Bill Wratten

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sir William Wratten
Born (1939-08-15) 15 August 1939 (age 74)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Air Force
Years of service 1960-1997
Rank Air Chief Marshal
Commands held No. 23 Squadron
RAF Coningsby
No. 11 Group
Strike Command
Battles/wars Gulf War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Air Force Cross

Air Chief Marshal Sir William John Wratten GBE CB AFC (born 15 August 1939) was Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief of RAF Strike Command from 1994.

Flying career[edit]

Educated at Chatham House Grammar School in Ramsgate, Wratten entered RAF Cranwell and was commissioned into the Royal Air Force in 1960.[1] He was appointed Officer Commanding No. 23 Squadron in 1975 and, following his promotion to Group Captain, he became Station Commander at RAF Coningsby in 1980.[1] In June 1982 he was made the first Station Commander at RAF Stanley in the Falkland Islands after the 1982 war.[1] He went on to serve as Director of Operational Requirements (Air) at Ministry of Defence in 1983, as Senior Air Staff Officer at Headquarters No. 1 Group in 1986 and as Air Officer Commanding No. 11 Group in 1989.[1] As an Air Vice Marshal, he was Air Commander British Forces Middle East from 17 November 1990 until the end of the Gulf War (as such he was the senior air force officer in Operation Granby).[1] His last appointment was as Air Officer Commanding Strike Command in 1994 before he retired in 1997.[2]

Chinook helicopter crash Board of Inquiry[edit]

In 1995, following the Chinook Helicopter Crash on the Mull of Kintyre, Wratten was the Senior Reviewing Officer of the Board of Inquiry which had failed to find a cause of the accident. Despite a lack of Accident Data Recorder and cockpit voice recorder, Wratten concluded that because the aircraft hit the ground whilst in cloud/fog, pilot error was the cause of the crash and found the pilots guilty of gross negligence.[3] Following a subsequent Scottish Fatal Accident Inquiry and House of Commons Public Accounts Committee report, a House of Lords Select Committee was appointed to consider all the circumstances surrounding the crash and unanimously concluded "that the reviewing officers were not justified in finding that negligence on the part of the pilots caused the aircraft to crash".[4]

References[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
M J D Stear
Air Officer Commanding No. 11 Group
1989 – 1991
Succeeded by
D Allison
Preceded by
R A F Wilson
Air Commander British Forces Middle East
Also Deputy Commander British Forces Middle East

17 November 1990 – April 1991
Gulf War ended
Preceded by
Sir Richard Johns
Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Strike Command
1994–1997
Succeeded by
Sir John Allison