Birgunj

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Birgunj
बिरगञ्‍ज/बिरगंज
Gateway of Nepal
Sub-metropolitan City
Birgunj is located in Nepal
Birgunj
Birgunj
Location of Birgunj in Nepal
Coordinates: 27°0′N 84°52′E / 27.000°N 84.867°E / 27.000; 84.867Coordinates: 27°0′N 84°52′E / 27.000°N 84.867°E / 27.000; 84.867
Country    Nepal
Zone Narayani Zone
District Parsa District
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,85,011
Time zone Nepal Time (UTC+5:45)
Postal code 44300, 44301
Area code(s) +977-51-5xxxxx

Birgunj (also Birganj) (Nepali: बिरगंज) is a sub-metropolitan municipality and border town in Parsa District in the Narayani Zone of southern Nepal.It is also called "Gateway of Nepal". It lies 283 km south of the capital Kathmandu, 3 km north of the border of the Indian state of Bihar. As an entry point to Nepal from Patna and Kolkata, it is also known as the gateway to Nepal. The town has significant economic importance for Nepal as a large part of goods enter Nepal through Birgunj via Raxaul on the Indian side. Tribhuvan Highway links it to Kathmandu.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2013 census of uk, Birgunj had a population of 285011. It is the biggest city in Narayani Zone and is a headquarters of Parsa District. It is also second largest city of Nepal. In addition to Nepali, several other languages are spoken in the town including Bhojpuri, Hindi, Maithili, Marwari and English. Birgunj is known for financial capital of Country and as major trade hub.

Economy[edit]

Birgunj is a major business centre of Nepal, especially for trade with India. Almost all trade with India occurs through this route. the bordering town Raxaul (India) has become one of the busiest town for heavy transportation due to high trade volume. The 29 km distance from Birgunj to Pathlaiya is the busiest highway in Nepal. Important industries are sugar refinery, cigarette manufacturer, drugs manufacturer,raw materials,food items,clothes,agro-farm,greenhouse,Agarbatti(Scandals),Soya-factory,[1] chemical industries, paper manufacturer, steel & rolling mills, Cement Mills & Clinker Plant, Rice Mill, Distillery, Cooking Gas Refiling Plant, and fish-breeding. Almost 56% of the total products of this city are exported to indian State of Bihar of which Cigrattes,Agarbattis and Raw food products and daily nees such as Soyabeans,NUTS,Beans,Sugarcane,Detergents,Soaps,Candles,fragnance,Chocolates, Plastics, fragnances,purfumes, Cooking Oil and so on. SOURCE: CPS,NEPAL 2013, Annual UN Report Bureau.

The Nepalese bordering gate to India in Birgunj.

Schools[edit]

1. Trijuddha Higher Secondary School 2. Birgunj Public Higher Secondary School 3. Beacon English Boarding School 3. Gautam School 4. Shree Adarsh Secondary School 5. GHP School 6. Gyan Jyoti School 7. Mount star secondary school 8. vidhya sagar secondary school 9. Manakamana English Boarding School 10. DAV RB kedia high School 11. Marigold higher Secondary School 12. Children Paradise School 13. Himalayan English Boarding School 14. Alpine Secondary School 15. Trinity Secondary School 16. Kadambari School 17. St. Xavier Secondary School 18. Holyland English Secondary School 19. Vidya Sadan Secondary School 20. Gyanodaya Academy 21. Mount Edmund Secondary School 22. Siddhartha Higher Secondary School 23. Delhi Public School 24. Shree Maisthan Bidhyapeeth Higher Secondary School 25. Shree Tribhuwan Higher Secondary School 26. Railway High School 27. Shree Surji Devi Higher Secondary School 28. South Zone Secondary School 29.New Wave academy (sec. School) THE MOST DEVELOPED SCHOOLS IN BIRGUNJ ARE MOUT EDMUND SECONDARY SCHOOL,D.P.S,D.A.V,GAUTAM SECONDARY SCHOOL,Mount star secondary school

Infrastructure[edit]

Birgunj as the hub of business of Nepal, infrastructure and facilities are being improved day by day. Birgunj has been providing good building structures in the city and periphery. The biggest building in the city is Triveni gopal complex followed by Ganesh apartment, laxmi compartment. Many building comprises of market such as Rungta market, Sarraf market, New market, pumpum building. New buildings are being made which comprises of Nepal Telecom, Siddartha bank, Pujan hotel.as day by day bigunj is dveloping in field of infratructure nepal telecom building is the great example for this.it has been built with all the modern techniques.same many more building are under construction.

Transport[edit]

Birgunj was the only door to and from Nepal by road at first. It was the only city that connected the country with India. Birgunj railway station was connected by the Nepal Government Railway (NGR) to Raxaul station in Bihar across the border with India. The 47 km long railway extended north to Amlekhganj in Nepal. It was built in 1927 by the British but discontinued beyond Birgunj in December 1965.[2] The 6 km long railway track from Raxaul to Birgunj was converted to broad gauge two years after the Indian railways converted the track to Raxaul inside India to broad gauge. Now broad gauge railway line connects Raxaul to Sirsiya (Birgunj) Inland Container Depot (ICD) that became fully operational in 2005. Talks have been held to reopen the railway route from Birgunj to Amlekhganj in Nepal by converting it to broad gauge because of its socio-economic importance. you can reach all the major cities of india including metropolitician cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad via train departing from raxaul.Some of the train names are given below. Satyagraha express depating from Raxaul to Delhi Mithila express departing from Raxaul to Kolkata Lokmanya Tilak express departing from Raxaul to Lokmanya Tilak(MUMBAI) HYD-RXL express departing from Raxaul to Hyderabad.


Goods are transported to India by trains to and from the Birgunj dry port, which is the key terminal of surface cargo delivery to Nepal. This cargo point on the south connects the heart of the country Kathmandu via another key industrial city Hetauda. It is also served by Tribhuvan Highway extending from the Indian border at Raxaul through Birgunj and Hetauda to Kathmandu with frequent bus service. Simara Airport - 18 km (11 mi) north near the highway in Pipara Simara, Bara district offers scheduled flights to Kathmandu.

India and Nepal have an open border with no restrictions on the movement of their without passport or visa. There is a customs checkpoint for the movement of goods and third country nationals.

2006 unrest[edit]

Main article: 2006 Birgunj unrest

On 18 May 2006 the parliament of Nepal declared that the country would now be a secular state. This led to unrest by Hindu fundamentalist groups across Nepal - the town of Birgunj was forced to close for two days.[3]

Media[edit]

To Promote local culture Birgunj has many Community radio Station. Some of them are: 1. Narayani FM - 103.8 MHz 2. Radio Bikash ra Sanchar Samaj - 105.8 MHz. 3. Indreni FM -97.6 MHz 4. Radio Birgunj -99.0MHz 5. Gadhi mai FM- 91.4 MHz 6. Radio Nepal -100 MHz Same many more websites such as yatradaily.com,prateekdaily.com gives the daily and frequence news update towards the people staying far away from the country.. terai television is the first television channel to be opened outside the capital city kathmandu alll over the nepal.(now it has also been shifted to kathmandu)

References[edit]