Elgart was born in Chelsea, Massachusetts. He studied at the Berklee College of Music and was a student of Alan Dawson. In the 1960s he played with Carla Bley, Paul Bley, Marion Brown, Sam Rivers, Lowell Davidson, Mark Levinson, Roswell Rudd, John Tchicai, Jack Walrath and Glenn Ferris. In 1968 he made his recording debut on Mr. Joy, with Paul Bley and Gary Peacock.
He moved to Europe in 1976, settling first in Salzburg, Austria and later in Ulm, Germany. He has played with Karl Berger, Dave Holland, Ed Schuller, and Wayne Darling over the course of the 1980s and 1990s. He was a member of the group Zollsound 4 with Carlo Mombelli, Lee Konitz, and Thomas Zoller. He played in the Sundial Trio with Peter O'Mara from 1982 to 1990. In 1991 he worked with Caoma alongside Ed Schuller, Sigi Finkel, and Tomasz Stanko. Stanko and Elgart also played with Vlatko Kucan in the 1990s. Elgart worked on the Annemarie Roelofs Projekt, alongside Berger, Frank Möbus, Vitold Rek, and Ingrid Sertso.
He has worked as a sideman on recordings by Leszek Zadlo, Manfred Bründl, Kenny Wheeler, Carlo Mombelli, Charlie Mariano, Arrigo Cappelletti, Franco D'Andrea, Wolfgang Lackerschmidt, Claudio Fasoli, Sigi Finkel and Paolino Dalla Porta, and worked with Tim Berne, Barre Phillips, Eddie Gomez, Conny Bauer, Sheila Jordan, David Friedman[disambiguation needed] and Matthias Schubert.
- SunDial, 1985
- Illiad, 1986
- O'Mara-Darling-Elgart, 1987
- The Fool School with Eric Watson and John Lindberg, 1992
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With Paul Bley
- Paul Bley with Gary Peacock (ECM, 1970)
With Kenny Wheeler
- Flutter By, Butterfly (Soul Note, 1987)