Bill Cunningham (American photographer)
Bill Cunningham at New York Fashion Week 2011
|Born||William J. Cunningham
March 13, 1929
|Alma mater||Harvard University
|Employer||The New York Times|
|Known for||Fashion photography
Life and career
Born in Boston, Cunningham dropped out of Harvard University in 1948 and moved to New York City, where he initially worked in advertising. Not long after, he quit his job and struck out on his own, making hats under the name "William J." This business folded when he was drafted. After serving a tour in the U.S. Army, he returned to New York and started writing for the Chicago Tribune.
During his years as a writer he contributed significantly to fashion journalism, introducing American audiences to Azzedine Alaïa and Jean-Paul Gaultier. While working at the Tribune and at Women's Wear Daily he began taking photographs of fashion on the streets of New York. After taking a chance photograph of Greta Garbo, he published a group of impromptu pictures in the Times in December 1978, which soon became a regular series. His editor, Arthur Gelb, has called these photographs "a turning point for the Times, because it was the first time the paper had run pictures of well-known people without getting their permission."
Cunningham photographs people and the passing scene in the streets of Manhattan every day, focusing on their genuine usage of clothing to express personal style. He is known not to overly photograph celebrities (like a paparazzo would) or people that use fame to showcase clothing they didn't originally pick themselves (sponsored, free clothing). Most of his pictures, he has said, are never published. His personal independence philosophy was cited by CNN: "You see if you don’t take money, they can’t tell you what to do, kid." Designer Oscar de la Renta has said, "More than anyone else in the city, he has the whole visual history of the last 40 or 50 years of New York. It's the total scope of fashion in the life of New York." He has made a career taking unexpected photographs of everyday people, socialites and fashion personalities, many of whom value his company. According to David Rockefeller, Brooke Astor asked that Cunningham attend her 100th birthday party, the only member of the media invited.
In 2010, filmmaker Richard Press and Philip Gefter of The Times produced Bill Cunningham New York, a documentary about Cunningham. The film was released on March 16, 2011. It shows Cunningham traveling through Manhattan by bicycle and living in a tiny apartment in the Carnegie Hall building. The apartment has no closet, kitchen, or private bathroom, and is filled with filing cabinets and boxes of his photographs. The documentary also details his philosophy on fashion, art, and photography, as well as observes his interactions with his subjects while taking photos.
- Cunningham, Bill (October 27, 2002). "Bill on Bill". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- "Luther and Cunningham Honored by France". Women's Wear Daily. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- Horyn, Cathy (October 27, 2002). "The Picture Subject Talks Back". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- "Bill Cunningham". CNNMONEY TECH. 7 February 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- Bill Cunningham New York at the Internet Movie Database
- BBC Two: The Culture Show, episode 25 of the 2011/12 series
- Collins, Lauren (16 March 2009). "Man on the Street: Bill Cunningham Takes Manhattan". The New Yorker: 50. OCLC 423290672. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bill Cunningham.|
- On the Street, Cunningham's weekly slideshow for the Times online
- "Capturing the Elusive Bill Cunningham", The New York Times story about Bill Cunningham New York
- The movie "Bill Cunningham New York"