|Bipolar nerve cell from the spinal ganglion of the pike.|
|Gray's||subject #183 722|
A bipolar cell is a type of neuron which has two extensions. Bipolar cells are specialized sensory neurons for the transmission of special senses. As such, they are part of the sensory pathways for smell, sight, taste, hearing and vestibular functions.
Sometimes the extensions, also called "processes", come off from opposite poles of the cell, and the cell then assumes a spindle shape; in other cells both processes emerge at the same point.
In some cases where two fibers are apparently connected with a cell, one of the fibers is really derived from an adjoining nerve cell and is passing to end in a ramification around the ganglion cell, or, again, it may be coiled helically around the nerve process which is issuing from the cell.