Binalonan, Pangasinan

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Binalonan
Baley na Binalonan
Municipality
Town hall
Town hall
Official seal of Binalonan
Seal
Map of Pangasinan showing the location of Binalonan
Map of Pangasinan showing the location of Binalonan
Binalonan is located in Philippines
Binalonan
Binalonan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°03′N 120°36′E / 16.050°N 120.600°E / 16.050; 120.600Coordinates: 16°03′N 120°36′E / 16.050°N 120.600°E / 16.050; 120.600
Country  Philippines
Region Ilocos (Region I)
Province Pangasinan
District 5th district of Pangasinan
Founded 1872
Barangays 24
Government[1]
 • Mayor Ramon V. Guico III (Lakas–CMD)
 • Vice Mayor Melicio Flores Patague II
Area[2]
 • Total 47.57 km2 (18.37 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 52,832
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2436
Dialing code 75
Income class 1st class; partial urban
Website www.binalonan.gov.ph

Binalonan is a first class municipality geographically located in the province of Pangasinan in the Philippines. At present it is becoming one of the province’s top producers of rice grains (palay) and mangoes. The town is known for its rich history rooted in oral traditions of folklore. Its land area is 8,400 hectares.

One of Binalonan's natives is the Filipino-American writer Carlos Bulosan, who wrote brief descriptions of the town’s history and people in his semi-autobiographical novel entitled America is in the Heart. The town has a memorial and street named after him just north of the municipal hall and town market. It is also the hometown of Evangelina de la Cruz Macaraeg Macapagal, spouse of 9th President Diosdado Macapagal, and mother of 14th President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.[4]

Geography[edit]

Binalonan is located in the eastern part of the province of Pangasinan. The municipality is bordered on the north by the municipalities of Pozorrubio and Sison, on the south by Urdaneta, on the east by San Manuel and Asingan and on the west by Laoac.

It is approximately 59 kilometres (37 mi) away from Lingayen and 193 kilometres (120 mi) from Manila.

Land classification[edit]

The municipality's total land area, estimated at 8,400 hectares (84 km2), is classified as alienable and disposable land.

Soil type[edit]

There are 5 types of soil which can be found in Binalonan: the San Manuel fine sandy loam, San Manuel loam, San Manuel sandy loam, San Manuel clay, and Umingan sandy loam.

Rivers[edit]

Binalonan has 2 major rivers: the Aloragat River and Tagamusing River. It also has minor rivers, including the San Pablo Creek, Tuboy River, Palma Creek, the Camambogan Creek and Balisa Creek.

History[edit]

According to historians, the town's name is an evolution of the Pangasinan Language term balon, which means "packed lunch", or in Tagalog, baon.

In a traditional story, which now plays an important role in the town's history, the area was originally owned by a Spaniard named Don Salvador. It was told that he instructed his men to put up crude wooden fences along the property to establish his ownership. During the course of their work, Don Salvador's men used to have their lunch and rest under Camachile trees located in the center of the land mainly due to its breezy shades.

Time came when Don Salvador offered his pastureland to several immigrants from Ilocos. When they asked Don Salcador how they were going to find the said land, the owner answered: "It is the place where people bring their balon to eat". Hence the term Binnalonan, which in Ilocano and Pangasinan means “a place where people bring and eat their baon”, was born. At present, the town is called Binalonan while its people are known as Binalonians.[5]

Ilocano herdsmen and laborers composed the first town which was founded in 1838, in San Felie, which was later transferred to Santa Catalina, then returned to the present site.

"Most Beautiful and Cleanest Philippine Town"[edit]

Binalonan was awarded "The Most Beautiful and Cleanest Town in the Philippines (1968).[4][6] Aside from this medal, the town claimed the prizes: “Most Beautiful Plaza and Parks", the “Urban Model Community” and “Outstanding Community Development Model”.

