Bird food plants

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Bird food plants are certain trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants bear fruits which afford food for birds. These have been discovered by observation, and by the scientific examination of the contents of birds' stomachs. By planting those species, therefore, which have been proved most desirable and that are suited to the climate and soil of the chosen location, birds can be attracted to the vicinity of dwelling houses or to any other desired spot as a copse or shrubbery, or, on the other hand, lured away from valuable orchards, since they fortunately appear to like best arid, bitter, sour or aromatic fruits, distasteful to human beings, even better than the cultivated kinds.

Many of these bird-attracting plants are ornamental as well, since many have pretty fruits, red in color and often clinging to their branches far into the winter, furnishing grateful additions to the meager fare of hard-weather birds.

Plant genera[edit]

Trees[edit]

The mulberry (Morus) is the prime favorite, and the tree most used for luring birds away from cultivated fruits.

Shrubs[edit]

Vines[edit]

Birds[edit]

Sparrows[edit]

The many sparrows feed chiefly on weed seeds, but more acceptable plants from the gardener's point of view can be offered to them:

Ducks[edit]

Wild ducks are attracted by several aquatic and semi-aquatic plants, among the most important being:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHelen Ingersoll (1920). "Birds, Plants Attractive to". In Rines, George Edwin. Encyclopedia Americana.  This work in turn cites:
    • Kennard, H., List of Trees, Shrubs, Vines and Herbaceous Plants, native to New England, bearing fruit or seeds attractive to Birds (Reprint from Bird-Lore, v. XIV, no. 4, 1912)
    • McAtee, W. L., Plants useful to attract Birds and protect Fruit, (Reprint from Yearbook of Agriculture 1898)
    • Pamphlets, farmers' bulletins, circulars and reports published by the United States Department of Agriculture, and Bureau of Biological Survey.