|Linguistic classification:||Trans–New Guinea
Map: The Binanderean languages of New Guinea
The Binanderean languages
Other Trans–New Guinea languages
Other Papuan languages
The Binanderean languages are a family and part of the Trans–New Guinea languages (TNG) family in the classifications of Stephen Wurm (1975) and Malcolm Ross (2005). They are found along the north/east coast of the "Bird's Tail" of New Guinea, and appear to be a recent expansion from the north. The Binandere family proper is clearly valid; Ross added the Guhu-Semane isolate based on pronominal evidence, and this has been confirmed by Smallhorn (2011). Proto-Binanderean has been reconstructed in Smallhorn (2011).
Smallhorn (2011:444) provides the following classification for Greater Binanderean. Individual languages are given in italics.
- Greater Binanderean
According to Smallhorn (2011), there are two linkages, namely Central Binanderean and Nuclear Binanderean. Ross (2005) reconstructs both independent pronouns and verbal person prefixes:
sg. PN prefix 1 *na *a- 2 *ni *i- 3 *nu *u-
Only 1sg continues the TNG set.
Smallhorn (2011:3) provides population figures for the following Binanderean languages.
- Guhu-Samane: 12,800
- Suena: 3,000
- Yekora: 1,000
- Zia: 3,000
- Mawae: 943
- Binandere: 7,000 (including Ambasi)
- Aeka: 3,400
- Orokaiva: 24,000
- Hunjara: 8,770
- Notu: 12,900 (including Yega)
- Gaena: 1,410
- Baruga: 2,230
- Doghoro: 270
- Korafe: 3,630
- about 80,000
- Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley, Robert Attenborough, Robin Hide, Jack Golson, eds. Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.
- Smallhorn, Jacinta Mary. 2011. The Binanderean languages of Papua New Guinea: reconstruction and subgrouping. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
- Doregari Kotopu Anglican Holy Communion in Binandere, digitized by Richard Mammana and Charles Wohlers
- King, Copland. 1927. Grammar and Dictionary of the Binandere Language, Mamba River, North Division, Papua. Sydney: D.S. Ford. 
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