|Region:||Region of Southern Denmark|
|Postal Code:||7190 Billund|
|Time Zone:||GMT +1|
Billund is a small town in Jutland, Denmark, most notable as the home of the LEGO Group head office. A typical company town, it is also known for its theme park, Legoland, and for Billund Airport which is the second biggest airport in Denmark. The airport opened in 1964 and was built by the LEGO Group, but is now run independently.
On the outskirts of the town there is a LEGO factory, which, as of 2005[update], manufactures 90% of the company's products. Adjacent to the company's headquarters is the first LEGOLAND theme park, which opened in 1968 and is called LEGOLAND Billund.
Billund has long been part of the parish of Grene Kirke ((Danish) "Grove Church") whose original Romanesque building was first mentioned in 1291. The town's name was first mentioned as "Byllundt" in the year 1454 and as "Billund" in 1510.
In 1880, the town's first windmill was built on the road between Vejle and Varde. In 1895, the mill burned to the ground but was rebuilt in 1897, this time in the style of Dutch windmills. That same year, a railway was built from Vejle to Billund, and the route was later extended to Grinnell in 1914.
In 1916, Ole Kirk Christiansen, who would later found Lego, bought a Billund furniture company that was founded in 1895. He invested in the town, creating a new dairy and the Skjoldbjerg church a few miles south of town. In 1930, Kirk Christiansen began producing utility items such as ironing boards, stepladders and miniature toys. His first toys were created from scraps from the production of his other goods but his true toy production started in 1932. In 1934, the toy factory was named "Lego."
In the late 1930s Billund experienced growth due to the factories and began to build waterworks, a gymnasium, and the town hall, though the local power station was closed and relocated.
During the Nazi occupation in World War II, the old Lego Factory was destroyed by fire in 1942, but a new one was immediately erected. In 1946, the railway track from Grinnell was extended to the Lego factory. Plastic Lego Bricks were first released from the factory in 1949.
The 1950s brought a recession to Billund with the closing of the railroad. In response to the growing poverty, the Billund Housing Association was founded and created affordable housing as well as a retirement home. Lego created a large park north of town with a playground, outdoor scene, toboggan hill and a man-made lake in 1959. In 1962 the Billund Airport was inaugurated, first as Lego's private airport, and was later opened for other uses. Legoland opened in 1968, and Billund again began to experience growth.
Billund is located approximately 13 kilometers(8 miles) from Grindsted, 56 kilometers(35 miles) from Esbjerg, and 27 kilometers(17miles) from The Regional Capital of Vejle.
As of 2012 the town had 6,146 residents. In the beginning of the 1930s Billund was still a small village with only 300 residents. In the 1950s the village reached 500 residents and after this time that number increased rapidly. After only 20 years, in 1970 this number quadrupled to 2,065 residents. Population growth exploded because of LEGOs rapid expansion in the mid-1960s.
The town's demographics are characterized by many families with children; approximately 27.3% of the households in the town consist of couples with children. This is somewhat above the average for the region. The residents in the town mostly live in family houses.
Billund is a popular destination for tourists, especially families with children. In addition to Copenhagen, Billund is one of the few cities that have recently[when?] received more tourists in the last few years. The town is home to the theme park LEGOLAND which was opened in 1968, and since 2009 has also been the home of Lalandia Billund, a waterpark and activity center.
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Danish Wikipedia. (June 2012)|