|Born||November 14, 1915
New York City, New York, USA
|Died||June 16, 2005(aged 89)|
Bauer was born in New York City. He played banjo as a child before switching to guitar. He played with the Jerry Wald band and recorded with Carl Hoff and His Orchestra in 1941  before joining Woody Herman in 1944 as a member of the First Herd and in 1946 he played with Benny Goodman and Jack Teagarden.
In 1946 he began working with Lennie Tristano. Tristano and Bauer enjoyed a natural synergy in their style and approach. Their development of "intuitive music"  led to the 1949 session which included the free improvisations "Intuition" and "Digression". He was a member of the NBC Tonight Show band in NYC and played in the Today Show band at the start of early television.
Bauer continued his pioneering guitar work in a partnership with Lee Konitz, whose avant-garde saxophone work was a perfect match for Bauer's guitar. The two musicians' dialogue crossed styles from bop and cool to the avant-garde. Their recordings have been described as "some of the most beautiful duet recordings in jazz". "Duet For Saxophone and Guitar", was an unusual instrument pairing which has been described as redefining the role of jazz guitar.
Bauer made one album under his own name, "The Plectrist" in 1956. The CD reissue has been described as "demand(ing) the attention of anyone even remotely interested in jazz guitar". Later on he arranged a song entitled "No One" that appeared on a CD entitled "Henry Golis Presents Good Music With Friends" that was released on Park Lane Drive Records in 2007.
In later life Bauer taught at the New York Conservatory of Modern Music and his own Billy Bauer Guitar School first in Albertson, New York then in Roslyn Heights, New York. He also published instructional books on studying music and playing the guitar.
In 1997 he published his autobiography "Sideman" (with Thea Luba ISBN 978-0-9657237-0-1).