Birkenhead Dock Branch
|Birkenhead Dock Branch|
Footbridge at Canning Street North
(Rendel Street) level crossing.
|Line length||4.5 mi (7.2 km)|
|No. of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
Birkenhead Dock Branch is a disused railway line running from the South junction of Rock Ferry, to the site of the former Bidston Dock on the Wirral Peninsula, England. The branch is approximately 4 1⁄2 miles (7.2 km) in length and is accessible by rail from Bidston East junction and from Rock Ferry railway station. The former Mollington Street Depot was joined to the branch line. Part of the branch runs through Haymarket Tunnel and a low-level cutting. The cutting is situated in the centre of Birkenhead, visible from the road flyovers which are in the town centre. The disused Canning Street North signal box and level crossing are also situated on the branch. Level crossings are also situated across Duke Street and Wallasey Bridge Road.
At the northern end of the branch, disused goods yards are situated parallel to Birkenhead North TMD, Wallasey Bridge Road sidings, & adjacent to the Kingsway Tunnel approach road, Bidston Dock sidings. These two sets of sidings are also accessible by rail, through a series of points between Birkenhead North TMD and Bidston station.
The northern part of the track to the west of Canning Street North signal box and to the east of Wallasey Bridge Road level crossing, was owned by Mersey Docks and Harbour Company. It is presently understood to be in the ownership of Peel Holdings. The main part of this section runs parallel, on the northern side, to Corporation Road, across Duke Street, parallel Beaufort Road. The sections of the branch between and inclusive of Rock Ferry railway station, Canning Street North signal box, and the section west of Wallasey Bridge Road level crossing are understood to have been in the ownership of Railtrack and, subsequently, Network Rail.
Most of the trackwork is still in place, along the line. However, most of the sidings at Bidston Dock, and all of the sidings at Wallasey Bridge Road and Mollington Street Depot have been removed, though the track foundation remains serviceable in all of these places. The track from Bidston East Junction to Bidston station has been removed, however, here, the track foundation also remains serviceable. Further up the line, the tunnel from Birkenhead Town to Birkenhead Woodside has been partly infilled. Two of the four tracks in Haymarket Tunnel have been removed. Mollington Link bridge has been replaced and narrowed to a twin-track width. As yet, no track has been relaid onto Mollington Link bridge. Two platforms at Rock Ferry railway station are disused. The line is heavily overgrown with flora, along its entire duration. There has been a degree of flytipping at the line, in the centre of Birkenhead.
As part of the Chester and Birkenhead Railway, the railway from Rock Ferry to Birkenhead Town is one of the oldest stretches of track, in the world. The line was completed and opened on 23 September 1838, less than nine years after the Rainhill Trials, across the River Mersey, on the outskirts of Liverpool. Before Monks Ferry was opened in 1844, the line was originally to a temporary terminus known as Birkenhead Grange Lane station. Grange Lane engine shed was opened on 23 September 1840.
Pre-World War I
Ownership of the railway circa. 1913-1914 was as follows:
- Rock Ferry to Canning Street North was controlled by Birkenhead Joint Railway, whose ownership was shared between the GWR and LNWR.
- The track from Canning Street North to Wallasey Bridge Road was operated by the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board.
- The route from Wallasey Bridge Road, around the remnant of Wallasey Pool, to the site of the as-yet unbuilt Bidston Dock, was operated by the Wirral Railway.
BR Diesel Era
During the BR era, the line was used by various classes of diesel locomotive, primarily for hauling offloaded iron ore from Bidston Dock, to the John Summers Steelworks in Shotton. The John Summers wagons came under the TOPS code of PHO. Fully loaded, a train was limited to eleven of these wagons. This work was carried out by engines with a high traction capacity, usually either a Class 40 locomotive, or pairs of Class 24 or Class 25 locomotives. However, pairs of Class 20 diesels were also occasionally used, although very infrequently. This work was ceased in March 1980, when the steelworks at Shotton was closed.
Goods workings continued on the line until at least 1987, for traffic to the Spillers Mill on East Float.
The last known locomotives to have served within the dock complex were Birkenhead North TMD's allocation of Class 03 shunters, all of which have been preserved. The line was mothballed by Railtrack during the 1990s, however, the trackwork remains in place and various other railway artefacts are still in existence.
