||This article has been nominated to be checked for its neutrality. (May 2013)|
|Eduard Albert "Billy" Meier|
|Born||Eduard Albert Meier
February 3, 1937
|Occupation||Author and Teacher|
"Billy" Eduard Albert Meier (born February 3, 1937) is a citizen of Switzerland who is the source of many controversial UFO photographs. He presents these photographs as evidence to support claims that he is in contact with extraterrestrials. In addition, he has also presented other controversial material during the 1970s such as metal samples, sound recordings and film-footage. Meier reports regular contact with extraterrestrials he calls the Plejaren (aliens from beyond the Pleiades) describing them as humanoid Nordic aliens.
A farmer born in the town of Bülach in the Swiss Lowlands, Meier joined the French Foreign Legion in his teens, but says he soon left and returned home. He traveled extensively around the world pursuing spiritual exploration, covering 42 countries over 12 years. In 1965, he lost his left arm in a bus accident in Turkey. In 1966 he met and married a Greek woman, Kalliope, with whom he has three children. The nickname "Billy" came by way of an American friend who thought Meier's cowboy style of dress reminded her of "Billy the Kid". This anecdote was told by Meier himself in an interview with Bob Zanotti of Swiss Radio International in June, 1982. (BZ, 1/08).
Meier has accumulated a large collection of controversial photographs showing alleged spaceships (called beamships) as well as alleged extraterrestrials, human beings called the Plejaren). Meier says that the Plejaren gave him permission to photograph and film their beamships in order to produce some of the evidence for extraterrestrial visitation. Meier's claims are both believed and disputed by UFO skeptics and enthusiasts.
"Billy" Eduard Albert Meier's claimed his first extraterrestrial contacts occurred in 1942 at the age of five with an elderly extraterrestrial human man named Sfath. Contacts with Sfath lasted until 1953. From 1953 to 1964, Meier's contacts continued with an extraterrestrial human woman from another universe named Asket. Meier says that after an eleven year break, contacts resumed again (beginning on January 28, 1975) with an extraterrestrial human woman named Semjase the granddaughter of Sfath.
He has claimed that he has also visited other worlds and planets along with another uinverse with these extraterrestrials. Meier claims that he was instructed to transcribe his conversations with the various extraterrestrials, most of which have been published in the German language. These books are referred to as the Contact Notes (or Contact Reports). Currently, there are eleven published volumes of the Contact Reports (titled Plejadisch-Plejarische Kontaktberichte). Some of the Contact Reports were translated into English, extensively edited and expurgated, and published in the out-of-print four-volume set Message from the Pleiades by Meier case investigator Wendelle Stevens. There are also many contact reports translated into English (unedited) by Benjamin Stevens.
Meier's discussions with the Plejarens are highly detailed and wide-ranging, dealing with subjects ranging from spirituality and the afterlife to the dangers of mainstream religions, human history, science and astronomical phenomena, ecology and environmental dangers, in addition to prophecies of future historic trends and events.
An additional aspect of the Meier case is the highly controversial book the Talmud Jmmanuel. It is said to be the translation of ancient Aramaic scrolls that were discovered by Meier and a colleague in Jerusalem in 1963. The book claims to be the original teachings and life events of the man named Jmmanuel (called Jesus Christ by historians and Christians). Extensive study has been made of the book by James Deardorff.
The photographs and films 
Some of the most important evidence for Meier's claims come from his large collection of photographs. These include images of metallic discs floating above the Swiss countryside, the 1975 docking of Apollo-Soyuz, pictures of celestial objects from a non-Earthly vantage point, pictures of apparent extraterrestrials, prehistoric Earthly scenes, and scenes of a devastated future.
In 1978, the photographs, films, sound recordings and Meier himself were the subject of six years of investigation by Lt Col Wendelle Stevens (ret.) and an American team of analytic experts (see documentary "Contact"). Stephens, et al., employed a wide range of investigative techniques such as photogrammetric and computer analysis of photographs, tonal and dynamic analysis of recorded sounds, recreation of models, and extensive lie-detector tests on Meier and his acquaintances. Stephens findings were largely supportive of Meier's claims. Stephens himself thought the case was genuine, but his findings were largely ignored by the UFO community, most notably MUFON, perhaps for political reasons or perhaps because of his refusal to hand over any of the evidence to the impromptu skeptics groups out of fear of tampering or theft.
