Bill Moyers

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For the co-founder of the Movement for a New Society, see William Moyer.
Bill Moyers
Bill Moyers 24 May 2005.jpg
Moyers on May 24, 2005
13th White House Press Secretary
In office
July 8, 1965 – January 1967
President Lyndon B. Johnson
Preceded by George Reedy
Succeeded by George Christian
Personal details
Born (1934-06-05) June 5, 1934 (age 80)
Hugo, Oklahoma
Spouse(s) Judith Suzanne Moyers (née Davidson)
Children William Cope, Alice Suzanne, and John Davidson
Residence New York City, United States
Occupation Journalist
Religion United Church of Christ

Bill D. Moyers (born June 5, 1934) is an American journalist and liberal political commentator. He served as White House Press Secretary in the Johnson administration from 1965 to 1967. He also worked as a network TV news commentator for ten years. Moyers has been extensively involved with public broadcasting, producing documentaries and news journal programs. He has won numerous awards and honorary degrees for his investigative journalism and civic activities. He has become well known as a trenchant critic of the U.S. media (particularly modern, corporately structured news media). Moyers is a member of the Bilderberg Group[1] and since 1990 has been president of the Schumann Center for Media and Democracy.

Life and career[edit]

Early years and education[edit]

President Johnson (right) meets with special assistant Moyers in the White House Oval Office, 1963

Born Billy Don Moyers[2] in Hugo in Choctaw County in southeastern Oklahoma, he was the son of John Henry Moyers, a laborer, and Ruby Johnson Moyers. Moyers was reared in Marshall, Texas.[3]

He began his journalism career at sixteen as a cub reporter at the Marshall News Messenger in Marshall in East Texas. In college, he studied journalism at the North Texas State College in Denton, Texas. In 1954, then-U.S. Senator Lyndon B. Johnson employed him as a summer intern and eventually promoted him to manage Johnson's personal mail. Soon after, Moyers transferred to the University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, where he wrote for The Daily Texan newspaper. In 1956, he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Journalism. While in Austin, Moyers served as assistant news editor for KTBC radio and television stations—owned by Lady Bird Johnson, wife of then-Senator Johnson. During the academic year 1956–1957, he studied issues of church and state at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland as a Rotary International Fellow. In 1959, he completed a Master of Divinity degree at the Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary in Fort Worth, Texas.[3] Moyers served as Director of Information while attending SWBTS. He was also a Baptist pastor in Weir in Williamson County near Austin.

Moyers was ordained in 1954. Moyers planned to enter a Doctor of Philosophy program in American Studies at the University of Texas. During Senator Johnson's unsuccessful bid for the 1960 Democratic U.S. presidential nomination, Moyers served as a top aide, and in the general campaign he acted as liaison between Democratic vice-presidential candidate Johnson and the Democratic presidential nominee, U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy.[4]

Kennedy and Johnson administrations[edit]

During the Kennedy Administration, Moyers was first appointed as associate director of public affairs for the newly created Peace Corps in 1961. He served as Deputy Director from 1962 to 1963. When Lyndon B. Johnson took office after the Kennedy assassination, Moyers became a special assistant to Johnson, serving from 1963 to 1967. He played a key role in organizing and supervising the 1964 Great Society legislative task forces and was a principal architect of Johnson's 1964 presidential campaign. Moyers acted as the President's informal chief of staff from October 1964 until 1966. From July 1965 to February 1967, he also served as White House press secretary.[4]

After the resignation of White House Chief of Staff Walter Jenkins because of a sexual misdemeanor in the run up to the 1964 election, President Lyndon B. Johnson, alarmed that the opposition was framing the issue as a security breach,[5] ordered Moyers to request FBI name checks on 15 members of Goldwater's staff to find "derogatory" material on their personal lives.[6][7] Goldwater himself only referred to the Jenkins incident off the record.[8] The Church Committee stated in 1975 that "Moyers has publicly recounted his role in the incident, and his account is confirmed by FBI documents."[9] In 2005, Laurence Silberman claimed that Moyers denied writing the memo in a 1975 phone call.[10] Moyers said he had a different recollection of the telephone conversation.[11]

