Binaca Geetmala

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Binaca Geetmala was a weekly radio countdown show of top filmi songs from Hindi cinema listened to by millions of Hindi music lovers, that was broadcast on Radio Ceylon from 1952 to 1988 and then shifted to Vividh Bharati service of All India Radio network in 1989 where it ran till 1994. It was the first radio countdown show of Indian film songs,[1] and has been quoted as being the most popular radio program in India during its run.[2] It was sponsored by Binaca, from where it got its name.[3][4] Binaca Geetmala, and its subsequent incarnations named after Cibaca, Cibaca Sangeetmala, Cibaca Geetmala, and Colgate Cibaca Sangeetmala on Radio Ceylon and then on Vividh Bharati ran from 1954 to 1994, with annual year-end lists airing from 1954 to 1993.

Ameen Sayani and Radio Ceylon[edit]

The show was hosted during its entire run by Ameen Sayani, and was very popular in India, with estimated listenership ranging from 900,000 to 2,000,000. It greatly increased the popularity of Radio Ceylon, making it the primary source of popular film music on radio for the Indian subcontinent.[5] The show later aired on Vividh Bharati after 1988, and used to be on for 1/2 hour on Monday night.

Popularity ratings methodology[edit]

At its onset in 1952, the program did not rank songs, but rather played seven contemporary songs in no particular order. Later, the program started ranking the most popular Hindi film songs. The list was compiled initially on the basis of a combination of sales of records in India and listener votes to Radio Ceylon.[6] The popularity was gauged on the basis of record sales, record store owners verdicts and that of "shrota-sanghs"(Hindi for listeners clubs). These "shrota-sanghs" would send in the popular songs every week. The clubs were formed because it was possible that a record could sell out of stores quickly and the store would be out of that records, so it wouldn't show up on record sales, despite the record being very popular.

The year-end lists were compiled based on points earned by songs through the year (sometimes between 1966 and 70, there would be no points on the weekly shows broadcast, but the year-end shows would be based on point system.[7]

Lists of top songs per year[edit]

The following is a detailed annual listing of the year-end chart toppers of the Radio Ceylonradio show Binaca Geetmala: 1970s: 1970197119721973197419751976197719781979
1980s: 19801981

