Billbergia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Billbergia
Bromeliad spike.jpg
Billbergia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Subfamily: Bromelioideae
Genus: Billbergia
Thunb.
Synonyms[1]
  • Anacyclia Hoffmanns.
  • Eucallias Raf.
  • Jonghea Lem.
  • Cremobotrys Beer
  • Helicodea Lem.
  • Pseudaechmea L.B.Sm. & Read

Billbergia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Bromelioideae. The genus, named for the Swedish botanist, zoologist, and anatomist Gustaf Johan Billberg, is divided into two subgenera: Billbergia and Helicodea. They are native to forest and scrub, up to an altitude of 1,700 m (5,577 ft), in southern Mexico, the West Indies, Central America and South America, with many species endemic to Brazil.[1]

They are rosette-forming, evergreen perennials, usually epiphytic in habit, often with brilliantly coloured flowers.[2]

Species[edit]

  1. Billbergia acreana H. Luther - Acre
  2. Billbergia alfonsi-joannis Reitz - from Espírito Santo to Santa Catarina
  3. Billbergia amandae W.Weber - Brazil, but probably extinct
  4. Billbergia ambigua (L.B.Sm. & Read) Betancur & N.R.Salinas - Antioquia
  5. Billbergia amoena (Loddiges) Lindley - Brazil
  6. Billbergia brachysiphon L.B. Smith - Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador
  7. Billbergia bradeana L.B. Smith - Espírito Santo
  8. Billbergia brasiliensis L.B. Smith - Rio de Janeiro
  9. Billbergia buchholtzii Mez - Brazil, but probably extinct
  10. Billbergia cardenasii L.B. Smith - Bolivia
  11. Billbergia castelensis E. Pereira - Espírito Santo
  12. Billbergia chlorantha L.B. Smith - Espírito Santo
  13. Billbergia × claudioi Leme - Brazil
  14. Billbergia cylindrostachya Mez - Rio de Janeiro
  15. Billbergia dasilvae Leme - Rondônia
  16. Billbergia decora Poeppig & Endlicher - Peru, Bolivia, Brazil
  17. Billbergia distachya (Vellozo) Mez - southern Brazil
  18. Billbergia domingosmartinsis E.Gross - Espírito Santo
  19. Billbergia elegans Martius ex Schultes f. - Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais
  20. Billbergia eloiseae L.B. Smith & R.W. Read - Colombia
  21. Billbergia euphemiae E. Morren - southeastern Brazil
  22. Billbergia formosa Ule - Peru
  23. Billbergia horrida Regel - southeastern Brazil
  24. Billbergia incarnata (Ruiz & Pavón) Schultes f. - Peru
  25. Billbergia iridifolia (Nees & Martius) Lindley - southeastern Brazil
  26. Billbergia issingiana T. Krömer & E. Gross - Bolivia
  27. Billbergia jandebrabanderi R. Vásquez & Ibisch - Bolivia
  28. Billbergia kautskyana E. Pereira - Espírito Santo
  29. Billbergia kuhlmannii L.B. Smith - Brazil, Bolivia
  30. Billbergia laxiflora L.B. Smith - Espírito Santo
  31. Billbergia leptopoda L.B. Smith - Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais
  32. Billbergia lietzei E. Morren - Espírito Santo
  33. Billbergia lymanii E. Pereira & Leme - southeastern Brazil
  34. Billbergia macracantha E. Pereira - Rio de Janeiro
  35. Billbergia macrocalyx Hooker - Bahia, Minas Gerais
  36. Billbergia macrolepis L.B. Smith - Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana
  37. Billbergia magnifica Mez - Brazil, Paraguay
  38. Billbergia manarae Steyermark - Venezuela
  39. Billbergia meyeri Mez - Brazil, Bolivia
  40. Billbergia microlepis L.B. Smith - Bolivia
  41. Billbergia minarum L.B. Smith - Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais
  42. Billbergia morelii Brongniart - eastern Brazil
  43. Billbergia nana E. Pereira - Bahia, Espírito Santo
  44. Billbergia nutans H. Wendland ex Regel - Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay
  45. Billbergia oxysepala Mez - Acre, Ecuador
  46. Billbergia pallidiflora Liebmann - Mexico and Central America from Sinaloa to Nicaragua
  47. Billbergia pohliana Mez - Minas Gerais
  48. Billbergia porteana Brongniart ex Beer - Brazil, Paraguay
  49. Billbergia pyramidalis (Sims) Lindley - Brazil, Venezuela, French Guiana, Lesser Antilles, Cuba; naturalized in Mauritius
  50. Billbergia reichardtii Wawra - Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais
  51. Billbergia robert-readii E. Gross & Rauh - Peru
  52. Billbergia rosea hortus ex Beer - Trinidad, Venezuela
  53. Billbergia rubicunda Mez - Suriname
  54. Billbergia rupestris L.B. Smith - Colombia, Acre
  55. Billbergia sanderiana E. Morren - southeastern Brazil
  56. Billbergia seidelii L.B. Smith & Reitz - Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro
  57. Billbergia stenopetala Harms - Ecuador, Peru
  58. Billbergia tessmannii Harms - Peru
  59. Billbergia tweedieana Baker - southeastern Brazil
  60. Billbergia velascana M. Cardenas - Bolivia
  61. Billbergia violacea Beer - Guianas, Brazil
  62. Billbergia viridiflora H. Wendland - Belize, Guatemala, Tabasco
  63. Billbergia vittata Brongniart - eastern Brazil
  64. Billbergia zebrina (Herbert) Lindley - Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay

Cultivars[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 

External links[edit]


Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.