Bill Kreutzmann, ca. 1975
|Birth name||William Kreutzmann, Jr.|
May 7, 1946 |
Palo Alto, California, U.S.
|Origin||San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|Genres||Rock, psychedelic rock, folk rock|
|Instruments||Drum kit, djembe, percussion|
|Associated acts||Grateful Dead, Backbone, The Other Ones, The Dead, SerialPod, Rhythm Devils, BK3, 7 Walkers|
William "Bill" Kreutzmann, Jr. (KROYTZ-mahn; born May 7, 1946) is an American drummer who played with the rock band the Grateful Dead for their entire thirty-year career. He also plays with his own bands BK3 and 7 Walkers, which features guitarist Papa Mali.
Life and career
Kreutzmann was born in Palo Alto, California, the son of Janice Beryl (née Shaughnessy) and William Kreutzmann, Sr. His maternal grandfather was football coach and innovator Clark Shaughnessy. He is of part German descent. Kreutzmann started playing drums at the age of 13. As a teenager, he met Aldous Huxley at his high school, who encouraged him in his drumming despite having been told by his sixth grade music teacher that he could not keep a beat.
At the end of 1964 he co-founded the band The Warlocks, along with Phil Lesh, Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir, and Ron "Pigpen" McKernan. Their first real gig was May 5, 1965, two days before Kreutzmann's nineteenth birthday. During the band's early days, Kreutzmann sometimes used a fake draft card with the name "Bill Sommers" to be admitted to bars where the band was playing, since he was underage. In November 1965, the Warlocks became the Grateful Dead.
Meeting fellow percussionist Mickey Hart in the fall of 1967 would have a big impact on Kreutzmann's career. Hart soon joined the Dead, making it one of the first (and few) rock bands to feature two drummers. The two percussionists' remarkable cohesion, synchronicity, and driving power became a hallmark of the Grateful Dead sound, and earned them the nickname "the Rhythm Devils". Their lengthy drum duets were a feature of nearly every show from 1978–1995, and are documented in a number of recordings by the band.
Kreutzmann remained with the Grateful Dead until its dissolution following the passing of Garcia in 1995, making him one of four members to play at every one of the band's 2,300 shows, along with Garcia, Weir and Lesh.
Post-Grateful Dead music
In 1998, former Grateful Dead members Bob Weir, Phil Lesh, and Mickey Hart formed a band called The Other Ones, which played a number of shows as part of the Furthur Festival. The band did not play live in 1999. Then, in 2000, Kreutzmann joined The Other Ones. The band, with Kreutzmann, toured in 2000 and 2002. In 2003, they changed their name to The Dead. The Dead played a number of live concerts in 2003, 2004 and 2009.
Kreutzmann collaborated with Journey guitarist Neal Schon, Sy Klopps, Ira Walker, and Ralph Woodson to form the Trichromes in 2002. They released an EP, Dice with the Universe, and an album, Trichromes.
On December 17, 2005, Kreutzmann participated in the 17th Annual Warren Haynes Christmas Jam as the drummer for SerialPod, a group which also included Phish members Trey Anastasio and Mike Gordon.
During 2006, Kreutzmann teamed up with fellow Grateful Dead drummer Mickey Hart, Phish bassist Mike Gordon, and former The Other Ones guitarist Steve Kimock to form the Rhythm Devils. The band features songs from their respective former bands as well as new songs written by Jerry Garcia's songwriting companion Robert Hunter. The Rhythm Devils played their first tour in 2006, which ended at the popular Vegoose festival in Las Vegas, Nevada over the Halloween weekend. In 2008 they released a DVD called The Rhythm Devils Concert Experience.
In 2008, Bill Kreutzmann toured the eastern United States with bassist Oteil Burbridge of the Allman Brothers Band and guitarist Scott Murawski of Max Creek as BK3. In 2009 Oteil Burbridge was replaced by James Hutchinson. In February 2010 the trio played several concerts, with Burbridge again assuming the bassist role.
On August 2, 2009, Kreutzmann played with Phish during most of the 2nd set at Red Rocks Amphitheatre.
In 2010, Kreutzmann formed a new band, called 7 Walkers, with guitarist Papa Mali, multi-instrumentalist Matt Hubbard, and bassist Reed Mathis. They toured the southern U.S. in the spring of 2010, with George Porter, Jr. playing bass while Mathis toured with Tea Leaf Green. 7 Walkers has recorded a studio album which was released on November 2, 2010.
