Billy Thorpe

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This article is about the Australian musician. For further details of his band, see Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs.
Billy Thorpe
BillyThorpe1972.jpg
Thorpe performing "Most People I Know"
on ABC-TV's GTK, 1972
Background information
Birth name William Richard Thorpe
Also known as Little Rock Allen
Puff'n Billy
Born (1946-03-29)29 March 1946
Origin Manchester, Greater Manchester, England
Died 28 February 2007(2007-02-28) (aged 60)
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Genres Rock, pop
Occupations Musician
Producer
Writer
Years active 1956–2007
Labels Atlantic, Festival, Mushroom, Liberation
Associated acts Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs
Website Official site

William Richard "Billy" Thorpe,[1] AM (29 March 1946 – 28 February 2007) was a renowned English-born Australian pop / rock singer-songwriter and musician.[2] As lead singer of his band Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs, he had success in the 1960s with "Blue Day", "Poison Ivy", "Over the Rainbow", "Sick and Tired", and "Mashed Potato"; and in the 1970s with "Most People I Know Think That I'm Crazy".[2][3] Featuring in concerts at Sunbury Pop Festivals and Myer Music Bowl in the early 1970s, the Aztecs also developed the pub rock scene and were one of the loudest groups in Australia.[2][4][5]

Thorpe also performed as a solo artist; he relocated to the United States from 1976 to 1996 where he released the space opera Children of the Sun,[2] which peaked in the top 40 of the Billboard Pop Album chart in 1979.[6] He worked with ex-Aztec Tony Barber to form a soft toy company in 1987 and co-wrote stories for The Puggle Tales and Tales from the Lost Forests.[7][8] Thorpe also worked as a producer and composed music scores for TV series including War of the Worlds, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Columbo, Eight Is Enough and Hard Time on Planet Earth.[2][9]

Thorpe returned to Australia in 1996 and continued as a performer and producer, additionally he authored two autobiographies, Sex and Thugs and Rock 'n' Roll (1996) and Most People I Know (Think That I'm Crazy) (1998).[7] According to Australian rock music historian Ian McFarlane, "Thorpie evolved from child star, beat pop sensation and cuddly pop crooner to finally emerge as the country's wildest and heaviest blues rocker [...] Thorpie was the unassailable monarch of Australian rock music".[2] Thorpe was inducted into the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) Hall of Fame in 1991.[10][11] He died of a myocardial infarction in February 2007 and was posthumously appointed a Member of the Order of Australia in June for his contribution to music as a musician, songwriter and producer.[12][13]

Early life[edit]

Billy Thorpe was born in 1946 in Manchester England. His parents and he emigrated to Australia in 1955, arriving in Melbourne, Victoria and then settling in Brisbane, Queensland.[2][4] He performed as a ten-year-old under the pseudonym Little Rock Allen.[2][4][5] Six months later, after he was heard singing and playing guitar by a television producer, Thorpe made regular musical appearances on Queensland television.[2][4] He toured regional venues with Reg Lindsay in 1961, and national venues with Johnny O'Keefe and with Col Joye.[2][4] By 1963, as an experienced singer and musician, he decided to relocate to Sydney.[2][4]

Success in Sydney[edit]

In 1963, Thorpe moved to Sydney and auditioned for a regular gig at Surf City, a popular beat music venue in the city's Kings Cross area.[2][4] In 1996, Thorpe wrote his first autobiography, Sex and thugs and rock 'n' roll : a year in Kings Cross 1963–1964, on his early experiences there.[2][7] His backing band was an accomplished Sydney surf instrumental group called The Aztecs, comprising Colin Baigent (drums), Val Jones (rhythm guitar), Vince Melouney (aka Vince Maloney) (lead guitar, vocals), and John "Bluey" Watson (bass guitar).[14] Before Thorpe joined, The Aztecs had released "Smoke and Stack", a surf instrumental.[2] UK-born Tony Barber (rhythm guitar, vocals) soon replaced Jones and they were known as Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs.[2][4][14]