Moyers also sought information from the FBI on the sexual preferences of White House staff members, most notably Jack Valenti.[12] Moyers indicated his memory was unclear on why Johnson directed him to request such information, "but that he may have been simply looking for details of allegations first brought to the president by Hoover."[13]

Moyers approved (but had nothing to do with the production) of the infamous "Daisy Ad" against Barry Goldwater in the 1964 presidential campaign.[14] That ad is considered the starting point of the modern-day harshly negative campaign ad.[15]

Moyers giving a press conference at the White House in 1965

Journalist Morley Safer in his 1990 book "Flashbacks" wrote that Moyers and President Johnson met with and "harangued" Safer's boss, CBS president Frank Stanton, about Safer's coverage of the Marines torching Cam Ne village in the Vietnam War.[16] During the meeting, Safer alleges, Johnson threatened to expose Safer's "communist ties". This was a bluff, according to Safer. Safer says that Moyers was "if not a key player, certainly a key bystander" in the incident.[17] Moyers stated that his hard-hitting coverage of conservative presidents Reagan and Bush were behind Safer's 1990 allegations.[18]

In The New York Times on April 3, 1966, Moyers offered this insight on his stint as press secretary to President Johnson: "I work for him despite his faults and he lets me work for him despite my deficiencies."[19][20] On October 17, 1967, he told an audience in Cambridge that Johnson saw the war in Vietnam as his major legacy and, as a result, was insisting on victory at all costs, even in the face of public opposition. Moyers felt such a continuation of the conflict would tear the country apart. "I never thought the situation could arise when I would wish for the defeat of LBJ, and that makes my current state of mind all the more painful to me," he told them. "I would have to say now: It would depend on who his opponent is."[21]

The full details of his rift with Johnson have not been made public but may be discussed in a forthcoming memoir.[22]

Journalism[edit]

Newsday[edit]

Moyers served as publisher for the Long Island, New York daily newspaper Newsday from 1967 to 1970. The conservative[23] publication had been unsuccessful,[23] but Moyers led the paper in a progressive direction,[24] bringing in leading writers such as Pete Hamill, Daniel Patrick Moynihan, and Saul Bellow, and adding new features and more investigative reporting and analysis. Circulation increased and the publication won 33 major journalism awards, including two Pulitzer Prizes.[23][25][26] But the owner of the paper, Harry Guggenheim, a conservative, was disappointed by the liberal drift of the newspaper under Moyers, criticizing the "left-wing" coverage of Vietnam War protests.[27][28] The two split over the 1968 presidential election, with Guggenheim signing an editorial supporting Richard Nixon, when Moyers supported Hubert Humphrey.[29] Guggenheim sold his majority share to the then-conservative Times-Mirror Company over the attempt of newspaper employees to block the sale, even though Moyers offered $10 million more than the Times-Mirror purchase price; Moyers resigned a few days later.[22][27][30][31]

PBS—Bill Moyers' Journal[edit]

In 1971 he began working for the Public Broadcasting System (PBS), hosting a news program called Bill Moyers Journal, which ran until 1981 with a hiatus from 1976 to 1977.[32]

CBS News[edit]

In 1976 he moved to CBS, where he worked as editor and chief correspondent for CBS Reports until 1980, then as senior news analyst and commentator for the CBS Evening News with Dan Rather from 1981 to 1986. He was the last regular commentator for the network broadcast.[33] During his last year at CBS, Moyers made public statements about declining news standards at the network and declined to renew his contract with CBS, citing commitments with PBS.

The Power of Myth series[edit]

In 1986 Moyers and his wife, Judith Davidson Moyers, formed Public Affairs Television. Among their first productions was the popular PBS 1988 documentary series Joseph Campbell and the Power of Myth, consisting of six one-hour interviews between Moyers and mythologist Joseph Campbell. The documentary covers Campbell's exploration of the monomyth and the hero cycle, or the story of the hero, as it manifests itself in various cultures. Campbell's influence is clearly seen in the work of George Lucas's Star Wars saga. In the first interview, filmed at George Lucas' "Skywalker Ranch",[34] Moyers and Campbell discuss the relationship between Campbell's theories and Lucas's creative work. Twelve years after the making of The Power of Myth, Moyers and Lucas met again for the 1999 interview, the Mythology of Star Wars with George Lucas & Bill Moyers, to further discuss the impact of Campbell's work on Lucas's films.[35]

