Bill Graber

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This article is about the American pole vaulter. For the founder of the Lez Get Real website, see Lez Get Real.

William Noe "Bill" Graber (January 21, 1911 – March 8, 1996) was an American pole vaulter. He broke the pole vault world record in 1932 and competed in the Olympic Games in both 1932 and 1936.

Athletic career[edit]

Graber studied at the University of Southern California (USC), where he was coached by Dean Cromwell.[1] As a sophomore in 1931 Graber won the pole vault at the IC4A championships[2] and tied for first at the NCAA championships,[3] helping the USC Trojans to team titles in both meets.[1][4] At the IC4A meet in Philadelphia men's pole vault was the last event and Graber's meeting record of 14 ft 12 in (4.28 m) secured the Trojans a narrow victory over Stanford University.[5] Graber was only the fifth athlete in the world to jump 14 feet or more in a competition, and the only one to do so that year.[6] Graber's NCAA jump of 13 ft 10 516 in (4.22 m) was also a meeting record; the Trojans won that team title by a much more comfortable margin, scoring a record 77 17 points and beating Ohio State by 46 points.[4]

Graber repeated as IC4A champion 1932, although this time he only tied for first.[2] He was unable to defend his NCAA title as the Trojans didn't compete in that meet.[3] The American team for the Olympics in Los Angeles was selected at the Olympic Trials in Palo Alto, with the top three qualifying. Both Graber and Stanford's Bill Miller cleared 14 ft 1 58 in (4.31 m), a fraction of an inch better than Lee Barnes's world record of 14 ft 1 12 in (4.30 m).[7] Graber then cleared 14 ft 4 38 in (4.37 m) to obliterate the record; he stated afterwards it was the first time that year he had been able to follow one good vault with another.[7] The record established Graber as the leading favorite for the Olympics,[8][9] but he underperformed and only jumped 13 ft 7 14 in (4.15 m), placing fourth behind Miller, Japan's Shuhei Nishida and the other American entrant, George Jefferson.[10][11]

Graber won his third IC4A title in 1933 in a five-way tie for first place.[2][12] He also tied for first place at the NCAA meet, jumping 13 ft 11 16 in (4.24 m)[13] to break his own meeting record.[3] In 1934 he was national champion indoors[14] and tied for the title outdoors.[15] He almost broke his own world record in April 1935 at Santa Barbara, clearing a bar supposedly at 14 ft 5 58 in (4.41 m), but it was subsequently found that the take-off point had been two inches (5 cm) higher than the point of measurement and the record could not be ratified.[16]

Entering the Olympic year of 1936, Graber was considered a leading candidate for his second Olympic Games.[17] At the Olympic Trials at Randalls Island in New York City he cleared 14 ft 3 in (4.34 m), tying for first place with Bill Sefton and Earle Meadows.[18] Meadows and Sefton both being USC undergraduates, it was the first time in the history of the Trials that one university had claimed the top three.[18] George Varoff, who had been the favorite after breaking the world record the previous week, only cleared 14 ft (4.26 m) and didn't qualify for the team.[19]

Graber was again a leading Olympic favorite,[20] but again he failed to medal; at the Olympics he only managed 13 ft 7 14 in (4.15 m) and placed 5th.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kirksey, George (June 3, 1931). "Trojans Didn't Win On Climate, Says Cromwell". Berkeley Daily Gazette. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Squire, Jesse. "IC4A CHAMPIONSHIPS (1876-1942)". Athletics Weekly. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Hill, E. Garry. "All-Time NCAA Men’s Results/POLE VAULT" (pdf). Track & Field News. 
  4. ^ a b Dunkley, Charles (June 7, 1931). "TWO MARKS FALL AS TROJANS WIN". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Trojans Win AAAA Meet; Records Fall". The Milwaukee Sentinel. May 31, 1931. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  6. ^ Dumas, Gerard. "14-FOOT ERA (4.26,7m)". Pole Vault Canada. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Hymans, Richard. "The History of the United States Olympic Trials - Track & Field" (PDF). Track & Field News. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  8. ^ Gould, Alan (July 27, 1932). "U.S. NEARLY SURE TO WIN HIGH JUMP AND POLE VAULT". The Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  9. ^ Jukola, Martti (1935). Huippu-urheilun historia (in Finnish). Werner Söderström Osakeyhtiö. 
  10. ^ "U.S. STARS PILE UP SEVEN FIRST PLACES". The Palm Beach Post. August 4, 1932. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Bill Graber Bio, Stats and Results". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  12. ^ "West Coast Schools Hog Competition in College Track Meet". San Antonio Express. May 28, 1933. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  13. ^ Pinkley, Virgil (July 21, 1934). "Sport Chatter Up and Down Coast". Berkeley Daily Gazette. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  14. ^ "USA Indoor Track & Field Champions". USA Track & Field. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  15. ^ Mallon, Bill; Buchanan, Ian; Track & Field News. "A History Of The Results Of The National Track & Field Championships Of The USA From 1876 Through 2011". Track & Field News. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Brown, Graber to Settle Pole Vault Feud June 15". Reading Eagle. June 3, 1935. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Bill Graber Should Set New Record In Olympic Vault". The Deseret News. April 1, 1936. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  18. ^ a b Hymans, Richard. "The History of the United States Olympic Trials - Track & Field" (PDF). USA Track & Field; Track & Field News. Retrieved March 27, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Startling Array of Great Stars". The Evening Independent. July 13, 1936. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  20. ^ "BERLIN GAMES YET TO PRODUCE ONE SURPRISE". The Reading Eagle. August 5, 1936. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Norway Charles Hoff (professional)
United States Lee Barnes (amateur)
Men's Pole Vault World Record Holder
July 16, 1932 – June 1, 1935
Succeeded by
United States Keith Brown