In 1964, the band released their second single, "Blue Day", written by guitarist Barber,[4][15] which contains the first known recording of Thorpe.[2] US songwriters Leiber and Stoller wrote "Poison Ivy" for R&B vocal group The Coasters, but Thorpe preferred the cover version by The Rolling Stones.[2] They decided to cover it themselves; it was produced at Festival Records and released on the independent Linda Lee label.[16] It became their breakthrough hit when it peaked at #1 on the local Sydney charts.[2][4] The band was signed by Ted Albert to his newly established Albert Productions, a local record label devoted exclusively to recording Australian pop artists.[16] Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs had national chart success, their record sales and concert attendances rivalling those of The Beatles,[2][4] with hits like "Mashed Potato", "Sick and Tired" and Wizard of Oz tune "Over the Rainbow" in the top ten of the record charts in most state capitals.[2][5]

The original Aztecs lineup split from Thorpe at the beginning of 1965 over a financial dispute, so he created another set,[2] with Johnny Dick (drums), Mike Downes (rhythm guitar, vocals), Colin Risbey (lead guitar, vocals), Jimmy Taylor (piano), Teddy Toi (bass guitar), Tony Buchanan (saxophone) and Rocky Thomas (brass).[2][14] This lineup achieved further success with pop ballads such as "I Told the Brook", "Twilight Time" and "Love Letters".[2][4] On 27 March 1966, Sydney TV station ATN-7 debuted a music show, It's All Happening!, hosted by Thorpe with the Aztecs as the house band.[2][4][5] Each one-hour episode featured both Australian and international musical guests. Despite the TV exposure, later singles did not chart and when the show ended its run in early 1967, the Aztecs broke up.[2][17] Thorpe undertook a brief solo career, he released "Dream Baby" (Roy Orbison cover), in October 1967 but it had no chart success.[2] During 1968 he modified his image to display long hair, moustache and a fringed jacket; he formed a new backing band with Dick, Mick Liber (guitar) and Dave McTaggert (bass guitar) who was quickly replaced by Paul Wheeler.[2][14] By August, Dick and Liber had left, and Thorpe relocated to Melbourne.[2]

Melbourne[edit]

In August 1968 Thorpe had moved to Melbourne with Paul Wheeler (bass guitar) and Jimmy Thompson (drums), Thorpe took up lead guitar as well as lead vocals.[2][4][5] As a trio they became the next version of Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs.[2] By December, former Purple Hearts and Wild Cherries guitarist Lobby Loyde joined.[2][14] Thorpe had recorded no new material for over two years, but he emerged after a spell of bankruptcy in 1969, with "Good Mornin' Little School Girl", a Willie Dixon cover, as a single in March 1970.[2] With the encouragement of Loyde, Thorpe's 'new' Aztecs developed a heavier sound and established themselves as one of Australia's premier hard rock groups.[17] By July, Warren `Pig' Morgan (piano, vocals) had joined and the band recorded, The Hoax Is Over, which was released in January 1971.[2][14] Loyde left to reform Wild Cherries (later called Lobby Loyde & the Coloured Balls).[2][14] After further releases the Aztecs had accrued a considerable reputation in the southern states and became known as one of the loudest acts on the local concert and pub circuit.[2][4][5] Thorpe described the sound:

[It was] like we were standing on a pair of Boeing 747 engines. It cracked the foundations and broke windows in neighbouring buildings.[5]

—Billy Thorpe

In 1972, the band played two pivotal gigs, first was the Sunbury Pop Festival in January,[2] which featured the debut of Thorpe's self-penned anthem,[1] "Most People I Know Think That I'm Crazy".[2] Thorpe now had a ponytail, T-shirt, full beard, played guitar and encouraged the Sunbury crowd to "Suck more piss".[2][5][17] The #2 hit single[3] returned the Aztecs to national prominence.[2][5] The second major gig was their show at the Sidney Myer Music Bowl during the Moomba Festival in March, which resulted in an estimated 200,000 people filling the park,[2] and forced police to close roads around the venue. Later that year, they released Aztecs Live! At Sunbury, which peaked at #4 in September.[3] Ex-Copperwine blues singer Wendy Saddington had top 30 chart success with her 1972 solo single, "Looking Through a Window",[3] which was written and produced by Thorpe and Morgan of the Aztecs.[17][18] The two Aztecs combined for Downunda which was released in 1973 under the names, Thump'n Pig (Morgan) and Puff'n Billy (Thorpe);[17] with the related single, "Captain Straightman", both album and single peaked into the top 40 of the relevant charts.[3] Saddington had provided vocals and co-wrote a track for the album.[17]

