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|Also known as||Biota-Mnemonists, Mnemonists, Mnemonist Orchestra|
|Origin||Fort Collins, Colorado, USA|
|Genres||Avant-rock, Electronic music, Electroacoustic music|
|Labels||Recommended Records (RēR) (1986-present), Dys (1979-1985), Bad Alchemy, Anomalous Records, No Man's Land|
|Past members||Mark Derbyshire
Biota is an American avant-rock musical collective. They have released several albums since their beginnings in the late 1970s. The group is known for its highly detailed and often radical compositional approach, which involves extensive electronic processing of varied acoustic sound sources. In a review of their 1995 album, Object Holder, David Newgarden wrote "Biota is not even remotely like any other group I can think of." 
Founded in Colorado in the late 1970s, Biota's first recordings were released under the name Mnemonist Orchestra (a.k.a. Mnemonists). Produced and engineered by Mark Derbyshire and William (Bill) Sharp, Mnemonists released five albums between 1980 and 1984 on its self-produced label, Dys. Horde (1981), a seminal album of electronically processed music, garnered critical attention (including from the Recommended Records/RēR label) for its use of unconventional sound manipulation and musique concrète techniques. Shortly after the release of Gyromancy in 1984, the group split into two factions: a visual arts collective, which retained the name Mnemonists, and the musical group, Biota.
Since the mid-1980s, Biota has released numerous albums, mostly on RēR. These include Rackabones (1985, Dys), Bellowing Room (1987), Tinct (1988), the Awry 10" (1988, Bad Alchemy), and Tumble (1989), a commissioned work for RēR. Almost Never (1992, RēR) features three voluminous suites for winds, strings, and processed acoustic/ethnic/antique instrumentation.
On Object Holder (1995, RēR), Biota expanded to include drummer Chris Cutler (Henry Cow, News From Babel), vocalist Susanne Lewis (Hail), electric guitarist Andy Kredt, and pianist Charles O'Meara (a.k.a. C.W. Vrtacek of Forever Einstein), who later joined the group full-time. As with Biota's other releases, artwork for Object Holder was provided by Mnemonists (featuring Larry Wilson, Ken DeVries, Tom Katsimpalis, Bill Ellsworth, Dana Sharp, Heidi Eversley, Dirk Vallons, Randy Yeates, Ann Stretton, E.M. Thomas, Stan Starbuck et al.). Object Holder was the first Biota album to include lyrics, written by Katsimpalis and Cutler.
For Invisible Map (2001, RēR), the group was joined by Genevieve Heistek (Set Fire to Flames, HṚṢṬA) on vocals and violin. In his review of Invisible Map, François Couture of AllMusic.com writes "With its wide range covering delicate post-folkish pop songs to ambient soundscapes, Invisible Map may be the collective's most accomplished and accessible release to date. All music styles (folk, jazz, blues, rock, musique concrète, free improv, etc.) coalesce to be filtered through the dreamer's ears — background vocals are slightly treated, soloing instruments are heard from a distance, rhythm tracks are deliberately just a bit out of sync. This way, the simple tunes never really come into focus, giving the whole album an aura of mystery." Half a True Day (2007, RēR) welcomed folk musician Kristianne Gale to the group on vocals and acoustic guitar.
Folk ballads complement the group's compositional/processing work on Cape Flyaway (2012, RēR), an album highlighting Gale's vocal work in full song form. The latest Biota album, Funnel to a Thread, is scheduled for release on RēR in late 2014/early 2015, and features the group's current configuration of Bill Sharp, Gordon Whitlow, Tom Katsimpalis, Larry Wilson, Charles O'Meara, Mark Piersel, Randy Yeates, James Gardner, Kristianne Gale, Randy Miotke, and Dave Zekman.
The Biota-Mnemonists ensemble has performed onstage only twice: at the Colorado State University art school in 1981 and at the 1990 New Music America festival in Montreal, a performance that included projected animated video footage by Mnemonists artist Heidi Eversley. The entire musical program of the New Music America performance was eventually released as Musique Actuelle 1990 (2004) on Anomalous.
As Mnemonist Orchestra
- Mnemonist Orchestra (LP, 1979, DYS 01, Dys Records)
- Some Attributes of a Living System (LP, 1980, DYS 02, Dys Records)
- Horde (LP, 1981, DYS 03, Dys Records)
- Roto-Limbs (Cassette, 1981, DYS 06, Dys Records)
- Biota (LP, 1982, DYS 07, Dys Records)
- Gyromancy (LP, 1984, DYS 10, Dys Records)
- "Nailed/Tic" (7", 1984, Recommended Records)
- Rackabones (2xLP, 1985, DYS 12, Dys Records)
- Bellowing Room (LP, 1987, Recommended Records)
- Tinct (LP, 1988, Recommended Records)
- Bellowing Room/Tinct (reissued as one CD, 1990, RēR)
- Awry (10", 1988, Bad Alchemy)
- Tumble (CD, 1989, RēR)
- Almost Never (CD, 1992, RēR)
- Object Holder (CD, 1995, RēR)
- Invisible Map (CD, 2001, RēR)
- Half a True Day (CD, 2007, RēR)
- Cape Flyaway (CD, 2012, RēR)
- Funnel to a Thread (CD, 2014/5, RēR - to be released)
- Musique Actuelle 1990 (live) (CD, 2004, Anomalous Records)
- "Fakeloo" on Bad Alchemy, Nr. 5 (Cassette, Bad Alchemy, 1986)
- "Early Rest Home" on Rē Records Quarterly Vol.1 No.3 (LP, RēR 0103, 1986)
- "Hidden Aboard" on A Classic Guide to No Man's Land (CD, No Man's Land, 1988)
- "Walk Aside" on Rē Records Quarterly Vol.4 No.1 (CD, RēR 0401, 1994)
- Art Bears, The Art Box (2003, remixes, RēR)
- "Watch and Watch" on $100 Guitar Project (CD, Bridge Records, 2013)
- Mark Piersel, Distant Lives (Cassette, 1983, Dys)
- Sorry for Laughing, Jesus Wept (Cassette, 1986, ADN) (G.H. Whitlow, feat. Biota members)
- Newgarden, David. "review of Object Holder CD". Biota homepage. Retrieved 2007-10-01.
- Colli, Giuseppe. "Openness, Density, Mystery and Wonder... The Strange Case of Biota". Biota homepage. Retrieved 2007-10-01.
- Couture, François. "review of Invisible Map CD". AllMusic.com. Retrieved 2013-11-01.