Bintulu Division

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Bintulu
Division of Sarawak
Flag of Bintulu
Flag
Location of Bintulu
Division Office location Bintulu
Local area government (s) Lembaga Kemajuan Bintulu (BDA)
Government
 • Resident Hj. Muhamad Yakup bin Kari
Area
 • Total 12,166.2 km2 (4,697.4 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 219,529
 • Density 18/km2 (47/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Iban 41.6%
 • Chinese 16.2%
 • Melanau 10.7%
 • Others 31.5%

Bintulu Division is one of the eleven administrative divisions of Sarawak, east Malaysia, on the island of Borneo. It has a total area of 12,166.2 square kilometers, and is the third largest division after Kapit Division and Miri Division. Bintulu Division consists of two districts which is Bintulu and Tatau, together with a sub-district under Bintulu, which is Sebauh. Three major towns in Bintulu are Bintulu, Tatau and Sebauh.

Demography[edit]

The population of Bintulu Division (year 2000 census) was 179,600. This makes Bintulu as one of the most loosely populated division in Sarawak with only 14 people per kilometre. Despite being the most thinly populated, Bintulu Division has the fourth biggest town in Sarawak, which is Bintulu town. Most of the Bintulu division's population is concentrated in this town.

Ethnic makeup[edit]

Bintulu is traditionally a home to Iban, Chinese, Melanau, Malay, Orang Ulu and Kedayan people. Most Ibans are scattered throughout rural areas of Bintulu, namely in Tatau and Sebauh. Whilst, Melanau people (or Melanau Bintulu/Vaie people) are concentrated at the town areas in Bintulu and rural communal areas, namely at Bintulu town, Tatau town, Kuala Tatau, Sebauh, Pandan and Labang. Many Malay people are not originally from Bintulu, however, intermarriage with locals especially Melanau people has made Malay as one of the major ethnics in Bintulu. Chinese people are more concentrated at town areas, such as at Bintulu, Sebauh and Tatau town, while some resides at Sangan and Kuala Tatau. Orang Ulu people, such as Kenyah, Kayan, Tatau, Penan and Punan are more scattered throughout Bintulu division compared to Iban people. Most of them still live deep in the rural areas like Kakus and Jelalong. Kedayan people, although small in number, can be spotted at Nyalau areas (100 km from Bintulu) just at the border with Miri Division.

There is a large influx of foreign worker population due to the strength of the petroleum industry. It was estimated more than 20% of Bintulu population are foreign workers and expatriates.

Population of Bintulu by Ethnics[1][2]
Administrative District Total
Population
Malay Iban Bidayuh Melanau Other
Bumiputera
Chinese Other
Non-Bumiputera
Non-Citizen
Bintulu 186,100
(84.5%)
17,500
(9.4%)
71,300
(38.3%)
2,500
(1.4%)
21,200
(11.4%)
8,700
(4.7%)
33,300
(17.9%)
900
(0.4%)
30,700
(16.5%)
Tatau 28,900
(15.5%)
1,200
(4.2%)
18,200
(63.0%)
200
(0.7%)
1,700
(5.9%)
2,800
(9.7%)
1,500
(5.2%)
100
(0.3%)
3,300
(11.4%)
Total Bintulu Division 215,000
(100%)
18,700
(8.7%)
89,500
(41.6%)
2,700
(1.3%)
22,900
(10.7%)
11,500
(5.3%)
34,800
(16.2%)
1000
(0.5%)
34,000
(15.8%)

Economy[edit]

The economy is largely based on the petroleum and natural gas industries. Bintulu has an estimated 85% of Sarawak’s known natural gas reserves, or some 42.3 trillion cubic feet (1,200 km3). In addition to export as liquified natural gas, on-shore facilities produce fertilizer, and formaldehyde resins. Bintulu also has about half of Sarawak's crude oil reserves of 500 million barrels (79,000,000 m3), with production wells located some 40 kilometers offshore.

Bintulu has around 27% of Sarawak’s tropical rainforest, and the timber industry remains a strong component of the Division's economy. Agriculture is relatively minor although growing steadily, with oil palm, rattan and pepper the main products. Deposits of coal have been discovered, but are yet unexploited.

Transportation[edit]

Although Bintulu is well connected to other parts of Sarawak with good networks of road, river transports still play the vital role in Bintulu. People of Bintulu Division can opt for rural shuttle bus service to Tatau, Sebauh, Nyalau, even as far as Sungai Asap in Kapit Division. The only shuttle bus operating for both town and rural services is Jepak Holding.

As for people who wish to travel to upriver areas which are inaccessible by road such as Jelalong, Ng. Tau, Pandan, Labang, Kuala Serupai, Kuala Baggiau, Sungai Anap and Bukit Balai, they have to use available ferry and boat services. River transport charges remain high in Bintulu Division due to the long distance of the upriver areas.

There are some rural areas which are accessible by timber tracks and palm estate roads such as Labang, Tubau and Kakus. Availability of transports to these areas are limited through bookings at Bintulu town, using private vans or four-wheel drive vehicles.

Infrastructure[edit]

Bintulu Division is blessed with good networks of road. Pan-Borneo Highway is a trunk road linking Bintulu to the rest of divisions in Sarawak. Bintulu Division is expected to expand rapidly due to Similajau being part of Sarawak Corridor of Renewal Energy regional development and on-going gas pipeline project from Sabah to Tanjung Kidurong.

Education[edit]

Bintulu Division has moderate amount of public schools. Most secondary schools are located at Bintulu district. There is only one secondary school for Tatau District. As for primary schools, most of them are scattered throughout Bintulu. Some of them are located deep in the Bintulu Division's interior to cater for rural students. There is one secondary school run by private which is SM Kai Dee, a Chinese education-based school.

Bintulu Division is home to a public university branch which is Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) and various government education institutions such as GIATMARA, IKM and ADTEC. There is also private education institution which is Kolej Sendaya.

Healthcare[edit]

Bintulu Division has one government hospital which is Bintulu Hospital and one government policlinic at Bintulu town. There are also private-owned hospital such as Columbia-Asia Hospital at Tanjung Kidurong and Rejang Hospital at Bintulu town. As for Tatau and Sebauh sub-district, both has their own health clinic. Smaller government health clinics do exist at Ng. Tau and Tubau.

Security[edit]

Bintulu Division has two police district offices, namely at Bintulu and Tatau. There are also police stations and police bits located at strategic locations, as well as rural areas. Despite being the third largest division, Bintulu Division so far has no district military bases. Only small military camps do exist just to make presence.

Government Services[edit]

Other government offices have set up their branches in both Bintulu and Tatau district (some at Sebauh sub-district and other smaller communal areas) such as Royal Customs, Fire and Rescue Department, Education Department and etc.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sarawak Ethnic Statistic from Sarawak Journal.
  2. ^ Sarawak Ethnic Statistic from Sarawak Journal.

External links[edit]