The Secret Government: The Constitution in Crisis[edit]

In 1987 Moyers produced and hosted a scathing documentary, The Secret Government: The Constitution in Crisis, covering the infringement on the limitations on government and the executive branch provided by the Constitution. It considered U.S. foreign policy and militarism historically and recently, centering on the Iran–Contra affair. It was harshly rebuked by conservatives and continuing into the 1990s was used by Republicans as a reason to threaten the funding of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and PBS.

In Search of the Constitution[edit]

Also in 1987 Moyers produced an 11-part documentary celebrating the bicentennial of the signing of the U.S. Constitution and critically analyzing the present state of affairs and the intervening 200 years. Four episodes of In Search of the Constitution were interviews of sitting Supreme Court justices and the remainder contained discussions with prominent scholars. The miniseries was produced by Madeline Amgott.[36]

A World of Ideas[edit]

In 1988, Moyers produced an interview series featuring writers, artists, philosophers, scientists, and historians he had become acquainted with. The series broke new ground for national television by bringing thoughtful, intelligent, provocative, and noteworthy people to the screen, most of whom had little prior exposure in the mass media.[37] The series was revived in 1990.[38] Moyers published companion books for both the first series[39] and the second.[40]

NBC News[edit]

Moyers briefly joined NBC News in 1995 as a senior analyst and commentator, and the following year he became the first host of sister cable network MSNBC's Insight program. He was the last regular commentator on the NBC Nightly News.[33]

NOW with Bill Moyers[edit]

Moyers hosted the TV news journal NOW with Bill Moyers on PBS for three years, starting in January 2002. He retired from the program on December 17, 2004, but returned to PBS soon after to host Wide Angle in 2005. When he left NOW, he announced that he wished to finish writing a biography of Lyndon B. Johnson.[41]

Faith and Reason[edit]

In 2006, he presented two public television series. Faith and Reason, a series of conversations with esteemed writers of various faiths and of no faith, explored the question "In a world in which religion is poison to some and salvation to others, how do we live together?"

Bill Moyers on America[edit]

The series, Moyers on America, analyzed in depth the ramifications of three important issues: the Jack Abramoff scandal, evangelical religion and environmentalism (Evangelical environmentalism), and threats to open public access of the Internet.

Bill Moyers Journal[edit]

On April 25, 2007, Moyers returned to PBS with Bill Moyers Journal. In the first episode, "Buying the War", Moyers investigated what he called the general media's shortcomings in the runup to the War in Iraq.[42]

On November 20, 2009, Moyers announced that he would be retiring from his weekly show on April 30, 2010.[43]

Moyers & Company[edit]

In August 2011 Moyers announced a new hour-long weekly interview show, Moyers & Company, which premiered in January 2012.[44] In that same month, Moyers also launched a new website, BillMoyers.com. Moyers & Company is produced by Public Affairs Television and distributed by American Public Television.[45] The new show was heralded as a renewed fulfillment of public media's stated mission to air news and views unrepresented or underrepresented in commercial media.[46]

Moyers announced on October 30, 2013 that Moyers & Company was halting production. While no reason was given, the announcement said "we are exploring the possibility of continuing to serve our audience through BillMoyers.com".[47]

Awards[edit]

In 1995, Bill Moyers was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame.[48] When he became a recipient of the 2006 Lifetime Emmy Award. "Bill Moyers has devoted his lifetime to the exploration of the major issues and ideas of our time and our country, giving television viewers an informed perspective on political and societal concerns," according to the official announcement, which also noted that, "The scope of and quality of his broadcasts have been honored time and again. It is fitting that the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences honor him with our highest honor—the Lifetime Achievement Award."[49] He has received well over thirty Emmys and virtually every other major television journalism prize, including a gold baton from the Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Awards, a lifetime Peabody Award, and a George Polk Career Award (his third George Polk Award) for contributions to journalistic integrity and investigative reporting. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and has been the recipient of numerous honorary degrees, including a doctorate from the American Film Institute.[3]

Commentary[edit]

Regarding the U.S. media[edit]

On the media and class warfare[edit]

In a 2003 interview with BuzzFlash.com,[50] Moyers said, "The corporate right and the political right declared class warfare on working people a quarter of a century ago and they've won." He noted, "The rich are getting richer, which arguably wouldn't matter if the rising tide lifted all boats." Instead, however, "[t]he inequality gap is the widest it's been since 1929; the middle class is besieged and the working poor are barely keeping their heads above water." He added that as "the corporate and governing elites are helping themselves to the spoils of victory," access to political power has become "who gets what and who pays for it."