Kreutzmann is sometimes the guest drummer with the David Nelson Band when they tour Hawaii. This band includes David Nelson of the "New Riders Of The Purple Sage", Pete Sears of Jefferson Starship, Barry Sless and Mookie Siegel. In late January 2012, he played several shows with this band on Maui and then on the Big Island of Hawaii, where they played at the Akebono Theater on February 3, the Lighthouse Deli in Hawi on the 4th and at the Kona Historical Society in Kealakekua on the 5th.
In 1995, Kreutzmann produced a video called Ocean Spirit. The video is a documentary about the ocean ecosystem, and has a strong environmental message.
Kreutzmann also does work as a visual artist and, in 2001, began releasing limited edition reproductions of his digital artwork. His work can be found at Walnut Street Gallery.
Kreutzmann's son Justin is a film and video director. He directed Backstage Pass, a 35 minute Grateful Dead music documentary video that was released in 1992, and Dead Ringers: The Making of Touch of Grey, a 30 minute documentary released in 1987. In 2001 Justin assisted in the early stages of An Ox's Tale, a documentary about the late John Entwistle, bassist for The Who. Currently he maintains a blog called "Rock and Reel", which covers rock history and his current projects. Already having worked on numerous projects with Pete Townshend, he is the chief cameraman for Townshend's partner Rachel Fuller. Justin's most recent works are Rock 'n' Roll Band, a concert film of the music group Tea Leaf Green, and a film titled Fragments, a documentary of The Who's 2006–2007 tour. On Friday October 29, 2010, Bill Kreutzmann endorsed Proposition 19, which would have legalized marijuana in California. Kreutzmann made the endorsement on The California Marijuana Report radio show. "I smoke marijuana and I'm not a criminal; please vote YES on 19," Kreutzmann told Eric Brenner, the show's host. "Jerry Garcia would have voted YES," he added.
As band leader:
- Backbone – Backbone (1999)
- Dice with the Universe (EP) – The Trichromes (2002)
- Trichromes – The Trichromes (2002)
- 7 Walkers – 7 Walkers (2010)
- The Apocalypse Now Sessions: The Rhythm Devils Play River Music (1980)
- The Rhythm Devils Concert Experience (DVD) (2008)
With other artists:
- Blows Against The Empire – Paul Kantner and Jefferson Starship (1970)
- If I Could Only Remember My Name – David Crosby (1971)
- James and the Good Brothers – James and the Good Brothers, 1971
- Powerglide – New Riders of the Purple Sage (1971)
- Garcia – Jerry Garcia (1972)
- Graham Nash and David Crosby – Graham Nash and David Crosby (1972)
- Ace – Bob Weir (1972)
- Demon in Disguise – David Bromberg (1972)
- The Rowan Brothers – The Rowan Brothers (1972)
- Fire Up – Merl Saunders (1973)
- Wanted Dead or Alive – David Bromberg (1974)
- Reflections – Jerry Garcia (1976)
- Texican Badman – Peter Rowan (1980)
- Livin' the Life – The Rowan Brothers (1980)
- A Wing and a Prayer – Matt Kelly (1987)
- Retrospective Dreams – RJ Fox (1991)
- Fire Up Plus – Merl Saunders (1992)
- Fiesta Amazonica – Merl Saunders and the Rainforest Band (1998)
- Live at the Fillmore – Denver (DVD) – The String Cheese Incident (2003)
- Now and Then – The Rowan Brothers (2004)
- Out Beyond Ideas – David Wilcox and Nance Pettit (2005)
- The Green Sparrow – Mike Gordon (2008)
|Grateful Dead portal|
- Grateful Dead (2003). The Closing of Winterland: December 31, 1978 (Compact disc). Grateful Dead Records. Disc 4, track 8 "Johnny B. Goode", c. 4:45. OCLC 54037392. Catalog no. GDCD78055. More than one of
- Scott, John W.; Dolgushkin, Mike; Nixon, Stu (1999). DeadBase XI: The Complete Guide to Grateful Dead Song Lists. Cornish, New Hampshire: DeadBase. p. 565. ISBN 1-877657-22-0.
