Bill Shorten

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The Honourable
Bill Shorten
MP
Bill Shorten DSC 3004.JPG
Leader of the Opposition
Incumbent
Assumed office
13 October 2013
Deputy Tanya Plibersek
Preceded by Chris Bowen
Leader of the Labor Party
Incumbent
Assumed office
13 October 2013
Deputy Tanya Plibersek
Preceded by Kevin Rudd
Minister for Education
In office
1 July 2013 – 18 September 2013
Prime Minister Kevin Rudd
Preceded by Peter Garrett
Succeeded by Christopher Pyne
Minister for Workplace Relations
In office
14 December 2011 – 18 September 2013
Prime Minister Julia Gillard
Kevin Rudd
Preceded by Chris Evans
Succeeded by Eric Abetz
Minister for Financial Services and Superannuation
In office
14 September 2010 – 1 July 2013
Prime Minister Julia Gillard
Kevin Rudd
Preceded by Chris Bowen
Succeeded by Office Abolished
Assistant Treasurer
In office
14 September 2010 – 14 December 2011
Prime Minister Julia Gillard
Preceded by Nick Sherry
Succeeded by Mark Arbib
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Maribyrnong
Incumbent
Assumed office
3 December 2007
Preceded by Bob Sercombe
Personal details
Born William Richard Shorten
(1967-05-12) 12 May 1967 (age 47)
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Nationality Australian
Political party Labor Party
Spouse(s)
  • Debbie Beale (divorced)
  • Chloe Shorten
Alma mater Monash University (BA, LLB)
Melbourne Business School (MBA)
Religion Roman Catholic
Website www.billshorten.com.au

William Richard Shorten (born 12 May 1967) is an Australian politician who has been Leader of the Labor Party and Leader of the Opposition since October 2013. He has represented Maribyrnong in the Australian House of Representatives since 2007, and served in a number of ministerial positions in the Rudd and Gillard Governments, including Minister for Education and Minister for Workplace Relations.[1] Prior to entering Parliament, he was the National Secretary of the Australian Workers' Union from 2001 to 2007.

Early career[edit]

Shorten was born in Melbourne, where his father, William Robert Shorten - from Tyneside, England - was a waterside worker and union official. His mother, Ann Shorten (née McGrath) was of Irish ancestry,[2] was a lawyer and university academic.[3] He was educated at Xavier College and Monash University, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws. During his time at Monash, Shorten was a founding member of Young Labor Network, a right-wing Labor youth caucus. He also gained a Master of Business Administration from the Melbourne Business School.[4][5]

Shorten became active in the Labor Party while still a student, working part-time for federal Labor Minister Gareth Evans and state Labor Minister Neil Pope. He also worked for Bill Landeryou, Minister and later Leader of the Government in the Victorian Legislative Council during the Kirner Labor Government. After graduating, he worked for 18 months as a lawyer for Maurice Blackburn Cashman, a firm which generated a large portion of its income representing trade unions.

Union leader[edit]

In 1994, Shorten began his union career as a trainee organiser under the ACTU's Organising Works program at the AWU, before being elected Victorian State Secretary in 1998.[6] Before taking this post, Shorten had decided to enter Victorian state politics, being selected unopposed as the Labor candidate for the state seat of Melton for the 1999 state election. However, he quickly gave this up in order to pursue his career with the union. His time as Secretary was marked by a reform of the union's structures.

Shorten was elected as the AWU's National Secretary in 2001, and was re-elected in 2005. He resigned as Victorian State Secretary of the AWU in August 2007. Shorten was an active member of the Labor Party; he was a member of the party's National Executive until 2011, as well as the Administrative Committee of the Victorian Branch. He is a former director of the Superannuation Trust of Australia (now Australian Super), and the Victorian Funds Management Corporation. From December 2005 until May 2008 he was the Victorian State President of the Labor Party. He was also a member of the Australian Council of Trade Unions Executive.[7] Until early 2006, he was a board member of GetUp.org.au.[8]

During his time as AWU National Secretary, Shorten was the interim chief executive of the Australian Netball Players Association (ANPA), following an alliance between the AWU and ANPA in 2005.[9] Shorten also served on the advisory board of the Australian Cricketers' Association.[10]

Political career[edit]

The political correspondent of the The Age, Misha Schubert, wrote, "The ascendancy of the articulate, clever and impressively connected challenger, routinely touted as a future Prime Minister, seems all but assured." She pointed out that, as well as his base in the right-wing unions, Shorten would be supported by some unions normally associated with the left, such as the Communications, Electrical and Plumbing Union.[11]

In 2005, Shorten announced that he would seek selection as the Labor candidate for the seat of Maribyrnong, which was already held by Labor MP and Shadow Minister Bob Sercombe. Justifying his challenge to a sitting Labor MP, Shorten said, "...we haven't won a federal election since 1993. When your footy team loses four consecutive grand finals, you renew the team."[11] On 28 February, Sercombe announced that he was withdrawing his candidacy for re-selection, a few days before the vote of local members in which Shorten was expected to poll very strongly. As a result, Shorten was selected unopposed to contest the seat.