Some UFO researchers such as Stanton Friedman and Jacques Vallée publicly dismiss the Meier case., while others believe the Meier case to be the most thoroughly researched and validated UFO case in our history. Some critics have provided examples of faked photos similar to what Meier produced and have pointed out that some of his photos correspond to scenes that were subsequently found in science fiction books, paintings and television programs. Meier claims that some of his photos were altered by intelligence agencies and slipped into his collection in order to discredit his UFO testimony. Professional skeptic Kal Korff has been particularly vociferous in dismissing the Meier case, pointing to proof of Meier's fakery obviated by finding light-direction and focal discrepancies consistent with cut-and-paste and model techniques.
Photographic analysis was performed on Meier's photographs and films in the late 1970s when Meier first started to publish his photographs. In a report titled "Prelimary Photo Analysis" written by Design Technology of Poway, California (contractor with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the US Navy) signed by Physicist Neil M. Davis (1978), it contained test results from the analysis of one of the controversial photographs taken by Meier. Using microscopic examination, density contour plots, examination for evidence of double exposure, photo paste-up, model at short range suspended on a string etc. They state "Nothing was found to indicate a hoax" and concluded "Nothing was found in the examination of the print which could cause me to believe that the object in the photo is anything other than a large object photographed a distance from the camera." They also recommended that the print was a second generation photograph and a more detailed analysis of the photo can only properly be made on the original film.
Recreations of Meier's images were created by photographic effects specialist and stop-motion animator Alan Friswell, for the June, 2005 issue of Fortean Times magazine. Friswell had employed techniques used in the pre-digital age of film special effects, as modern processes would, in Friswell's opinion, have been "unsporting". Using "old fashioned" tricks, such as foreground miniatures and photographic cutouts, Friswell crafted copies of Meier's UFO pictures, but claimed that his pictures did not in any way confirm that Meier was a hoaxer, as without personal experience of the events, he had no right to draw conclusive opinions one way or the other.
Meier's relationship with his wife Kalliope ended acrimoniously and in 1997 Kalliope stated in an interview that the UFO in the photos looked like models that Meier had made himself with items like trash can lids, carpet tacks and other household objects, and that the stories he told of his adventures with the aliens had been entirely fictitious. She agreed when asked by an interviewer that the infamous "wedding-cake" UFO looked like the lid to a trash barrel. She has also claimed that one of the pictures taken of an "extraterrestrial female" was actually an acquaintance covered in tanning foil. Also, she claimed that photos of the extraterrestrial women Asket and Nera were really photos two of the The Golddiggers, dancers Michelle Della Fave and Susan Lund. These photographs were among a series of photos that had apparently been tampered with. Michelle Della Fave alleges that pictures of her were illegally used by Billy Meier to support his claims of having been visited by female extraterrestrials. Close examination of the photos of Michelle Della Fave and the photos of extraterrestrials Asket and Nera reveals distinct differences in the facial structures of the women.
In a report titled "Analysis of the Wedding Cake UFO", an independent researcher attempts to determine the size of the UFO in one of Meier's photographs by analyzing the reflections of surrounding objects on the metallic surface of the UFO. With the aid of 3D modelling computer software ("Blender"), satellite imagery and a scale model of Meier's property, they determined that the UFO in the picture is an object greater than 3 meters in diameter. 
The metal samples 
In a video titled "Contact: An Investigation Into the Extraterrestrial Experiences of Eduard Meier" a metallurgist's examination of Billy Meier's metal revealed: "We have little marker bars here that we can line up on each peak as they come up. This one indicates that we have silver there. Over here, let's see, we've got some copper. A small amount of copper. That looks about all that's in here at the moment."
In 1979 Meier sent Marcel Vogel, a chemist working at IBM, crystal and metal samples Meier claimed to have received from the Plejarens. Vogel examined these samples with a scanning electron microscope and reported; "When I touched the oxide with a stainless steel probe, red streaks appeared and the oxide coating disappeared. I just touched the metal ... and it started to deoxidize and become a pure metal. I have never seen a phenomenon like that before." Vogel also claimed that another metal sample he examined contained nearly every element in the periodic table stating; "Each pure element was bonded to each of the others, yet somehow retained its own identity." At 2500 X Vogel claims the sample was, "... metal, but at the same time ... it is crystal!"