Meanwhile, the public has failed to react because it is, in his words, "distracted by the media circus and news has been neutered or politicized for partisan purposes." In support of this, he referred to "the paradox of Rush Limbaugh, ensconced in a Palm Beach mansion massaging the resentments across the country of white-knuckled wage earners, who are barely making ends meet in no small part because of the corporate and ideological forces for whom Rush has been a hero. ... As Eric Alterman reports in his recent book—a book that I'm proud to have helped make happen—part of the red meat strategy is to attack mainstream media relentlessly, knowing that if the press is effectively intimidated, either by the accusation of liberal bias or by a reporter's own mistaken belief in the charge's validity, the institutions that conservatives revere—corporate America, the military, organized religion, and their own ideological bastions of influence—will be able to escape scrutiny and increase their influence over American public life with relatively no challenge."[50]

On media bias[edit]

When he retired in December 2004, the AP News Service quoted Moyers as saying, "I'm going out telling the story that I think is the biggest story of our time: how the right-wing media has become a partisan propaganda arm of the Republican National Committee. We have an ideological press that's interested in the election of Republicans, and a mainstream press that's interested in the bottom line. Therefore, we don't have a vigilant, independent press whose interest is the American people."[51]

On Karl Rove and U.S. politics[edit]

"The Progressive Story of America" speech

On June 4, 2003, Moyers gave a speech at the "Take Back America" conference. In it, Moyers defined what he considered Karl Rove's influence on George W. Bush's administration. Moyers asserted that, from his reading of Rove, the mid-to-late 19th century was to Rove a "cherished period of American history." He further stated, "From his own public comments and my reading of the record, it is apparent that Karl Rove has modeled the Bush presidency on that of William McKinley ... and modeled himself on Mark Hanna, the man who virtually manufactured McKinley",[52][53][54] a man whose primary "passion" was attending to corporate and imperial power.

Furthermore, Moyers indicated that Hanna gathered support for McKinley's presidential campaign from "the corporate interests of the day" and was responsible for Ohio and Washington coming under the rule of "bankers, railroads and public utility corporations." He submitted that political opponents of this transfer of power were "smeared as disturbers of the peace, socialists, anarchists, or worse."[53][54]

Moyers also referred to what historian Clinton Rossiter called the period of "the great train robbery of American intellectual history," when "conservatives—or better, pro-corporate apologists" began using terms such as progress, opportunity, and individualism to make "...the plunder of America sound like divine right." He added that Charles Darwin's theory of evolution was also used by conservative politicians, judges, and publicists to justify the idea of a "natural order of things" as well as "the notion that progress resulted from the elimination of the weak and the 'survival of the fittest.'"[53][54][55]

He concludes, "This 'degenerate and unlovely age', as one historian calls it, exists in the mind of Karl Rove, the reputed brain of George W. Bush, as the seminal age of inspiration for the politics and governance of America today."[53][54]

Presidential draft initiative[edit]

On July 24, 2006, liberal political commentator Molly Ivins published an article entitled Run Bill Moyers for President, Seriously on the progressive website Truthdig.[56][57][58] Then in October 2006 Ralph Nader wrote an article supporting a Moyers candidacy.[59] There was no effect from the op-eds, and Moyers did not run.