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Back on air with Geetmala. Bella Jaisinghani. The Financial Express (India), Sunday, March 11, 2001. Transcript available online at [1], accessed online on 29 July 2006
  2. ^ "Comeback for radio countdown show". The Music Magazine. October 2000. Retrieved 2006-07-29. 
  3. ^ Mitra, Ananda (1993). Television and popular culture in India: a study of the Mahabharat. Sage Publications. p. 83. ISBN 0803991347. 
  4. ^ "It's all in the name". The Hindu. 8 September 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Sambandan, V.S. (2006-01-01). "When Ceylon ruled the airwaves". The Hindu. Retrieved 2006-07-29. 
  6. ^ "Radio speak with Ameen Sayani". exchange4media.com Radio Channel. Retrieved 2006-07-29. 
  7. ^ Reliving the Geetmala lore. S.K. Screen, Friday, September 22, 2000, transcript available online at [2], accessed online on 29 July 2006
Year Song Film Music Director Lyricist Singer(s)
1953 Ye Zindagi Usi ki Hai Anarkali (film) C. Ramachandra Rajendra Kishen Lata Mangeshkar
1954 Jayen To Jayen Kahan Taxi Driver Sachin Dev Burman Sahir Ludhianvi Lata Mangeshkar/Talat Mahmood
1955 Mera Joota Hai Japani Shri 420 Shankar Jaikishan Shailendra Mukesh
1956 Ae Dil Hai Mushkil Jeena Yaha CID O. P. Nayyar Majrooh Sultanpuri Mohd. Rafi, Geeta Dutt
1957 Zara Saamne Toh Aao Chhaliye Janam Janam Ke Phere S. N. Tripathi Bharat Vyas Mohd. Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar
1958 Hai Apna Dil Toh Awara Solva Saal S. D. Burman Majrooh Sultanpuri Hemant Kumar
1959 Haal Kaisa Hai Janaab Ka Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi S D Burman Majrooh Sultanpuri Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle
1960 Zindagi Bhar Nai Bhoolegi Wo Barsaat Ki Raat Barsaat Ki Raat Roshan Sahir Ludhianvi Mohd. Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar
1961 Teri Pyaari Pyaari Surat Ko Sasural Shankar Jaikishan Hasrat Jaipuri Mohd. Rafi
1962 Ehsaan Tera Hoga Mujh Par Junglee Shankar Jaikishan Hasrat Jaipuri Mohd. Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar
1963 Jo Wada Kiya Woh Nibhana Taj Mahal Roshan Sahir Ludhianvi Mohd. Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar
1964 Mere Man ki Ganga aur tere man ki Jamuna ka Sangam Shankar Jaikishan Shailendra Mukesh, Vyjayanthimala
1965 Jis dil mein basa tha pyaar tera Saheli Kalyanji Anandji Indeevar Mukesh, Lata Mangeshkar
1966 Baharon phool barsao mera mehboob aaya hai Suraj Shankar Jaikishan Hasrat Jaipuri Mohd. Rafi
1967 Saawan ka mahina pawan kare sor Milan Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Mukesh, Lata Mangeshkar
1968 Dil wil pyar vyar main kya jaanu re Shagird Laxmikant-Pyarelal Majrooh Sultanpuri Lata Mangeshkar
1969 Kaise rahoon chup ki meine pee hi kya hai Inteqam Laxmikant-Pyarelal Rajendra Krishna Lata Mangeshkar
1970 Bindiya chamkegi choodi khankegi Do Raaste Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar
1971 Zindagi ek safar hai suhana Andaaz Shankar Jaikishan Hasrat Jaipuri Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle
1972 Dum Maro Dum Hare Raama Hare Krishna R. D. Burman Anand Bakshi Asha Bhosle, Usha Iyer
1973 Yaari hai imaan mera yaar meri zindagi Zanjeer Kalyanji Anandji Gulshan Bawra Manna Dey
1974 Mera jeewan koraa kaagaz koraa hi rah gaya Kora Kagaz Kalyanji Anandji M. G. Hashmat Kishore Kumar
1975 Baaki kuchh bacha to mahangaai maar gayee Roti Kapada Aur Makaan Laxmikant-Pyarelal Varma Malik Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh, Jaani Babu Qawwal, Narendra
1976 Kabhi kabhi mere dil mein khayaal aataa hai Kabhi Kabhi Khayyam Sahir Ludhianvi Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh
1977 Husn haazir hai mohabbat ki sazaa paane ko Lailaa Majnu Madan Mohan Sahir Ludhianvi Lata Mangeshkar
1978 Ankhiyon ke jharokhon se, mainen dekha jo Ankhiyon Ke Jharokhon Se Ravindra Jain Ravindra Jain Hemlata
1979 Khaike Paan Banaras Wala Don Kalyanji Anandji Anjaan Kishore Kumar
1980 Dafli Wale Dafli Baja Sargam Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar, Mohd. Rafi
1981 Mere Angane Mein Laawaris Kalyanji Anandji Anjaan Amitabh Bachchan, Alka Yagnik
1982 Angrezi Mein Kehte Hain Khuddar Rajesh Roshan Majrooh Sultanpuri Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar
1983 Shayad Meri Shaadi Souten Usha Khanna Saawan Kumar Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar
1984 Tu Mera Hero Hai Hero Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Anuradha Paudwal, Manhar Udhas
1985 Sun Sahiba Sun Ram Teri Ganga Maili Ravindra Jain Ravindra Jain Lata Mangeshkar
1986 Yashoda Ka Nandlala Sanjog Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anjaan Lata Mangeshkar
1987 Chitthi Aayi Hai Naam Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Pankaj Udhas
1988 Papa Kehte Hain Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak Anand-Milind Majrooh Sultanpuri Udit Narayan
1989 My Name Is Lakhan Ram Lakhan Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Mohd. Aziz
1990 Gori Hai Kalaiyaan Aaj Ka Arjun Bappi Lahiri Anjaan Lata Mangeshkar, Shabbir Kumar
1991 Dekha Hai Pehli Baar Saajan Nadeem-Shravan Sameer Alka Yagnik, S P Balasubramaniam
1992 Maine Pyar Tumhi Se Phool Aur Kaante Nadeem-Shravan Sameer Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal
1993 Choli Ke Peechhe Khalnayak Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Alka Yagnik, Ila Arun
1994 Didi Tera Dewar Deewana Hum Aapke Hain Kaun Raam-Laxman Dev Kohli,Ravinder Rawal Lata Mangeshkar
1995 Tujhe Dekha To Ye Jana Sanam Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge Jatin-Lalit Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar,Kumar Sanu