Billy Sanders

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For the US Navy sailor, see Billy C. Sanders.
Billy Sanders
Billy Sanders.jpg
Personal information
Nationality  Australia
Date of birth (1955-09-09)9 September 1955
Place of birth    Sydney, New South Wales
Date of death    23 April 1985(1985-04-23) (aged 29)
Place of death    Ipswich, England
Current club information
Career status Deceased
Career history
Ipswich Witches
Birmingham Brummies
Hull Vikings
King's Lynn Stars
1972-1980, 1983-1985
1979
1981
1982
Individual honours
Australian Champion

Pride of the Midlands winner
NSW State Champion

Australasian Champion
Australian Masters winner
North Arm Classic winner
1978, 1980, 1981, 1982,
1983, 1985
1975
1977, 1978, 1979, 1980
1981, 1982, 1984, 1985
1979, 1980
1984, 1985
1985
Team honours
World Team Cup
British League Champion
British League KO Cup winner
British League Pairs Champion
1976
1975, 1976, 1984
1976, 1978
1976, 1977

William Robert "Billy" Sanders (9 September 1955 - 23 April 1985)[1] was an Australian international Speedway rider who won six Australian Championships and was a five time Speedway World Championship finalist with a career best second place in West Germany in 1983.

Early life and Family[edit]

Billy Sanders was born in the Windsor Private Hospital in Sydney to Bill and Bonnie Sanders on 9 September 1955. He attended Rooty Hill High School and with a group of friends joined the local country fire service. When life at school became boring, Billy and his mates would sneak out during recess and light a scrub fire in the neighbouring paddocks, then return to school and wait for the siren to signal that the school was closed for the day because of the fire.[2]

Australian Speedway[edit]

Billy Sanders bought his first speedway bike from a man named Bruce Gardner. The bike was one previously owned by five time Australian champion Aub Lawson and Sanders used it to hone his skills at the Nepean Speedway in Sydney's north-west during 1969/70. He then went on to make his competition debut at the Liverpool Speedway in Sydney in early 1971, quickly becoming a crowd favourite. He also competed at Sydney's other major speedway, the famous Sydney Showground Speedway against riders such as Australian and NSW Champion Jim Airey. A regular competitor at both Liverpool and the Showground, Sanders would consider both speedway's as his home tracks.

Sanders first made Australian speedways fans take notice by finishing in third place in the 1973 Australian Championship held at the Sydney Showground when he was only 18 years old behind winner John Boulger from Adelaide and fellow Sydney rider John Langfield. He again finished third in both 1976 and 1977 before winning the first of a then record six Australian Championships at Claremont Speedway in Perth. He would also win the Aussie title in 1980 (Sydney Showground), 1981 (Brisbane Exhibition Ground), 1982 (Claremont) and 1983 (Speedway Park, Adelaide, where he famously told the unruly crowd that after the reception he got he might consider changing nationalities. He told the crowd to "Get Stuffed" at the end of his victory speech while being booed unfairly following the unpopular decision to exclude crowd favourite Phil Crump in their heat clash, costing Crump the title). His run ended in 1984 when he finished second to local hero Crump at Olympic Park in Mildura, a track Sanders had previously admitted was the one Aussie track he never quite came to grips with.[3]

Billy Sanders regained his Australian crown and won his sixth and last Australian Championship in 1985 at the Pioneer Park Speedway in Ayr in Queensland, where he would reverse the previous years result by defeating Crump, with Queensland's Stan Bear finishing third. Sadly, this was to be Sanders last Australian championship win as he died in England three months later. The Australian Speedway Championship now incorporates the "Billy Sanders Memorial Trophy" in recognition of his six championship wins. His record of six national championship wins stood until 2003 when Victoria's Leigh Adams won his seventh title. Adams would go on to record another 3 title wins taking the record number to 10 wins.

