Kosmos 1667

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Kosmos 1667
Bion spacecraft.jpg
A Bion satellite
Mission type Bioscience
COSPAR ID 1985-059A
SATCAT № 15891
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Bion
Launch mass 5,700 kilograms (12,600 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 10 July 1985, 03:15 (1985-07-10UTC03:15Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Plesetsk 41/1
End of mission
Landing date 17 July 1985 (1985-07-18)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Eccentricity 0.005649717524647713
Perigee 222.0 kilometres (137.9 mi)
Apogee 297.0 kilometres (184.5 mi)
Inclination 82.30000305175781 degrees
Period 90.0 minutes

Kosmos 1667 (Russian: Космос 1667 meaning Cosmos 1667), or Bion No.7 was a biomedical research mission satellite involving scientists from nine countries. It was part of the Bion program.

Mission[edit]

Pleurodeles waltl, the species of newt which orbited the Earth on Kosmos 1667

It carried two rhesus macaques named Gordyy and Oomka[1] (or Verny and Gordy), ten male rats, and ten newts. The monkey research focused on vestibular and blood flow investigations as well as radiation effects. The newts had part of their front limbs amputated and their crystalline lenses removed to study the possible rate of human recovery from injuries incurred in space. A biocalorimeter monitored energy exchange during the emergence of flies from nymphs; 1500 drosophila flies were carried for this purpose. The payload also included maize seeds, crocuses, and guppies in an aquarium. The mission was recovered after seven days.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "NASA - NSSDC - Spacecraft - Details". Nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. 2013-08-16. Retrieved 2014-03-12. 

External links[edit]