In March 1973, The Who's rock opera Tommy was performed as an orchestral version in Australia with Thorpe in the role of the Local Lad performing Pinball Wizard.[19] Other Australian artists were Daryl Braithwaite (as Tommy), Wendy Saddington, Doug Parkinson, Broderick Smith, Jim Keays, Colleen Hewett, Linda George, Ross Wilson, Bobby Bright, and Ian Meldrum (as Uncle Ernie in Sydney).[19]

After more line-up changes Thorpe dissolved the Aztecs early in 1975, as a solo artist he recorded Million Dollar Bill,[17] which peaked into the top 40, with its top 50 single "Its Almost Summer";[3] and Pick Me Up & Play Me Loud in 1976.[3][17] Both albums showed another change in style, they were a mix of Adult-orientated Rock, funk and country.[2] In December 1976, he relocated to Los Angeles in the United States,[2][17][20] although he returned to Australia periodically to tour with varied line-ups of the Aztecs.[2][17]

United States[edit]

From December 1976, Thorpe continued his musical career in the US, by 1979 he released his solo space opera, Children of the Sun,[4][5] which peaked into the top 40 of the Billboard Pop Album chart,[6] and top 50 in Australia.[3] The related single, "Children of the Sun" peaked into the top 50 of the Billboard Singles chart.[21] He released three more studio albums while living in the US, with 21st Century Man (1980) peaking on the Bilboard Pop Album chart top 200.[6] "In My Room" from 21st Century Man had top ten chart success in Canada.[2] Other US-based releases were Stimulation (1981) and East Of Eden's Gate (1982).[2]

In 1984, Thorpe stopped performing live music, he had started an electronics consulting company which did work for The Walt Disney Company, Mattel and Universal Studios.[2] By 1986, he owned a recording and production studio in Los Angeles, where he worked on musical scoring for television series, including: War of the Worlds, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Columbo, Eight Is Enough and Hard Time on Planet Earth.[2] Former Aztec bandmate, Tony Barber had written a series of children's books, collectively called The Puggle Tales from 1981.[22] Barber and Thorpe had formed a soft toy company in 1987, Sunshine Friends, and also released children's songs on cassettes and video.[2] In 1989 Barber and Thorpe co-wrote three more stories for The Puggle Tales series: Double trouble, Flying's easy and Marco and the book of wisdom.[7]

From 1990, Thorpe collaborated with Mick Fleetwood (of Fleetwood Mac) and Bekka Bramlett in Fleetwood's side project, a band called The Zoo, which resulted in Shakin the Cage (no apostrophe) single featuring Billy Burnette and Kenny Gradney of Little Feat. This was followed by the "Shakin' the Cage" (apostrophe included) album featuring an altered band line-up and a re-recorded version of the title track in March 1991.[2] Thorpe had written all ten of the tracks, including one (the title track track) co-written with Burnette, and another with Bramlett's father Delaney.[23] The Zoo toured Australia during 1991 and while in the country Thorpe was inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame on 25 March alongside Glenn Shorrock, Don Burrows and Peter Dawson.[10][11][24] Fleetwood performed at the ARIA Awards ceremony held at the Darling Harbour Convention Centre in Sydney.[24] Thorpe returned to touring with another set of Aztecs in 1993 and released a boxed set in 1994, Lock Up Your Mothers, which peaked at #15 on the ARIA Charts.[25] The Lock Up Your Mothers tour included media appearances on Hey Hey Its Saturday, Denton and 60 Minutes.[2]

Return to Australia[edit]

In 1996 Thorpe formed the Billy Thorpe Band with: Andy Cichon (bass, guitar, keyboards, vocals), Steve Edmonds (guitar, vocals), Paul DeMarco/Mick O'Shea (drums) and Randall Waller (guitar, vocals, keyboards), and toured Australia in July.[2] He had returned to live in Sydney and authored his first autobiography, Sex and Thugs and Rock 'n' Roll,[4] on his early experiences in King's Cross and the formation of the Aztecs, which was released in November.[2][7] He followed with an Australian TV appearance on This Is Your Life.[2] In October 1998, he released his second autobiography, Most People I Know (Think That I'm Crazy).[2][7] On 14 November 1998, with the Aztecs, Thorpe appeared at the Mushroom 25 Concert singing, "Most People I Know" and "Ooh Poo Pah Doo", ex-Aztec Lobby Loyde joined them on-stage on guitar.[2]