And here is a piece of text transcribed from a video file from an interview of Vogel: It's a very unusual combination from an metallurgical standpoint. I've shown these to metallurgists and they shake their heads. The most unusual thing you'll see, purity of these metals in adjacency to one another without their cross contamination. They're very sensitive to marking, the soonest I've exposed them to intense light from my microscope the metal oxidizes very rapidly and just breaks down. I've never seen that.
On the right side there are two screen captures from the same video file, front view and rear view of one of the three samples he claims he received.
In Wendell Stevens' book UFO Contact from the Pleiades: A Preliminary Investigation Report (1982), page 424: "Looking at the piece by X-ray diffraction, for elemental analysis, he found a single element deposit of Thulium (Tm, Atomic Number 69, Atomic Weight 168.934), a rare transition element in the Lanthide series, and also of Rhenium (Re, Atomic Number 75, Atomic Weight 186.2), another rare metal". Further down the page is also the following paragraph: "Looking at that part spectrographically, the Thulium, remarkably, showed only the primary band spike for that element - no secondary bands existed. All of the elements examined spectrographically had missing bands in their spectra, which should have been there if they were normal spectra. This indicates that the elements are put together in a very unusual way from normal Earth technology. The spectrographic bands are entirely different, beyond what one would consider an isotope. The bands showed a very high elemental purity and no secondary bands and no catalyst. Most of the specimens studied showed the same un-Earthly characteristics." Due to the disappearance of the metal samples and no peer review process being adhered to, it is not possible to scientifically verify Vogel's claims today. On page 426 is an explanation of the disappearance of the specimen: "... the specimen was being carried on Dr. Vogel's person, in a small plastic envelope, to Ames Research Laboratories for still more exotic tests, when the metal specimen simply disappeared leaving the envelope completely undisturbed."
The Independent Investigations Group (IIG) analyzed the data from Marcel Vogel presented in the 1985 video Beamship: The Metal Analysis and in Wendell Steven's book mentioned above. The IIG concluded the following: the element found was Aluminum and not Thulium, the evidence for the presence of all elements in the sample is in fact Bremsstrahlung radiation with no bearing on element composition, the structure that suggests exotic micro-manipulation can be found on the surface of metals machined by ordinary cutting tools in a machine shop, and the evidence of crystal birefringence detected using Nomarski and Cross-Polarized microscopy can be reproduced by the topography of a simple metal structure with no birefringence associated to it. The IIG did not find data supporting the presence of Rhenium or any other rare earth element.
The sound recordings 
Another controversial aspect of Meier's claims of contacts is the sound recordings he claims to have made of UFOs.
On April 14, 1976, Meier claimed to have made a six-minute sound recording of a UFO in flight that was at the same time being pursued by a Swiss Army Mirage Jet fighter. In the documentary "Contact", Wendelle Stevens and his investigation team received a copy of this controversial sound recording from Meier and subsequently sent it off for analysis to various sound laboratories in the United States. One of the sound engineers reported:
- Naval Under Sea Sound Center in Groton, Connecticut "They first identified all sounds not originating from the target object. Three conventional aircrafts were detected, two of which were propeller driven. The third was a single-engine jet. Frequency graphs were prepared and a match was looked for in the 'sound bank' archives... The third airplane was a Mirage single-engine jet fighter. No unusual characteristics were detected with respect to the conventional aircraft sounds. Additional background noises detected included a small barking dog, a crow cawing, an European police siren, and some clicks and vibrations, possibly the clicking of the shutter on the camera. No match was ever found in the 'sound bank' for the target sounds of the spacecraft in this study."