Binalonan Rock Garden defines the town with majestic century-old acacia trees guarding the walking pavements, benches, Balikbayan Hall, basketball court and the mystic pathway towards the historic Sto. Nino Parish Church. The town's religious treasure is a veritable landmark of Christian faith, social service and Spanish colonial architectural legacy.

Government and polictics[edit]

Binalonan's Chief Executive is Mayor Ramon N. Guico, Jr.'s. His son, Vice Mayor Ramon V. Guico III presides over the Sangguniang Bayan (8 members, Councilors, inter alia) Session Hall which is located at the Legislative Building.

Barangays[edit]

Binalonan is politically subdivided into 24 barangays.[2]

  • Balangobong
  • Bued
  • Bugayong
  • Camangaan
  • Canarvacanan
  • Capas
  • Cili
  • Dumayat
  • Linmansangan
  • Mangcasuy
  • Moreno
  • Pasileng Norte
  • Pasileng Sur
  • Poblacion
  • San Felipe Central
  • San Felipe Sur
  • San Pablo
  • Santa Catalina
  • Santa Maria Norte
  • Santiago
  • Santo Niño
  • Sumabnit
  • Tabuyoc
  • Vacante

Municipal seal[edit]

Binalonan Municipal Seal

The topmost structure depicted on the municipal seal is an image of the municipality's Municipal Hall. Below it on the left is a depiction of the antenna of Digital Communications, the center of communications for Regions I, II and CAR.

Beside the antenna is a representation of a subsidiary source of income in Binalonan: the raising of chickens and hogs. At the bottom, the left image is that of rice stalks, the municipality's main product. Beside it is the picture of a sugar cane, which is the main ingredient for Binalonan's top products — basi, suka and muskuvado (brown sugar). The shield encasing these images means that Binalonan is under the province of Pangasinan.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Binalonan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 43,839 —    
1995 44,490 +0.28%
2000 48,967 +2.08%
2007 52,722 +1.02%
2010 52,832 +0.08%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][7]

According to the 2007 Philippines census there are about 52,722 residents in Binalonan, or about 10,774 households. The estimated annual growth rate is at 1.01%. The population density is 6.28.

The urban population is recorded at 7,634 while the rural population is at 45,088. The urban-rural population ratio is estimated at 15/100. The male-to-female ratio is 1.029.

Population by barangay[edit]

Barangay Population (2010[3] ) Number of households (2007)
Balangobong 1,418 332
Bued 2,839 467
Bugayong 2,949
Camangaan 1,133 245
Canarvacanan 1,811 361
Capas 2,065 378
Cili 1,921 429
Dumayat 1,388 247
Linmansangan 3,847 770
Mangcasuy 1,431 309
Moreno 1,587 358
Pasileng Norte 702 136
Pasileng Sur 1,298 299
Poblacion 7,565 1,059
San Felipe Central 2,114 474
San Felipe Sur 1,961 391
San Pablo 1,560 361
Sta. Catalina 2,697 590
Sta. Maria Norte 2,584 518
Santiago 1,368 282
Sto. Nino 1,544 389
Sumabnit 4,147 772
Tabuyoc 1,169 257
Vacante 1,734 328

Education (SY 2009 to 2009)[edit]

Elementary Secondary
Number of schools
Government 22 6
Private 6 2
Total enrollment
Government 7,376 3,729
Private 919 113
Number of teachers 287 169
Number of classrooms 295 109

Dubbed as "Next University Town", Binalonan is proud of Mayor Ramon N. Guico, Jr.'s (and his son, Vice Mayor Ramon V. Guico III - 36-year-old licensed pilot and instructor) 2007 University of Eastern Pangasinan (UEP), which has advance computer and medical laboratories and library.

Other education centers include the WCC Aeronautical and Technological College (World Citi Colleges, (WCC) Aviation Company), an expansive facility which contains the Binalonan Airfield), St. Michael de Archangel College, Manantan Technical School, Holy Child Academy parochial school and Juan G. Macaraeg National High School.