Long Way to the Top was a 2001 Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) six-part documentary on the history of Australian rock and roll from 1956 to the modern era.[26] Episode 3: Billy Killed the Fish, broadcast on 29 August, featured interviews with Loyde, Michael Chugg (Thorpe's manager / promoter) and Thorpe.[26] They described their Sunbury festival experiences and the development of pub rock in Australia.[26] According to Chugg, an Aztec performance at Sydney's Bondi Lifesaver club in 1974 was so loud as to kill a tankful of tropical fish in an upstairs area–hence the episode title.[26] During August 2002, promoters Chugg and Kevin Jacobsen with Thorpe as co-producer, organised a related concert tour, Long Way to the Top.[5] Concerts included Thorpe performing with the 'original' Aztecs line-up in one set and the 'Sunbury' Aztecs in a second.[4] Performances at two Sydney concerts in September were recorded, broadcast on ABC-TV and subsequently released on DVD in December.[26]

Thorpe recorded material for a new album, Tangier, with the Symphonique Orchestra du Maroc in Casablanca, Morocco during September to November 2006 and was working on the album when he died in Sydney in February 2007.[4] Tangier was produced by Daniel Denholm.[27] In December 2006, Thorpe had recorded an acoustic live performance which was released posthumously in April 2007 on Liberation Records as Solo: The Last Recordings,[28] which peaked at #19 on the ARIA albums chart.[25] On 27 October 2010, Sony Entertainment announced the release of Tangier at the ARIA Hall of Fame in Sydney.[29] Tangier was awarded the 1st ever posthumous ARIA for best Contemporary Adult album in 2011.

Death[edit]

Thorpe suffered from chest pains at his home on 28 February 2007 and was taken by an ambulance to St. Vincent's Hospital in Sydney around 2:00 am AEDT after having a massive heart attack.[30] He remained in the emergency ward in a serious condition and went into cardiac arrest around half an hour later, hospital staff unsuccessfully attempted to resuscitate him. His family was by his side when he died at 60 years of age.[30] Thorpe is survived by his wife Lynn, and daughters Rusty and Lauren. His manager Michael Chugg said the death was a "terrible tragedy", as Thorpe had just finished recording a new album Tangier and was very happy after a recent acoustic tour.[30] He was posthumously appointed a Member of the Order of Australia on 11 June 2007, with the citation, "For service to the entertainment industry as a musician, songwriter, producer, and as a contributor to the preservation and collection of contemporary Australian music".[12][13]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Barber, Anthony A; Billy Thorpe (1989). Double trouble : a puggles story. Illustrated by Michael McHugh, Sharon Ross, Michael Van Cleeve. South Melbourne, Vic: Matchbooks. ISBN 1-86321-015-6. [31]
  • Barber, Anthony A; Billy Thorpe (1989). Flying's easy : a puggles story. Illustrated by Michael McHugh, Sharon Ross, Michael Van Cleeve. South Melbourne, Vic: Matchbooks. ISBN 1-86321-014-8. [32]
  • Barber, Anthony A; Billy Thorpe (1989). Marco and the book of wisdom : a puggles story. Illustrated by Michael McHugh, Sharon Ross, Michael Van Cleeve. South Melbourne, Vic: Matchbooks. ISBN 1-86321-013-X. [33]
  • Barber, Anthony A; Billy Thorpe (1990). The cake escape:. Illustrated by Michael McHugh, Sharon Ross, Michael Van Cleeve. South Melbourne, Vic: Magistra. ISBN 1-86321-020-2. [8]
  • Barber, Anthony A; Billy Thorpe (1990). Gum fly with me:. Illustrated by Michael McHugh, Sharon Ross, Michael Van Cleeve. South Melbourne, Vic: Magistra. ISBN 1-86321-021-0. [8]
  • Barber, Anthony A; Billy Thorpe (1990). Ice is nice:. Illustrated by Michael McHugh, Sharon Ross, Michael Van Cleeve. South Melbourne, Vic: Magistra. ISBN 1-86321-023-7. [8]
  • Barber, Anthony A; Billy Thorpe (1990). No news is good news:. Illustrated by Michael McHugh, Sharon Ross, Michael Van Cleeve. South Melbourne, Vic: Magistra. ISBN 1-86321-022-9. [8]
  • Thorpe, Billy (1996). Sex and thugs and rock 'n' roll : a year in Kings Cross 1963–1964. Sydney, NSW: Pan Macmillan. ISBN 0-7329-0870-1. [34]
  • Thorpe, Billy (1998). Most people I know (think that I'm crazy). Sydney, NSW: Pan Macmillan. ISBN 0-7329-0967-8. [35]
    • Thorpe, Billy (2007) [2002]. Sex and thugs and rock "n" roll ; Most people I know (think that I'm crazy). Sydney, NSW: Pan Macmillan. ISBN 0-7329-1158-3. [36] 2002 edition was a combined re-release of both autobiographies. 2007 edition is also known as Billy Thorpe Commemorative Edition[37]

