Bilsdale transmitting station

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Bilsdale
BilsdaleTVmast3.jpg
The Bilsdale mast stands high above the hills of the North York Moors
Bilsdale transmitting station is located in North Yorkshire
Bilsdale transmitting station
Height of mast 314 metres (1,030 ft)
Grid reference SE553962
Built 1971[citation needed]
BBC region BBC North East and Cumbria
ITV region ITV Yorkshire (1971-1974)
ITV Tyne Tees (1974-present)

The Bilsdale transmitting station is a broadcasting and telecommunications facility, located at Bilsdale West Moor, close to Helmsley, North Yorkshire, England. It includes a guyed steel tubular mast that is primarily used for radio and television transmission. The height of the mast is 314 metres (1,030 ft) to the pinnacle.[1] It is among the most powerful in the UK at 500 kW ERP and has recently been equipped with new aircraft warning lights, in the form of arrays of ultra bright red LEDs.

History[edit]

Bilsdale was constructed in 1971[citation needed] by the BBC to bring 625-line colour television on UHF to Teesside and the surrounding areas for the first time. Having added UHF TV to the existing VHF TV stations at Pontop Pike and Emley Moor, it was quickly established that a new station would be required to cover County Durham and north North Yorkshire where existing coverage was poor, and thus the new station was built.

Coverage[edit]

Coverage extends throughout Teesside and the surrounding regions, encompassing north North Yorkshire and southern County Durham. This includes Harrogate and York to the south, Filey and Whitby to the east, Middlesbrough, Stockton, Darlington, Bishop Auckland, Hartlepool, Peterlee, some areas of Seaham and some areas of Sunderland to the north, and Barnard Castle and Worton to the west.

Channels listed by frequency[edit]

Analogue radio[edit]

Frequency kW Service
89.0 MHz 5 BBC Radio 2
91.2 MHz 5 BBC Radio 3
93.4 MHz 5 BBC Radio 4
95.0 MHz 10 BBC Tees
96.6 MHz 8.9 TFM Radio
98.6 MHz 5 BBC Radio 1
100.7 MHz 8.9 Heart North East
101.6 MHz 1 Classic FM
106.4 MHz 8.9 Capital FM

Digital radio[edit]

Frequency Block kW[2] Operator
222.064 MHz 11D 4.7 Digital One
223.936 MHz 12A 2 MXR Yorkshire
225.648 MHz 12B 5 BBC National DAB
227.360 MHz 12C 2 MXR North East

Digital television[edit]

In July 2007, it was confirmed by Ofcom that the television frequency assignment after digital switchover would be such that a wideband or group K aerial would be required for reception of all six multiplexes. However, the three public service multiplexes would still fall within the station's original analogue frequency range assignment of aerial group A.[3] The digital switchover started at Bilsdale on 12 September 2012 and was one of the last transmitters in England to complete this operation on 26 September 2012, the others being Pontop Pike and Chatton in the same region.[4]

Frequency UHF kW Operator System
490.000 MHz 23 100 BBC B DVB-T2
514.000 MHz 26 100 BBC A DVB-T
538.000 MHz 29 100 Digital 3&4 DVB-T
626.000 MHz 40 50 Arqiva B DVB-T
650.000 MHz 43 50 SDN DVB-T
674.000 MHz 46 50 Arqiva A DVB-T

Before switchover[edit]

Frequency UHF kW[5] Operator
474.000 MHz 21 6 Digital 3&4 (Mux 2)
498.000 MHz 24 6 BBC (Mux B)
522.000 MHz 27 6 Arqiva (Mux C)
554.000 MHz 31 6 SDN (Mux A)
578.000 MHz 34 4.8 BBC (Mux 1)
642.000 MHz 42 1.6 Arqiva (Mux D)

Analogue television[edit]

Analogue television is no longer available from Bilsdale; BBC Two was closed on 12 September 2012, followed by the remaining four channels on 26 September 2012.

Frequency UHF kW Service
487.25 MHz 23 500 Channel 4
511.25 MHz 26 500 BBC Two
535.25 MHz 29 500 ITV1
567.25 MHz 33 500 BBC One
583.25 MHz 35 500 Channel 5

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.muxco.com/docs/muxco-yorks.pdf MuxCo Ofcom DAB application document
  2. ^ Radio Listeners Guide 2010
  3. ^ http://www.ofcom.org.uk/tv/ifi/tech/dsodetails/81plan.pdf Ofcom digital switchover plan
  4. ^ Digital UK – Tyne Tees region
  5. ^ Television Viewers Guide 2009

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°21′31″N 1°9′1″W / 54.35861°N 1.15028°W / 54.35861; -1.15028