WCC Aeronautical and Technological College, the aeronautical school that sits at the heart of Binalonan, Pangasinan.[8] It also has the College of Engineering and Aviation Technology, College of Arts and Sciences, College of Tourism, and Flight Attendant Course. It offers the Flight Navigator Trainers Procedure II with MRO facilities, including its Airbus A320 full flight simulator.[9]

Infrastructure[edit]

Health and nutrition[edit]

  • Hospitals:
  • Rural Health Unit/Centers: 8
  • Barangay Health Stations: 24
  • Malnutrition Rate: 9.06%
  • Severely Underweight: 1.17%
  • Moderately Underweight: 7.88%
  • No. of Day Care Workers: 29
  • No. of Day Care Centers: 29
  • No. of Day Care Children: 544
  • Contraceptive Prevalence Rate: 51%

Sanitation[edit]

Surveys show that 8,238 homes in Binalonan have water-sealed sewer/septic tank toilets which are used exclusively by members of the household.

Garbage is disposed of through burning.

Tourism[edit]

The town's interesting points include:

  • The Sto. Nino Parish Church is the town's religious treasure which is a veritable landmark of Christian faith, social service and Spanish colonial architectural legacy.
  • Brgy. Sta. Catalina boasts of the famous Mount Paldingan Stations of the Cross.[4]
  • The town has a central transport terminal, a Bagsakan Center (wholesale trade) library and community eCenter.
  • The New Market Shed and Food Terminal were opened on 27 September 2012.
  • The Binalonan Airfield and Binalonan airport.
  • Balon-Balon Festival and Fiesta.
  • Rupertos Inland Resort.
  • Balangobong field
  • Binalonan Fiesta - vibrant festival with various activities and street performers.

Parish of the Holy Child Church[edit]

1841 Parish of the Holy Child Church

The 1841 (19th century architecture) Sto. Niño Parish Church (Binalonan, 2436 Pangasinan, Philippines), in under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan, Roman Catholic Diocese of Urdaneta. Its Feast Day is 3rd Sunday of January, with Parish Priest, Father Elisar Christopher M. Itchon and Parochial Vicar, Father Jun G. Laya and Vicar Forane, Father Elpidio F. Silva Jr.[10][11] (16°2'40"N 120°35'35"E Nearby cities: San Carlos City, Tarlac City and Alaminos City).[12][13]

Fr. Julian Izaga founded San Felipe, the origin of the Church and town freed from Manaoag since 1834, and moved to Santa Catalina, where he built church and a convent of light materials. Fr. Ramon Fernandez transferred the town in 1938 to the present site..

The Dominicans founded Binalonan Parish in 1841, under Kura Paroko, Fr. Domingo Llue and then, by Fr,. Policarpio Illana who began construction of the Church in 1842.

Fr. Antonio Vinelas erected in 1855 a bigger church, with Fr. Ruperto Alarcon's construction in 1861.Fr. Juan Fernandez (1861-1865) built a provisional church. In 1866-1873, Fr. Felix Cantador added old convent walls, while Fr. P.del Campo finished the Church. In 1879,

The October 19, 1881 typhoon destroyed the 1879 Church. Father Silvestre Fernandez added the 3 naves rehabiliation due to the earthquake of 1882. The Church was placed under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of El Santisimo Nombre de Jesus. In the Hispano-American War the church was destroyed.

After the 1898 Revolution, Fr. Mariano Pacis became the Pastor of Manaoag and Binalonan, but it was Fr. Pio Mabutas who finished the Church in 1930. The Japanese destroyed the Church except the miraculous image of Santo Nino.

Fr. Pablo Evangelista rehabilitated the Church in 1946 and Fr. Leon Bitanga reconstructed in until 1961, founding the Holy Child Academy.

It was only on January 30, 2008 that the Church's marker was imposed upon generous donations of New York and New Jersey Binalonans (Joey and Remy Castelo-Sellona and Drs. Jose and Violy Quintos. (Source: Church marker, 2008).[13] [14][15][16][17][18]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]