During the Beaconsfield mine collapse, Shorten, in his role as National Secretary of the AWU, played a prominent role as a negotiator and commentator on developments in the immediate aftermath and the ensuing rescue operations. The mine rescue operations drew mass national media coverage, and raised Shorten's political profile ahead of the 2007 election.[12][13]

At the election on 24 November 2007, Shorten was elected to the House of Representatives as the Labor Member for Maribyrnong. It was speculated that with his high public profile and general popularity within the Labor Party, he might immediately be given a front-bench portfolio; however, when asked about the possibility, new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd said that he believed parliamentary experience was essential when designating front-bench portfolios. On 29 November, Rudd announced that Shorten would become Parliamentary Secretary for Disabilities and Children's Services.[14] As Parliamentary Secretary, Shorten pushed hard for the National Disability Insurance Scheme, something which was later to become a key policy of the Labor Government.[15]

Shorten would later become one of the main factional leaders involved in the replacement of Kevin Rudd as Prime Minister and Leader of the Labor Party with Julia Gillard in the 2010 leadership challenge.[16] Following the 2010 federal election there was speculation that Shorten might seek to oust Prime Minister Gillard from her position within the year; former Labor Prime Minister Bob Hawke and former Labor Opposition Leader Kim Beazley had both previously endorsed Shorten as a potential future Labor Leader.[17] Shorten denied this speculation, and was promoted to the Cabinet as Minister for Financial Services and Superannuation.[18] In 2011, he was also given the position of Minister for Workplace Relations.[19]

Following a period of persistent leadership tensions, Shorten announced immediately before a June 2013 leadership ballot took place that he would back Kevin Rudd against Julia Gillard, and would resign from the Cabinet should she win.[20] Rudd subsequently won the ballot and became Prime Minister for a second time, appointing Shorten as Minister for Education, with particular responsibility for implementing the Gonski school funding reforms.[21]

Leadership of the Labor Party[edit]

Following the defeat of the Labor Government at the 2013 federal election, Kevin Rudd announced that he would stand down as Leader of the Labor Party. Shorten subsequently announced his candidacy to be his successor, in a contest with Anthony Albanese that would be the first time party members would be eligible to vote.[22][23] Shorten subsequently gained 63.9% of the party caucus vote and 40.8% of the rank-and-file members' vote, which when weighted equally gave Shorten a 52.02% victory over Albanese.[24][25] His first speech acknowledged the role of women in his election success. He also distanced himself from Tony Abbott's social conservatism, saying "I reject the assumption that merit is more located in the brains of men than women" and highlighting the proportion of women in Labor's leadership, with Tanya Plibersek as Deputy Leader and Penny Wong as Senate Opposition Leader.[26][27]

Personal life[edit]