Rea Bulk Handling Locomotives
The Rea Bulk Handling Company had a small fleet of nine Drewry 0-4-0DM and 0-6-0DM diesel shunters, which operated on the dock lines. The names of these locomotives included; Theseus, Wabana, Kathleen Nichols, Pegasus, WH Salthouse, Dorothy Lightfoot, Narvik, Teucer and Pepel. A further 0-4-0DE locomotive built by the Yorkshire Engine Company, named Labrador, and of similar design to a Class 02, also worked around the Bidston Dock area.
A future option for this line, as the trackwork is still mainly in place, may be to use it as a heritage railway line which would be beneficial to local trade and tourism. Preserving this line could see the very first heritage standard gauge railway on Merseyside. If the line was to be converted into a heritage railway, there is scope and space for a new depot and exhibition warehouse to be built at either Mollington Street, Cavendish sidings or Bidston Dock. Alternatively, should part of the line ever be recommissioned by Network Rail for passenger use, there is space at the site of the former Mollington Street depot, and the site of Birkenhead Town station, for a mainline station connection, to be built, for possible direct future services to Chester and Crewe. Such a station, at the Mollington Street site, would essentially be Birkenhead Central high-level, as it would be possible to connect the upper and lower levels together, by the use of a concourse.
The former Railtrack has, in the past, indicated an interest in seeing the line reopened for goods services. However, Network Rail as of 2012 has not followed through with any action in this regard.
February 2013: Peel Holdings behind the multi million pound Wirral waters redevelopment of the docks, have announced they intend on using the abandoned rail lines in Birkenhead docklands to run a streetcar or light tram system to connect Wirral waters to the Merseyrail network. It could possibly loop around the edge of the docks via the Wallasey bridge or Duke St bridge and run to Birkenhead central via the disused cuttings & tunnels. However detailed plans have not yet been published.
- S. K. Baker (2013). Rail Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland. Oxford Publishing. ISBN 978-0-86093-651-0.
- T.B. Maund (2009). The Wirral Railway and its Predecessors. Lightmoor Press. ISBN 978-1-899889-38-9.
- Paul Shannon and John Hillmer (2002). British Railways Past and Present: Liverpool and Wirral. Past & Present Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85895-199-7.
- Birkenhead Dock Branch photo, Xan Asmodi, Flickr, retrieved 16 January 2012
- ld-birkenhead_cns.pdf, The Rail Regulator, retrieved 16 January 2012
- Station Name: BIRKENHEAD TOWN, disused-stations.org.uk, retrieved 22 January 2012
- Wirral Steam Vol.58 (DVD). B&R Video Productions.
- T.B.Maund (2009), The Wirral Railway and its Predecessors, Lightmoor Press, p. 204, ISBN 978-1-899889-38-9
- "Graveyard of the LMS EMUs.". Flickr. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- What's Up, Dock?, Flickr, retrieved 22 January 2012
- 47 203 on the local trip working in Birkenhead Docks., Flickr, retrieved 22 January 2012
- 03170 Duke St Birkenhead, Flickr, retrieved 22 January 2012
- 66214 propels Seacows onto the Up/Down Goods, John and Dave Skipsey, Youtube, retrieved 19 January 2012
- Drewry shunters Birkenhead 10/11/83, Flickr, retrieved 22 January 2012
- Drewry shunters Birkenhead 10/11/83, Flickr, retrieved 22 January 2012
- Bidston Ore Dock, Flickr, retrieved 22 January 2012
- 1982-09-28 94358 KCooke Narvik Birkenhead sm, Flickr, retrieved 22 January 2012
- T.B.Maund (2009), The Wirral Railway and its Predecessors, Lightmoor Press, p. 206, ISBN 978-1-899889-38-9
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Birkenhead Dock Branch.|
- Overhead view of Bidston Dock, the quayside and sidings. The sidings and quayside are still present, the dock has since been filled in.
- Overhead view of Wallasey Bridge Road level crossing and sidings. Birkenhead North TMD is to the bottom of this photo.
- Photograph of diesel shunter no. 03 162 'D2162 Birkenhead South 1879-1985' at Duke Street level crossing in Birkenhead in the early 1990s before the line fell into disuse.
- Photograph of the 'Birkenhead Bandit' railtour on the level crossing at Duke Street.
- The Rail Regulator