William Homer "Bill" Genaust (1907 – March 4, 1945) was a United States Marine Corps sergeant who served as a war photographer in World War II, first in the battle of Saipan, then the battle of Iwo Jima, where he was killed in action. He is most known for photographing the second American Flag Raising on top of Mount Suribachi (Iwo Jima) in color, using a 16 millimeter motion picture camera.
World War II
February 23, 1945: Sgt. Genaust and Pfc. Bob Campbell, a Marine still photographer, both assigned to E Company, 2nd Battalion, 28th Marine Regiment, 5th Marine Division, and AP photographer Joe Rosenthal, were on the top of Mount Suribachi after a small American flag attached to a pipe was planted securely on the mountaintop about 10:30 a.m. Around noon, the smaller American flag was replaced by a larger American flag on a heavier and longer pipe that was visible from any point on the island. Genaust with a motion picture camera stood near Rosenthal as the larger flag and pipe was hoisted by five Marines from E Company, 2nd platoon and a corpsman from 3rd platoon, simultaneous with the lowering of the smaller flag and flag pipe.
Genaust's film briefly captures the infantrymen getting in place to raise the larger flag, the raising and securing of the larger flag, and a group shot of members of the 2nd and 3rd platoons of E Company posing under the larger flag. Similar still photographs were taken by Rosenthal and Pfc. Campbell during this action.
Genaust's film also captures other Marines, one of whom gazes up at the larger flag. These Marines are not visible in Rosenthal's famous photograph.
March 4, 1945: Sgt. Genaust was killed by enemy small arms fire after he entered a darkened cave on Hill 362A located on the northwest corner of Iwo Jima. He had volunteered to use his flashlight or camera light in the cave and was killed supposedly with another unknown Marine. The cave mouth was covered over by bulldozing equipment, and despite renewed search efforts in 2007, his body has never been recovered.
Genaust received the following military awards and decorations:
|Bronze Star Medal with Combat "V"
|Purple Heart Medal with one 5⁄16 gold star
(Saipan & Iwo Jima)
|Combat Action Ribbon|
|Presidential Unit Citation
|American Campaign Medal|
|Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two 3⁄16 bronze starss
(Saipan & Iwo Jima)
|World War II Victory Medal|
Sergeant Genaust Award
The Sergeant William Genaust Award is presented each year by the Marine Corps Heritage Foundation, one of a series of awards to both Marines and civilian community members recognizing their work in advancing and preserving Marine Corps history. It is given for a documentary and short subject (15 minutes or less) dealing creatively with U.S. Marine Corps heritage or Marine Corps life.
- Albee, Parker Bishop, Jr. (1995). Shadow of Suribachi: Raising the Flags on Iwo Jima. Praeger Publishers. pp. 48, 58. ISBN 0-275-95063-8.
- Albee, Parker Bishop, Jr. (1995). Shadow of Suribachi: Raising the Flags on Iwo Jima. Praeger Publishers. pp. 61–65. ISBN 0-275-95063-8.
- Albee, Parker Bishop, Jr. (1995). Shadow of Suribachi: Raising the Flags on Iwo Jima. Praeger Publishers. p. 70. ISBN 0-275-95063-8.
- "Team Find Two Possible Sites in Search for Remains of Marine From Iwo Jima Flag-Raising". Fox News. June 27, 2007. Retrieved 2008-12-24.
- Combat Action Ribbon (1969): Retroactive from December 7, 1941: Public Law 106-65, October 5, 1999, 113 STAT 508, Sec. 564
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bill Genaust.|
- Chlosta, SSgt Matthew, U.S. Army (July 6, 2007). "JPAC investigation team returns from Iwo Jima (re: William Genaust)". Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (JPAC).