Shorten's first wife was Debbie Beale, the daughter of businessman and former Liberal MP Julian Beale.[28] His present wife, Chloe, is the daughter of the former Governor-General of Australia Dame Quentin Bryce and her husband Michael Bryce.[29][30][31] Shorten and his wife live with their three children: their daughter,[32] and Chloe Shorten's children from a previous marriage.[33] In May 2012, the Shortens issued a public appeal requesting the cessation of an unspecified smear campaign about their marriage; Shorten was quoted by The Australian saying "personal lives and families should be off limits".[34] Shorten has a twin brother, Robert.[35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hewett, Jennifer (18 September 2010). "Players assemble on the front line". Australian. News Limited. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  2. ^ http://www.awu.net.au/opinions/bill-shorten-people-movement-against-howard-governments-ir-changes |title=Mums family were Irish Catholic|
  3. ^ Rule, Andrew (26 September 2009). "The charm offensive". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "Engaging in the Asian Century". Monash University. 22 May 2013. 
  5. ^ van Tiggelen, John (July 2012). "Watch This Face: Bill Shorten". The Monthly. 
  6. ^ Costa, Michael; Lloyd Ross Forum (1997). Reforming Australia's unions: insights from Southland magazine. Sydney: Federation Press. p. 75. ISBN 1-86287-248-1. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  7. ^ Parliament of Australia. Senators and Members. Bill Shorten. Biography. Retrieved 8 March 2014
  8. ^ Getup Annual Report 2005-06, pg 16
  9. ^ Netballers join union for a better shot at fair pay, Sydney Morning Herald.
  10. ^ The Hon Bill Shorten MP, Q&A profile, ABC. Retrieved 26 September 2009.
  11. ^ a b Schubert, Misha (4 February 2006). "I'm in: Shorten declares on safe seat". Age. Fairfax. Retrieved 4 December 2007. 
  12. ^ Doherty, Ben (4 May 2006). "Shorten plays more than mere union man". Age. Fairfax. 
  13. ^ Coorey, Phillip (6 May 2006). "Voice of the miners is just the union ticket". Sydney Morning Herald. 
  14. ^ "Rudd hands out portfolios". ABC. 29 November 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2007. 
  15. ^ Van Tiggeen, John The Monthly July 2012
  16. ^ "I urged Gillard to challenge Rudd: Bill Shorten". Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 29 June 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  17. ^ Goodsir, Darren (23 August 2010). "Bill Shorten to lead Labor Party?". 3AW blog. Retrieved 24 August 2010. 
  18. ^ Simons, Margaret (12 November 2005). "Fitting the Bill". The Age. Retrieved 24 August 2010. 
  19. ^ "Gillard unveils expanded Cabinet". ABC News (Australia). 18 December 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2011. 
  20. ^ Murphy, Katharine (26 June 2013). "Labor leadership spill: Julia Gillard v Kevin Rudd - as it happened". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  21. ^ Ireland, Judith (26 June 2013). "Rudd returns as Labor leader, Gillard quits politics". The Age (Australia). Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  22. ^ Cullen, Simon (13 September 2013). "Anthony Albanese to run for Labor leadership against Bill Shorten". ABC News (Australia). Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  23. ^ Maher, Sid; Perpitch, Nicolas (13 September 2013). "Bill Shorten stands and vows to maintain the carbon rage". The Australian. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  24. ^ Harrison, Dan. "Bill Shorten elected Labor leader". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 13 October 2013. 
  25. ^ Griffiths, Emma (13 October 2013). "Bill Shorten elected Labor leader over Anthony Albanese after month-long campaign". ABC News (Australia). Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  26. ^ Taylor, Lenore (14 October 2013). "Tanya Plibersek elected to be Bill Shorten's deputy". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  27. ^ Nicholson, Brendan (14 October 2013). "Star of the Left Tanya Plibersek helped Bill Shorten win". The Australian. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  28. ^ Wright, Tony (2013-10-13). "Labor's Shorten experiment: the tale of 'Showbag Bill'". The Age. Retrieved 2013-10-13. 
  29. ^ Carbone, Suzanne (11 December 2009). "Shorten fits the Bill as referee for his ex-wife". Age. Fairfax. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  30. ^ "Bill Shorten to wed Chloe Bryce, Governor-General's daughter". Daily Telegraph. News Limited. 14 November 2009. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  31. ^ Milne, Glenn (2009-07-18). "Bill Shorten and Chloe Bryce G-G's girl expecting a child". Daily Telegraph. News Limited. Retrieved 2011-09-05. 
  32. ^ "Baby Clementine wows Labor MP Bill Shorten and wife Chloe Bryce". Herald Sun. News Limited. 2009-12-24. Retrieved 2011-09-05. 
  33. ^ "Bill Shorten in love with Quentin Bryce's daughter". Courier Mail. News Limited. 2008-09-21. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 
  34. ^ "Bill and Chloe Shorten call for end to personal attacks in politics". The Australian. News Limited. 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 
  35. ^ Wright, Jessica (15 April 2014). "Bill Shorten farewells mother at private funeral in Melbourne". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 

External links[edit]

Trade union offices
Preceded by
Terry Muscat
Secretary of the Australian Workers' Union
2001–2007
Succeeded by
Paul Howes
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Bob Sercombe
Member of Parliament for Maribyrnong
2007–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Chris Bowen
Minister for Financial Services and Superannuation
2010–2013
Succeeded by
Office Abolished
Preceded by
Chris Evans
Minister for Workplace Relations
2011–2013
Succeeded by
Eric Abetz
Preceded by
Peter Garrett
Minister for Education
2013
Succeeded by
Christopher Pyne
Preceded by
Chris Bowen
Leader of the Opposition
2013–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Kevin Rudd
Leader of the Labor Party
2013–present
Incumbent