Allegations of bias[edit]

Bush-appointee Corporation for Public Broadcasting chairman Kenneth Tomlinson was a regular critic of Moyers; in 2003, he wrote to Pat Mitchell, the president of PBS, that "[NOW with Bill Moyers] does not contain anything approaching the balance the law requires for public broadcasting."[60] In 2005, Tomlinson commissioned a study of the show, without informing or getting authorization from the CPB board.[61] Tomlinson said that the study supported what he characterized as "the image of the left-wing bias of NOW".[62] George Neumayr, the executive editor of The American Spectator, a conservative magazine, told the NewsHour with Jim Lehrer that "PBS looks like a liberal monopoly to me, and Bill Moyers is Exhibit A of that very strident left-wing bias... [Moyers] uses his show as a platform from which to attack conservatives and Republicans."[60]

Moyers, who left the show in 2004 before returning in 2007, replied to this by saying that his journalism showed "the actual experience of regular people is the missing link in a nation wired for everything but the truth." Moyers characterized Tomlinson as "an ally of Karl Rove and the right-wing monopoly's point man to keep tabs on public broadcasting." Tomlinson, he said, "found kindred spirits at the right-wing editorial board of The Wall Street Journal where the 'animal spirits of business' are routinely celebrated."[62] Moyers also responded to these accusations in a speech given to The National Conference for Media Reform, saying that he had repeatedly invited Tomlinson to debate him on the subject but had repeatedly been ignored.[63] He spoke about this again a few months later in a speech called "Democracy, Secrecy and Ideology" upon the 20th anniversary of the National Security Archive.[64]

Personal life[edit]

Moyers married Judith Suzanne Davidson (a producer) on December 18, 1954. They have three children and five grandchildren. His son William Cope Moyers (CNN producer, Hazelden Foundation spokesman) struggled to overcome alcoholism as detailed in the book Broken: My Story of Addiction and Redemption. He includes letters from Bill Moyers in his book, which he says are "a testament to a father's love for his son, a father's confusion with his son, and ultimately, a father's satisfaction with his son."[65] His other son, John Moyers, assisted in the foundation of TomPaine.com, "an online public affairs journal of progressive analysis and commentary."[66]

He and his wife live in Bernardsville, New Jersey.[67]

