in Smiths Falls, Ontario and the Elmdale Tavern/Hotel in Ottawa. In 1967, he was a part-owner and founder of the Ottawa 67's junior ice hockey team. He passed on the Elmdale to his son John.
Cowley died on New Year's Eve, 1993 of a heart attack. He was survived by his wife Jessie (née Wilson), children Jill Fullerton, John, Jane Egan and Dan. He is buried in the hamlet of Norway Bay, Quebec, just south-east of his birthplace of Bristol, where he had a home and spent much of his retirement years.
 Awards and achievements
- Named to the NHL First All-Star Team in 1938, 1941, 1943 and 1944.
- Named to the NHL Second All-Star Team in 1945.
- Won the NHL scoring title in 1941.
- The only member of the Hall of Fame to begin his career with the St. Louis Eagles.
- Upon his retirement, Cowley was the last active player that had played for the Senators/Eagles franchise.
- The only NHL players who have scored more points per game in a season than Cowley's 1.97 in 1944 are Wayne Gretzky and Mario Lemieux.
- Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1968.
- Inducted into Ottawa Sports Hall of Fame.
 Career statistics
|1934–35||St. Louis Eagles||NHL||41||5||7||12||10||—||—||—||—||—|
- Ferguson, Bob (January 2, 1994). "Ex-Bruin Cowley dies at age 81". Ottawa Citizen. p. B1.
- "Hall of Famer Cowley Dies of Heart Attack". Toronto Star. January 3, 1994. p. E02.
- Bill Cowley's biography at Legends of Hockey
- Bill Cowley's career statistics at The Internet Hockey Database
|Winner of the Hart Trophy
|Winner of the Hart Trophy
|NHL Scoring Champion