Sanders also had a virtual stranglehold on the NSW State Championship, and would win all of his record eight titles from 1977 until 1985, with the exception of 1983 when the title wasn't held. He also won the 1984 and 1985 Australian Masters titles at his home track at Liverpool. Both Masters finals were held over 10 laps and included the top 10 riders at the meetings. He also won the North Arm Classic at the North Arm Speedway in Adelaide (his first appearance in Adelaide since his infamous speech at the 1983 Aussie title). It would prove to be his last appearance in Adelaide and his only time at the tight North Arm track.

Billy Sanders won the Australasian Championship in 1979 at the Rowley Park Speedway in Adelaide, and again in 1980 at the Ruapuna Speedway in Templeton, New Zealand.

England[edit]

Billy Sanders was signed by Ipswich Witches Manager/promoter John Berry in 1972 at the age of 16 and stayed with them until 1980. There he was British League Champion in both 1975 and 1976 and finished in third place in 1974. He was also British League KO Cup winner in both 1976 and 1978 and was the British League Pairs Champion in 1976 and 1977 paired with John Louis. Sanders also won the Pride of the Midlands trophy in 1975 at the Monmore Green speedway in Wolverhampton.

In 1979 Sanders not only rode for the Witches, but also for the Birmingham Brummies. He would leave Ipswich in 1981, signing for the Hull Vikings who rode at the 380 metres (420 yards) speedway at The Boulevard. In 1982 he rode for the King's Lynn Stars before returning to Ipswich from in 1983 helping the Witches to finish runners up in the 1983 British League before going one better for his third and final British Speedway League Championship in 1984. He would also win a third and final League KO Cup title in 1984 with Ipswich.

Sanders continued to ride for the Ipswitch Witches until his untimely death in April 1985 at the age of just 29.

International career[edit]

Sanders teamed with fellow Aussie Phil Crump to finish in fourth place in his first ever World Final appearance at the 1976 Speedway World Pairs Championship held in Eskilstuna, Sweden. He would then represent Australia at the 1976 Speedway World Team Cup at London's White City Stadium. Along with team captain John Boulger, Billy joined Phil Crump, Phil Herne and reserve Garry Middleton to win his only World championship as Australia scored 31 points (Sanders scored 7) to defeat Poland (28), Sweden (26), and the Soviet Union (11).

He first qualified for the Speedway World Championship final in 1977 at the Ullevi Stadium in Göteborg, Sweden finishing in ninth place with 7 points. Fellow Aussie John Boulger finished 12th with 5 points. He also again teamed with Crump in the 1977 World Pairs Championship finishing in seventh and last place at Hyde Road in Manchester. Sanders had a disappointing World Pairs final at Hyde Road, finishing with just 2 points from his five rides. He retired from his first race, again failed to finish his second, was excluded from his third, before scoring two third place and one last place finish in his final three rides.

He missed out on qualifying for the 1978 final at the Wembley Stadium after only finishing 8th in the Australasian Final in Auckland, but qualified for the 1979 World Final in Poland and finished in a strong fourth place. Sanders finished on 11 points along with England's emerging star Michael Lee, American Kelly Moran and defending champion Ole Olsen from Denmark, with the four riders racing in a run-off for third and fourth places. Lee won the run-off from Sanders, Moran and Olsen.

Sanders finished in third place in the 1980 Individual Speedway World Championship, again in Göteborg, behind English pair Michael Lee and Dave Jessup. Despite winning the Australian title in 1981 and 1982, Sanders would fail to qualify for either the 1981 or 1982 World Finals.

In 1982 Sanders would again represent Australia in the World Pairs Championship, this time held at his home track of Liverpool in Sydney, the first time any official Speedway World Championship final had been held in Australia (an unofficial Individual World Championship had been held at the Sydney Showground in 1933). Teaming with fellow Liverpool rider and runner up to Sanders in the Australian Championship Gary Guglielmi, the pair finished in a disappointing fourth place after being among the favourites before the meeting.