- Jambands.com - Need We Say More? > Features > Bill Kreutzmann Remembers Jerry Garcia
- William "Big Bill" Kreutzmann, Sr (1922 - 1995) - Find A Grave Memorial
- Steven Stolder (1998-01-11). ""Pop Quiz - Q & A with the Dead's Bill Kreutzmann", ''San Francisco Chronicle'', January 11, 1998". Sfgate.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- "Grateful Dead Family Discography: Drums". Deaddisc.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- John Metzger. "Metzger, John. ''Backbone'' review, ''The Music Box'', November 1998". Musicbox-online.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- "Cooper, Scott. "Return of the Other Other One", ''Metro'' (Silicon Valley), August 24 - 30, 2000". Metroactive.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Dansby, Andrew. "Dead Come Alive as Other Ones", Rolling Stone, October 7, 2002[dead link]
- "Ratliff, Ben. "Keeping Pace with Shades of the Dead", ''New York Times'', November 28, 2002". New York Times. 2002-11-28. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Selvin, Joel. "Other Ones Reunite", San Francisco Chronicle, December 1, 2002
- "Selvin, Joel. "Marin Icons Now The Dead", ''San Francisco Chronicle'', February 12, 2003". Sfgate.com. 2003-02-12. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- John Metzger. "Metzger, John. ''Dice with the Universe'' review, ''The Music Box'', April 2002". Musicbox-online.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- John Metzger. "Metzger, John. ''TriChromes'' review, ''The Music Box'', September 2002". Musicbox-online.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- "Kerr, Paul. "17th Annual Warren Haynes Christmas Jam", JamBase, January 3, 2006". Jambase.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- "Clarke, Richard. "Warren Haynes 17th Annual Christmas Jam", ''Glide'' magazine, December 27, 2005". Glidemagazine.com. 2005-12-27. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- "Bill Kreutzmann, Oteil Burbridge & Scott Murawski Kick Off Tour May 28, 2008". Dead.net. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Budnick, Dean. "Let It Grow", Relix, August 2008, p. 49 – 52
- ""Bill Kreutzmann's Trio - Keeping the Fire Burning", KyndMusic, November 7, 2008". Kyndmusic.blogspot.com. 2008-11-07. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- ""Bill Kreutzmann Adds Dates with 7 Walkers", Jambands.com, March 16, 2010". Jambands.com. 2010-03-16. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- "Lipshutz, Jason. "Grateful Dead's Bill Kreutzmann Announces 7 Walkers Release", ''Billboard'', September 16, 2010". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- John Metzger. "Metzger, John. ''Ocean Spirit'', ''The Music Box'', May/June 1995". Musicbox-online.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Bill Kreutzmann on The Art of Rock & Roll
- Justin Kreutzmann on the Internet Movie Database
- "Justin Kreutzmann interview on deadnews.blogspot.com, December 5, 2005". Deadnews.blogspot.com. 2005-12-05. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Dead Ringers: The Making of A Touch of Grey on DeadDisc.com.
- James Bolen (2006-12-07). "Bolen, James. "Tea Leaf Green: Rock 'n' Roll Band", ''Houston Press'', December 7, 2006". Houstonpress.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- "The Who Documentary", MyMcMurray Rock 97.9[dead link]
- "Grateful Dead's Bill Kreutzmann Endorses Prop 19 Legalization". Toke of the Town. 2010-10-30. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Bill Kreutzmann biography on Allmusic
- Bill Kreutzmann discography on DeadDisc.com
- "About Bill Kreutzmann", RememberJerry.com
- Bruner, Sarah. "Just a Guy Who Plays Drums: An Interview with Bill Kreutzmann", JamBands.com, March 1999
- McKinley, Mike. "Conversation with Bill Kreutzmann", State of Mind Music, May 27, 2008
- McNally, Dennis (2002). A Long Strange Trip: The Inside Story of the Grateful Dead. Broadway Books. ISBN 0-7679-1185-7.
- Corbett, Ben. "Grateful Dead Drummer: In the Key of Kreutzmann", Crawdaddy!, May 22, 2009
- Rock and Reel website
- Bill Kreutzmann Artwork at Walnut Street Gallery
- Perry, Shawn. "The Bill Kreutzmann Interview", vintagerock.com