Birch trumpet

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Neverlur

The birch trumpet (Norwegian: neverlur, Swedish: näverlur, Latvian: taure, Lithuanian: ragas, daudytė[1][2][3]) is a type of natural trumpet made of spruce covered with birch bark, known in Norway, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus. Even cruder and less durable versions were made of plain birch bark. They are associated with the early European Chalet culture, where it was presumably used to intimidate predators, frighten supernatural enemies, and convene council meetings.

The neverlur, as a natural horn, thus has no fingerholes or valves. Normally, a player can play 10 tones from the natural scale on the instrument. In the modern era, the neverlur is primarily a cultural curiosity, used for the occasional fanfare.

Tolga kulturskole (culture school) in Norway regularly teaches playing the neverlur to all interested people living in the municipality.[4]

The oldest recovered näverlur in Sweden dates back to the 10th century, and resembles earlier bronze trumpets.

Contemporary manufacturers[edit]

Norway[edit]

  • Magnar Storbækken at the company Naturinstrumenter in Tolga[5]

Sweden[edit]

  • Rune Selén was Sweden's best known näverlur manufacturer. He manufactured more than 11000 näverlurar between 1959 and 2005 when he retired because of dust allergy. He died 28 October 2011.[6][7]
  • Lisa Byers Runberg in Alunda. She was taught by Rune Selén.[8][9] Her husband Per Runberg is a folk musician and riksspelman.[10]
  • Jan Nordkvist at the company Lurmakaren in Tällberg[11]

Similar and related instruments[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.folkinstruments.lt/eng/puciamieji.htm#ragai
  2. ^ "Musikk i Latvia". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Store norske leksikon AS. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "The Music of the Baltic States". Guide to World Music. World Music Network. 16 May 2011. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  4. ^ Ellen Vibeke Nygjelten (28 February 2013). "Neverlur". The web pages of the Municipality of Tolga (in Norwegian). The Municipality of Tolga. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Magnar Storbækken (1 September 2010). "Naturinstrumenter". Company web pages (in Norwegian and English). Naturinstrumenter AS. p. Neverlur / Birch bark lure. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "Rune Seléns Kulturfond och Västgöta Horn & Lurblåsare!" (in Swedish). Arbetsgruppen för Rune Seléns Kulturfond. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Svensk sommarmusik, hyllningskonsert" (in Swedish). Stockholms Symfoniorkester. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  8. ^ Anna Ehn (25 April 2006). "Näverlurar från Alunda till Shakespearepjäs i London". Uppsala Nya Tidning (in Swedish). Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  9. ^ Anna Ehn (25 April 2006). "Näverlurar på export till Shakespearteater". Uppsala Nya Tidning (in Swedish). Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Per Runberg". Wikipedia in Swedish. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  11. ^ Jan Nordkvist. "Lurmakaren" (in Swedish and English). Lurmakaren. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "lur – blåseinstrument". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Store norske leksikon AS. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 

External links[edit]

Template:Latvian folk music