Billy Al Bengston
After seeing the work of Jasper Johns at the 1958 Venice Biennale he adopted the motif of a set of sergeant's stripes. This recurring image was painted with industrial materials and techniques associated with the decoration of motorcycle tanks and surfboards.
Bengston encouraged viewers in the early 1960s to associate his art with motorcycle subculture, for instance by straddling a bike on the cover of the catalogue for a 1961 show at Ferus Gallery. His interest in cars lead to Judy Chicago, one of his students, attending auto body school and using spray painting techniques. Thomas E. Crow draws attention to the deliberate contrast between Bengston's flamboyant, competitive, aggressively masculine stance and a delicate, modest approach to his art.
He has received grants from the National Endowment for the Arts (1967), the Tamarind Lithography Workshop (1968, 1982, 1987), and the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (1975). His work is found in many public and private collections, including the Centre Georges Pompidou (Paris), Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (Los Angeles), Museum of Modern Art, New York (New York), Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (New York), The Corcoran Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), and the Whitney Museum of American Art (New York)
His first solo exhibition was at the Ferus Gallery in 1958. In 2010 at Samuel Freeman, Bengston recreated this first solo exhibition, including a scale replica of the Ferus Gallery inside Freeman's space.
- Thomas E. Crow, The Rise of the Sixties: American and European Art in the Era of Dissent, Laurence King Publishing, 2004, p80-81. ISBN 1-85669-426-7
- Cécile Whiting, Pop L.A.: Art and the City in the 1960s, University of California Press, 2006, p94. ISBN 0-520-24460-5
- Otis College of Art Alumni Listing, accessed Aug 4, 2007
- review in New York Times
- Billy Al Bengston on ArtFacts.net
- Billy Al Bengston in ArtForum
- Billy Al Bengston Papers at the Smithsonian's Archives of American Art
- Billy Al Bengston - Artist on KCET Departures Venice