Works[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Former steering Committee Members - Bilderberg Group". Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Mimi Swartz, " The Mythic Rise of Billy Don Moyers: From Marshall, Texas, he set off on a heroic journey: to become LBJ’s protégé, the conscience of TV news, and the prophet of a brand-new faith," November 1989". Texas Monthly. Retrieved March 7, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Bill Moyers". The Museum of Broadcast Communications. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved May 15, 2008. 
  4. ^ a b "Bill Moyers Biographical Note". LBJ Library and Museum. Retrieved June 7, 2007. 
  5. ^ Johnson, David K. (2004). 7 The Lavender Scare. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 197pp. ISBN 0-226-40481-1. 
  6. ^ "US Dept Justice FBI Investigation 1975". USDOJ. 1975. Retrieved May 10, 2008. 
  7. ^ Hoover's men ran name checks on 15 of them, producing derogatory information on two (a traffic violation on one and a love affair on another) "Hoover's Political Spying for Presidents, TIME, 1975"
  8. ^ Dallek, Robert (2005). Lyndon B. Johnson: Portrait of a President. UK: Oxford University Press. p. 188. ISBN 0-19-515921-7. "When reporters on his campaign plane pressed him for a comment, he would only speak 'off the record.' 'What a way to win an election,' he said, 'Communists and cocksuckers.'" 
  9. ^ "US Senate Select Committee To Study Governmental Operations, With Respect To Intelligence Activities" (PDF). Archived from the original on May 28, 2008. Retrieved May 14, 2008. 
  10. ^ Silberman, Acting Deputy Attorney General in 1975, says Moyers called his office and said the document was a "phony CIA memo" but declined Silberman's offer to conduct an investigation to clear his name. ""Hoover's Institution," The Wall Street Journal, 2005" Moyers responded that Silberman's account of the conversation was at odds with his. "Removing J. Edgar's name, Robert Novak, CNN, 2005"
  11. ^ Robert Novak (December 1, 2005). "Removing J. Edgar's name". CNN. Retrieved February 23, 2009. 
  12. ^ "Letter to Bill Moyers from FBI – December 2, 1964" (PDF). The Washington Post. Retrieved February 23, 2009. 
  13. ^ Stephens, Joe (February 19, 2009). "Valenti's Sexuality Was Topic For FBI: Under Pressure, LBJ Let Hoover's Agents Investigate Top Aide". The Washington Post. pp. A01. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  14. ^ Barnes, Bart (May 30, 1998). "Barry Goldwater, GOP Hero, Dies". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 17, 2010. 
  15. ^ Fox, Margalit (June 17, 2008). "Tony Schwartz, Father of ‘Daisy Ad’ for the Johnson Campaign, Dies at 84". The New York Times. Retrieved January 17, 2010. 
  16. ^ Gibbons, William Conrad (1995). The U.S. Government and the Vietnam War: Executive and Legislative Roles and Relationships. Princeton University Press. pp. 69pp. ISBN 0-691-00635-0. 
  17. ^ "Booknotes: Flashbacks On Returning to Vietnam". booknotes.org. Retrieved February 28, 2009. "And Moyers was present during some of this showdown stuff about me being a Communist, clearly knew it was a bluff. As I say, there are limits, I think, even to being a good soldier. And even if one does, I think there is a time to come clean." 
  18. ^ Gunther, Marc (May 29, 1992). "Is ill will behind piece `60 Minutes' plans to do on PBS' Bill Moyers?". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 28, 2009. "Mr. Moyers wonders aloud whether his hard-hitting coverage of presidents Reagan and Bush has vexed Mr. Wallace and Mr. Safer, who, friends say, have become more politically conservative as they've grown older and wealthier." 
  19. ^ Anderson, Patrick (April 3, 1966). /gst/abstract.html?res=F10F16FE3A5411708DDDAA0894DC405B868AF1D3 "No. 2 Texan in the White House". The New York Times. pp. SM1. 
  20. ^ Simpson, James B. (1988). Simpson's Contemporary Quotations, No. 848. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-43085-2. [dead link]
  21. ^ Daniel Ellsberg, Secrets, 197f
  22. ^ a b Carr, David (December 17, 2004). "Moyers Leaves a Public Affairs Pulpit With Sermons to Spare". The New York Times. Retrieved June 4, 2007. 
  23. ^ a b c "Bill Moyers." Contemporary Heroes and Heroines, Book IV. Gale Group, 2000. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2010.
  24. ^ Gale Research (1998). Encyclopedia of World Biography. University of Michigan: Gale Research. p. 215. ISBN 0-7876-2551-5. 
  25. ^ "Bill Moyers." Newsmakers 1991, Issue Cumulation. Gale Research, 1991. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2010.
  26. ^ Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2010. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2010.
  27. ^ a b "The Press: How Much Independence?". Time. April 27, 1970. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  28. ^ Keeler, Robert F. (1990). Newsday: a candid history of the respectable tabloid. Morrow. pp. 460–61. ISBN 1-55710-053-5. 
