Birla Corporation

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Birla Corporation Limited, is an Indian-based flagship company of the M P Birla group of companies, founded by Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla in the late 1910s and carried on by Madhav Prasad Birla.

In the 1890s, Birla Corporation was a jute manufacturing company, but over time, it grew to operate four main divisions: cement, jute, vinoleum, and auto trim.[1] It is not a part of the Aditya Birla Group, a multinational conglomerate with products ranging from metals, cements, textiles, agricultural businesses, telecommunications, IT, and financial services. Formerly known as Birla Jute Manufacturing Company Limited, with the expansion of divisions, the company changed their name in 1998 to Birla Corporation Limited.

History[edit]

Before Birla Corporation Ltd.[edit]

Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla’s grandfather, Shiv Narayana Birla used his capital from a moneylending business and started a cotton business. With a successful venture, he went back to Pilani, his birthplace, and built a mansion for the family. Business boomed with World War I as the British Empire relied on Birla to provide for the war efforts. GD Birla inherited the family business and expanded into many industries, and by 1919, the Birla Brothers Limited was formed with his other three siblings. He ventured into the motor vehicle industry, tea, textiles, cement, chemicals, and by 1942, also organized the United Commercial Bank Limited, one of the first commercial banks of India. While still in the early years of the Birla Group, an inkling of the future of Birla Brothers Limited was depicted in GD Birla’s life.

Founding of Birla Corporation Ltd.[edit]

Born in 1918, Madhav Prasad of Bombay, son of GD Birla, was a part of the Birla Jute Manufacturing Company since the beginning.[2] By the time he finished college, he was already in charge of Birla Jute which had suffered economic downturns and wars. Madhav changed the company from Birla Jute Manufacturing Company to a company with activities across a wide spectrum of industries. In MP Birla’s time, Birla Corporation and the other businesses under Birla Group gained significant power and stance in the cement, auto trims, steel, and building materials. When he died in 1990, his wife, Priyamvada Birla took over as the chairman of Birla in 1998 and changed the name to Birla Corporation Limited.[3] Priyamvada is known for her active roles in the community, healthcare, and education.

Recent Events[edit]

Today, the Aditya Birla Group is one of the largest multinational conglomerates in India, worth over $40 billion, a diversified Fortune 500 company in a wide variety of industries, and grounded with over 136,000 employees.

In 2013, Birla Corporation merged with its subsidiary company, Talavadi Cements Ltd as the firm could not meet requirements for raw materials due to a ban on the mines in Rajasthan.[4] This caused a decrease in the Birla stock around the months of June and July.

Problems[edit]

Birla vs Lodha dispute[edit]

When Priyamvada died in 2004, she gave the Rs 5000 crore estate to her close accountant, RS Lodha, who was a co-chairman, eventually became chairman of Birla Corporation.[5] This estate included key holdings in the East India Investments Co and Gwalior Webbing, Birla Corporation, Vidhya Telelinks, and Universal cables, among others. However, the Birla family challenged the Lodha family in court in 2008 about the contents of the will, and Priyamvada’s previous two wills. By then, the case changed course with the sudden death of RS Lodha in October 2008.[6] In her will, Priyamvada declared that after RS Lodha, his son, Harsh Lodha would inherit the estates. Since the will was written in 1999 and was not officially granted “probate,” the Lodha family currently holds the MP Birla group.[7][8]

Cement in 2011[edit]

In 2011, Birla Corporation faced problems with overproduction of cement during a long period of decreasing demand. Naturally, Harsh Lodha became worried for the corporation since cement is the largest revenue generator for Birla Corp.[9] He is currently looking into other alternatives for growth in the coal industry. Meanwhile, Birla Corporation has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Assam Mineral Development for a cement plant in Assam where Birla will invest Rs 2500 crores over a time span of three years.[10]

Harsh Lodha Indicted[edit]

Harsh Lodha and his brother, Aditya Lodha were indicted in 2013 for malpractice. Three members of the Birla Corporation, Om Prakash Agarwal, Suresh Kumar Sharma, and Shashi Agarwal claimed there was malpractice in the firm and alleged misconduct in falsifying the information about the number of partners in the firm. This was a problem as Aditya Lodha has a part in the Chartered Accountant firm Lodha and Company. His brother, Harsh, is the chairman of Birla Corporation. At the time, Lodha and Company was the auditor of Birla Corporations. As a result, the ICAI suspended Harsh and Aditya Lodha for 3 months.[11]

Socio-Economic Sustainability[edit]

Healthcare[edit]

Birla Corporation is a supporter of health, education, and social welfare under the MP Birla Group. Priyamvada Birla showed interest in health care, thus helping to build many hospitals and funding research ranging from eye health to cardiology, neurology, and orthopedics. A well-known hospital in Maharashtra is the Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital, which specializes in preventive care and maternity care.[12] Likewise, Priyamvada also founded the Priyamvada Birla Cancer Research Institute and joined with Aravind Eye Care Center to build the Priyamvada Birla Aravind Eye Hospital.[13] Medical students train at these hospitals with state-of-the-art medical equipment.[14]

Education[edit]

To motivate and push students in academic excellence, the MP Birla Foundation built many schools in India. These schools include institutions for excellence, industrial training in computers, mechanical and electrical studies, a Sanskrit school for students interested in Vedic studies. They also cater to children of employees at Birla with a quality education taught in Hindi and financial aid for students.[15] The Birla Foundation, founded by MP Birla, strives to develop innovative and strong individuals and prepare them for the world.

Chairpersons

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Birla Corp Ltd History". Retrieved 2014-04-27.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  2. ^ Piramal, Gita. "Business Legends". Business Legends. Penguin Books. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Birla Corp Ltd". BusinessWeek. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Birla Corp in merger mode". The Telegraph. A Staff Reporter. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "Lodha becomes chairman of Birla Corporation". The Economic Times. Retrieved 27 April 2014.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  6. ^ "Calcutta HC ruling in Birla-Lodha dispute". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 April 2014.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  7. ^ "Management - Board Of Directors". Birla Corporation Ltd. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  8. ^ Paul, Aniek. "Lodha dies in London; cases not important says BK Birla". Livemint. HT Media. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "Huge overcapacity in cement worries Birla Corporation". The Economic Times. PTI. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  10. ^ "Birla Corp MoU for Assam cement plant". Business Standard: News & analysis on economy, business and market. BS Reporter. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "ICAI suspends Harsh Lodha, Aditya Lodha for 3 months". Business Standard. BS Reporter. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  12. ^ ".:: Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital ::.". .:: Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital ::. .:: Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital ::. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  13. ^ Mukherjee, Writankar (May 2, 2007). "MP Birla group to set up cancer centre". The Economic Times Healthcare. The Economic Times. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Birla Corporation Ltd.". Birla Corporation Ltd. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  15. ^ "Birla Corporation Ltd. - Education". Birla Corporation Ltd. Retrieved 27 April 2014.