Billy Sanders finished in a best ever second place at the 1983 Individual World Championship held in Norden, West Germany, behind local favourite Egon Müller. Despite being in good form going into the World Final, Sanders was expected to challenge for what was called the most open Final in years as defending champion Bruce Penhall had retired from the sport and the pair who had dominated the sport in the 1970's Ivan Mauger and Ole Olsen were at the end of their careers and considered past their best (Mauger failed to qualify in 1983 while Olsen appeared in his last World Final). Müller was unbeaten in his five rides for a 15 point maximum while Sanders was second with 12 points with two wins and three second place finishes, 1980 champion Michael Lee finished third on 11 points with three wins, one second, and one last place finish.

He also represented Australia again at the World Pairs Final held in Gothenburg, and again teamed with Guglielmi after Phil Crump had declined to ride in the meeting. Sanders and Gugliemi finished in second place in the World Pairs, giving him a rare second place double in the 1983 Speedway World Finals. Billy was the form rider at the World Pairs Final, winning five of his six rides. His second last ride, against an out of form West German team (Müller and Karl Maier), saw him lead into the first turn, only to fall and cause the race to be stopped. As the reason for the stoppage, Sanders was excluded by the referee of the meeting, Australian Sam Bass, with Gugliemi winning the re-run from Maier and Müller. Had Sanders not fallen, its likely he would have gone on to win the race with Gugliemi finishing second (Gugliemi was second going into the turn). This would have seen Australia win the championship, instead of finishing just one point behind the England pairing of Peter Collins and Kenny Carter. Ironically, earlier in the meeting Bass had allowed Collins to re-start Heat 10 against Denmark's Erik Gundersen and Hans Nielsen after he had also fallen in the first turn, with video evidence suggesting that like Sanders, Collins simply misjudged the slick track and fell. Had Collins been excluded, the two points he gained from the heat would have been gone and Australia would have had its first World Pairs Championship win.

Billy Sanders qualified for the 1984 Individual World Final, again held in Gothenburg. This was to be his last World Final and it ended in disappointment as Sanders finished in eleventh place, scoring just five points from his five rides. At the time, Sanders held the 4 lap track record at Ullevi, which along with his 1983 form had seen him as one of the favourites for the title. For the third year in a row he would team with Guglielmi in the World Pairs Final, this time held in Lonigo, Italy, though they were unable to repeat or better their 1983 second place finish and slipped to fifth place.[4]

Death[edit]

Sanders committed suicide at his home in Ipswich. At the time he was suffering serious financial difficulties and had recently split from his wife (who would later cut all ties with the Sanders family and would marry Gary Guglielmi). His body was identified by Ipswich promoter John Berry, who had acted as Sanders legal guardian when he had joined the Witches as a 16 year old in 1972. Berry would later call it his worst off track experience in speedway. The lesson at his funeral was read by former World Champion Bruce Penhall, who was a close personal friend and the godfather of Sanders' two children, son Dean and daughter Belinda. His ashes were flown back to Australia where they are buried in Sydney.[5]

In a tragic twist, Sanders son Dean, who was 10 years old and attending school in Ipswich less than 10 miles from home at the time of his fathers death, would later commit suicide himself.

The inaugural Billy Sanders Memorial was held on 20 February 1988 at the Sydney Showground Speedway. Bruce Penhall, who retired from racing after winning the 1982 World Final, came out of retirement for the meeting for a series of match races with legendary six time World Speedway Champion Ivan Mauger.

The winner of the Australian Solo Championship now receives the Billy Sanders Memorial Trophy.

World Final Appearances[edit]

Individual World Championship[edit]

World Pairs Championship[edit]

World Team Cup[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oakes, P (1982). Daily Mirror 1982 Speedway Yearbook. Studio Publications (Ipswich) Ltd. ISBN 0-86215-072-8
  2. ^ A Tribute to Billy Sanders
  3. ^ "Riders chase Sanders trophy". Speedway World. Retrieved 2008-11-03. 
  4. ^ Bamford, R. & Shailes, G. (2002). A History of the World Speedway Championship. Stroud: Tempus Publishing. ISBN 0-7524-2402-5
  5. ^ History 1985, Ipswitch Witches website, URL retrieved 30 December 2006