Discography[edit]

For his work as leader of the Aztecs see Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs

According to allmusic, Thorpe is credited with: guitars (lead, bass, rhythm), vocals, record producer, sound engineer, keyboards, synthesizer, sound mixing and harmonica.[38]

Albums[edit]

solo

  • Million Dollar Bill – 1975, Festival Records #37 AUS[3]
  • Pick Me Up and Play Me Loud – 1976, Festival Records,
  • Children of the Sun – 1979, Capricorn Records, Polydor Records #44 AUS[3]
  • 21st Century Man – 1980, Mushroom Records, Elektra Records
  • Time Traveller (compilation) – 1980, Blue Goose Records #42 AUS[3]
  • Stimulation – 1981, Mushroom, Pasha Records/CBS Records
  • East of Eden's Gate – 1982, Pasha/CBS
  • Children of the Sun...Revisited – 1987, Pasha/CBS
  • Solo - The Last Recordings (2CD) – 2007, Liberation Music
  • Tangier – 2010, Sony Entertainment
  • Greatest Hits - Acoustic (Reissue of 'Solo - The Last Records', songs only) – 2012, Liberation Blue
  • Solo - The Last Recordings (2012 'Long Way To The Top' Commemorative Edition) (2CD)  – 2012, Liberation Blue

with Lobby Loyde & the Coloured Balls and Leo De Castro

  • Summer Jam – 1973

with Warren Morgan as Thump'n Pig and Puff'n Billy

  • Downunda – 1973, Atlantic #40 AUS[3]
  • Downunda - Remastered – August 2005, Aztec Music

Singles[edit]

solo

  • "Dream Baby/You Don't Live Twice" –1967
  • "Captain Straightman/Bow My Head" – March 1973 [as Thump'n Pig & Puff'n Billy]
  • "It's Almost Summer/Drive My Car" – November 1975
  • "Do the Best You Can/Mama Told Her" – 1976
  • "Children of the Sun/Simple Life" – September 1979 (#41 US)
  • "Dream-Maker/The Beginning" – 1979
  • "In My Room/She's Alive" – November 1980
  • "Stimulation/Syndrome D.O.A./L.K.O." – 1981
  • "Just the Way I Like It/Rock Until You Drop" – October 1981
  • "You Touched Me/No Rules on the Road" – 1981