  29. ^ "Newsday Goes For Nixon, But Moyers Balks". Chicago Tribune. October 17, 1968. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  30. ^ "Moyers Resigns Post at Newsday". The New York Times. May 13, 1970. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  31. ^ Raymont, Henry (March 13, 1970). "Newsday Employes Seek to Block Sale of the Paper". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Moyers, Bill: U.S. Broadcast Journalist". Museum of Broadcast Communications. Archived from the original on June 8, 2007. Retrieved June 7, 2007. 
  33. ^ a b Shister, Gail (April 18, 2006). "Opinions Differ on CBS News' Commentary Plan". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved June 7, 2007. [dead link]
  34. ^ "The Hero's Adventure". TV.com. Retrieved June 7, 2007. 
  35. ^ DVD: The Mythology of Star Wars with George Lucas and Bill Moyers. 1999. ISBN 978-0-7365-7936-0. 
  36. ^ "Madeline Amgott Dead: Pioneering Female TV News Producer Dies at 92". Variety. 2014-07-22. Retrieved 2014-08-14. 
  37. ^ Reviews/Television; Bill Moyers Examines Public Issues
  38. ^ A World of Ideas (1988, 1990)
  39. ^ Moyers, Bill. Bill Moyers' World of Ideas (in English). New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0385262787.  edit
  40. ^ Moyers, Bill. A World of Ideas II (in English). New York: Main Street Books. ISBN 0385416652.  edit
  41. ^ "Bill Moyers to leave PBS". USA Today. AP. February 19, 2004. Retrieved June 7, 2007. 
  42. ^ Lowry, Brian (April 20, 2007). "Bill Moyers Journal: Buying the War". Variety. Archived from the original on May 9, 2010. Retrieved May 2010. 
  43. ^ Jensen, Elizabeth (November 20, 2009). "Bill Moyers to Leave Weekly Television". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 23, 2009. Retrieved November 2009. 
  44. ^ Bill Moyers Returns to Public Television, but Not PBS
  45. ^ Bill Moyers, Host of New Public Television Series Moyers & Company, Keynote Speaker at APT Fall Marketplace 2011
  46. ^ Bill Moyers Is Back: A return to public broadcasting—but not to PBS
  47. ^ A Letter From Bill Moyers
  48. ^ "Television Hall of Fame Honorees: Complete List". 
  49. ^ "Bill Moyers to receive Lifetime Achievement Award at News & Documentary Emmy Awards" (Press release). National Television Academy. August 1, 2006. Retrieved June 7, 2007. 
  50. ^ a b "Bill Moyers is Insightful, Erudite, Impassioned, Brilliant and the Host of PBS' "NOW"". interview (BuzzFlash.com). October 28, 2003. Archived from the original on December 6, 2006. Retrieved December 18, 2006. 
  51. ^ Frazier Moore (2004). "Bill Moyers Retiring From TV Journalism". Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 12, 2007. Retrieved July 25, 2007. 
  52. ^ Everyday politics: reconnecting citizens and the public life. University of Pennsylvania Press. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  53. ^ a b c d "This is Your Story – The Progressive Story of America. Pass It On.". commondreams.org. Archived from the original on January 21, 2010. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  54. ^ a b c d "Scoop: Bill Moyers Address: "Take Back America"". scoop.co.nz. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  55. ^ "Moyers' accusation – Washington Times". findarticles.com. Retrieved February 15, 2010. [dead link]
  56. ^ "Ivins: Reality-based candidate – Jul 25, 2006". CNN. Retrieved February 16, 2010. 
  57. ^ Ivins, Molly (July 24, 2006). "Run Bill Moyers for President, Seriously". truthdig.com. Retrieved June 9, 2007. 
  58. ^ "Bill Moyers For President? Absolutely". cbsnews.com. July 28, 2006. Retrieved February 16, 2010. 
  59. ^ Nader, Ralph (October 28, 2006). "Bill Moyers For President". CommonDreams.org. Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved June 9, 2007. 
  60. ^ a b "Public Broadcasting Under Fire". NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. PBS. June 21, 2005. Retrieved February 14, 2010. 
  61. ^ Stephen Labaton, New York Times, "Ex-Chairman of Public Broadcasting Violated Laws, Inquiry Suggests", November 16, 2005.
  62. ^ a b Bode, Ken A. (September 1, 2005). "CPB Ombudsmen Reports: The Question Of "Balance"". Retrieved June 17, 2010. 
  63. ^ Moyers, Bill (May 15, 2005). "Bill Moyers' speech to the National Conference for Media Reform". FreePress.net. Archived from the original on July 4, 2007. Retrieved June 9, 2007. 
  64. ^ Moyers, Bill (December 9, 2005). "Bill Moyers' speech on the National Security Archive". Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  65. ^ "Moyers's memoir serves as a voice for recovery". Retrieved May 15, 2008. 
  66. ^ "TomPaine.common sense: About Us". Archived from the original on July 10, 2010. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  67. ^ Staff. "DWI FOR MOYERS", St. Paul Pioneer Press, August 3, 2002. Retrieved March 21, 2011. "Moyers, 68, of Bernardsville, N.J., who served as special assistant to President Lyndon Johnson and publisher of Newsday before turning to public TV in the '70s, was stopped by state police last Saturday in Arlington, Vt."

External links[edit]

Television productions[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
George Reedy
White House Press Secretary
1965–1966
Succeeded by
George Christian
Media offices
Preceded by
None
Host of NOW
2002–2005
Succeeded by
David Brancaccio