Reported attempts on Meier's life 
In a television interview conducted by Nippon Television (Japan) in 1980, Meier and Stevens recount of a life-threatening event. They recount that at the evening time of May 10, 1980 10:01 pm while Stevens was investigating on-site at Meier's property, a gunshot was fired and a bullet had nearly hit them. It had missed Meier's head by only 8 inches. In this interview, they reenacted the events that transpired that night, showing the remains of the bullet they found later that evening and how it landed on a concrete wall directly behind the couch they were sitting on. Meier claims in this interview that this had not been the first attempt on his life. Meier further claims of two other incidents on the interview, one occurring in Hinwill in the Winter time between 7 and 8 pm where a bullet was shot through his office window, nearly missing his head and the other at 4 am in the morning where he was shot in the chest area.
Books and contact notes 
Billy Meier has authored approximately 40 books and additionally has compiled over 6000 pages of contact notes, all of which are available in German. Although there are only very few books that have been translated into English, the Goblet of the Truth is available in English for free as a PDF.
- "Spaceships of the Pleiades: The Billy Meier Story - book reviews".[dead link]
- "UFO" Photos by the IIG and Billy Meier
- Benjamin Stevens
- Stevens 1989
- Sheaffer 1998, p. 34
- Billy Meier 101
- Korff 1995, pp. 245–247
- Korff 1995, pp. 297, 307–309
- Korff 1995, pp. 169–193, 208–213, 245–247
- Stevens 1982, pp. 277
- Stevens 1989, pp. 457–459
- Nippon Television, Genesis III (1986) "The Meier Chronicles", film 61:01
Further reading 
- Kinder, Gary (1987) Light Years: An Investigation into the Extraterrestrial Experiences of Eduard MeierISBN 0-87113-139-0
- Moosbrugger, Guido. And Still They Fly ISBN 0-9711523-1-4
- Meier, Eduard Albert, Through Space and Time: A Photo Journal of Billy Eduard Albert Meier ISBN 0-9711523-5-7
- Stevens, Wendelle C., Message from the Pleiades, Vol. 1: The Contact Notes of Eduard Billy Meier ISBN 0-934269-14-9
- Stevens, Wendelle C., Message from the Pleiades, Vol. 2: The Contact Notes of Eduard Billy Meier ISBN 0-934269-24-6
- Stevens, Wendelle C., Message from the Pleiades, Vol. 3: The Contact Notes of Eduard Billy Meier ISBN 0-934269-28-9
- Stevens, Wendelle C., Message from the Pleiades, Vol. 4: The Contact Notes of Eduard Billy Meier ISBN 0-934269-30-0
- Stevens, Wendelle (1982). UFO Contact from the Pleiades: A Preliminary Investigation Report. UFO Photo Archives. ISBN 0-9608558-2-3.
- Stevens, Wendelle (1989). UFO Contact from the Pleiades: A Supplementary Investigation Report. UFO Photo Archives. ISBN 0-9608558-4-X.
- Stevens, Wendelle C., and Lee Elders, UFO... Contact from the Pleiades, Volume 1 ISBN 0-937850-02-0
- Sheaffer, Robert (1998). UFO Sightings: The Evidence. Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-57392-213-7.
- Stuttaford, Andrew (2003-01-17). "Spirits in the Sky". National Review. Archived from the original on 2007-06-02. Retrieved 2007-05-01.
- Ortega, Tony (1998-03-05). "The Hack and the Quack". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved 2007-05-01.
- Talmud Jmmanuel: The Clear Translation in English and German (Isa Rashid, Eduard Meier, J. H. Ziegler & B. L. Greene): ISBN 978-0-9711523-3-5
- In Search of Truth & Freedom (Dietmar Rothe), ISBN 0-9677453-2-2
- King of Travelers: Jesus Lost Years In India (Edward T. Martin): ISBN 0-9672408-3-2
- The Meier Contacts: The Key To Our Future Survival (Michael Horn) (2004) (video)
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (August 2010)|
- Steelmark Books (English Billy Meier Publisher)
- Michael Horn - Exploring the Billy Meier UFO Contacts
- James Moore's Meier Wiki - The Largest Collection of English-language Contact Reports
- Michael Horn's guest appearance on Paranormalis
- James Deardorff's Talmud Jmmanuel Website
- Bibliography of English-language materials
- The Billy Meier UFO Case Investigation
- Billy Meier biography, tales and evidence
- In Which A. W. (UK) fakes a UFO photograph just like Meier's