with Warren Morgan as Thump'n Pig and Puff'n Billy

  • "Captain Straightman/Bow My Head" – March 1973

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ""Most People I Know Think That I'm Crazy" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 20 May 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc McFarlane, Ian (1999). "Encyclopedia entry for 'Billy Thorpe'". Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop. St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-072-1. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.  NOTE: Used for Australian Singles and Albums charting from 1970 until ARIA created their own charts in mid-1988.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Nimmervoll, Ed (2007). "Billy Thorpe (and the Aztecs)". HowlSpace: The Living History of Our Music (Ed Nimmervoll). Archived from the original on 15 April 2002. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Creswell, Toby; Samantha Trenoweth (2006). "Billy Thorpe". 1001 Australians you should know. North Melbourne, Vic: Pluto Press Australia. p. 221–222. ISBN 978-1-86403-361-8.  NOTE: On-line copy has limited view.
  6. ^ a b c "Billy Thorpe > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums". allmusic. Macrovision. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Search results for 'author:"Thorpe, Billy"'". catalogue. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Google Book Search inauthor:"Billy Thorpe". Google. 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2009. 
  9. ^ "Billy Thorpe (I)". Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Retrieved 20 May 2009. 
  10. ^ a b "ARIA 2008 Hall of Fame inductees listing". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Archived from the original on 15 June 2008. Retrieved 5 June 2008. 
  11. ^ a b "Winners by Award: Hall of Fame". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Retrieved 24 May 2008. 
  12. ^ a b "Search Australian Honours result for THORPE, William Richard". It's an Honour Australia Celebrating Australians. Australian Government. 11 June 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  13. ^ a b "Thorpe receives posthumous honour". ABC Online (Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC)). 11 June 2007. Retrieved 11 June 2007. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "Billy Thorpe". Australian Rock Database. Magnus Holmgren. Retrieved 20 May 2009. 
  15. ^ ""Blue Day" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 20 May 2009. 
  16. ^ a b Duncan Kimball (ed.). "TED ALBERT". MILESAGO: Australasian Music and Popular Culture 1964–1975. ICE Productions. Retrieved 22 August 2009. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Billy Thorpe & The Aztecs". MILESAGO: Australasian Music and Popular Culture 1964–1975. ICE Productions. 1999. Retrieved 13 October 2007. 
  18. ^ ""Looking Through a Window" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  19. ^ a b "Tommy Australian concert production 1973". MILESAGO: Australasian Music and Popular Culture 1964-1975. Milesago. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  20. ^ "Billy Thorpe: A Brief Biography". Mushroom Music Publishing. 2004. Retrieved 13 October 2007. 
  21. ^ "Billy Thorpe > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". allmusic. Macrovision. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  22. ^ "Search results for 'author:"Barber, A. A. (Anthony A."'". catalogue. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  23. ^ "Shakin' the Cage > Overview". allmusic. Macrovision. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  24. ^ a b "Winners by Year: 1991 5th Annual ARIA Awards". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Retrieved 20 May 2009. 
  25. ^ a b "Discography Billy Thorpe". australian-charts.com. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  26. ^ a b c d e "Episode 3: Billy Killed the Fish 1968–1973". ABC Online - Long Way To The Top. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 22 November 2002. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  27. ^ Cashmere, Paul (27 February 2009). "Final Billy Thorpe Album To Be Released". Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  28. ^ "Bill Thorpe - Solo. The Last Recordings". Liberation Blue Acoustic Series. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  29. ^ Shedden, Iain (27 October 2010). "A fleeting love: short-lived band enters Hall of Fame". The Australian (News Limited (News Corporation)). Retrieved 28 October 2010. 
  30. ^ a b c "Public service to honour Billy Thorpe". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). 28 February 2007. Retrieved 13 October 2007. 
  31. ^ "Double trouble : a puggles story / written by Tony Barber and Billy Thorpe ; illustrated by Michael McHugh, Sharon Ross, Michael Van Cleeve". catalogue. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  32. ^ "Flying's easy : a puggles story / written by Tony Barber and Billy Thorpe ; illustrated by Michael McHugh, Sharon Ross, Michael Van Cleeve". catalogue. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  33. ^ "Marco and the book of wisdom : a , a puggles story / written by Tony Barber and Billy Thorpe ; illustrated by Michael McHugh, Sharon Ross, Michael Van Cleeve". catalogue. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  34. ^ "Sex and thugs and rock 'n' roll : a year in Kings Cross 1963-1964 / Billy Thorpe". catalogue. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  35. ^ "Most people I know (think that I'm crazy) / Billy Thorpe". catalogue. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  36. ^ "Sex and thugs and rock "n" roll ; Most people I know (think that I'm crazy)". WorldCat.org. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  37. ^ Billy Thorpe Commemorative Edition By Billy Thorpe. Google Book Search. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  38. ^ "Billy Thorpe > Credits". allmusic. Macrovision. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 

External links[edit]