Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra

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"Birla Institute of Technology" redirects here. For the similarly named institute in Pilani, see Birla Institute of Technology and Science.
Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra
बिरला प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान
Bitmesra.JPG
Main building of Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra
Motto सा विद्या या विमुक्तये
(Sā Vidyā Yā Vimuktaye)
Motto in English Learning is that which Liberates
Established 1955
Type Deemed University
Chairman C. K. Birla
Chancellor Syed Ahmed
Vice-Chancellor Dr. M. K. Mishra
Academic staff 350
Undergraduates 2955 annual intake
Postgraduates 1013 annual intake
Location Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
Campus 780 acres (3.2 km2)
Affiliations AICTE, ACU, AIU, PCI, NAAC, NBA, UGC
Website www.bitmesra.ac.in
BIT Mesra logo.png

Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra (BIT Mesra), is an autonomous engineering and technology oriented institute of higher education located in Ranchi, Jharkhand, India. It is a Deemed University under section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956.

Since the inception of main campus in Mesra (Ranchi) in 1955, BIT has established campuses in Lalpur (Ranchi), Allahabad, Kolkata, Noida, Jaipur, Patna and Deoghar, and overseas centres in Muscat (Oman)& Ras al-Khaimah (UAE).

History[edit]

The Birla Institute of Technology was established in 1955 at Mesra, Ranchi, Jharkhand by the philanthropist and industrialist B M Birla. The institute was affiliated to Patna University until 1960 and then to Ranchi University. BIT was declared a deemed university in 1986 under section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 under notification No. F. 9-2/83-U.3 August 28, 1986.

BIT was the first institute in India to establish a department of space engineering and rocketry, in 1964.[1] BIT introduced the concept of Small Industries Entrepreneurs' Park and became the first institute in the country not just to provide 'nursery sheds' and central designing and workshop facilities to young entrepreneurs, but also to facilitate the initial project funding.

Small Industries Research and Development Organization (SIRDO) was set up in 1970 as a launching pad for small manufacturing enterprises run by technical graduates of BIT. Companies born from this concept include Meditron, Alcast etc. This idea was appreciated by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India and spread to other leading institutes of India such as IITs by the Government as a concept of Science and Technological Entrepreneurs Park (STEP). The first STEP was approved and located in BIT Mesra. The entrepreneurship development cell was founded in 2007 and is run by the students. To add financial strength to this effort, BIT has set up SIDBI Center for Innovation and Incubation (SCII) by an arrangement with Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) to provide a limited period of time to new entrepreneurs, start up companies, and technology based organisations, to facilitate Research and Development operations in areas of interest with the faculty of the institute.[2]

BIT became the first technical University in India to establish an Overseas Extension Centre – at Bahrain, in 2000. It is one of the few universities in India to be accorded a supercomputer (PARAM 10000[3]) at the core of its IT infrastructure.

The institute along with its campuses within India as well as Off-Shore campuses has more than 12,000 students enrolled for undergraduate and postgraduate programmes. It has more than 150 registered students for the PhD programmes.

Organization and administration[edit]

BIT functions under the control of a Board of Governors, comprising representatives of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, the U.G.C., the State Government, the Chancellor, the A.I.C.T.E., the Hindustan Charity Trust and the Institute Faculty. C. K. Birla is the Chairman of the Board of Governors. The Governor of the state of Jharkhand is the Chancellor of the Institute. The Technical Council headed by vice chancellor decides the academic policy of the Institute.[4]

Campus[edit]

Extension Centres Within India: Lalpur (Ranchi), Allahabad, Kolkata, Noida, Jaipur, Patna & Deoghar

The main campus of the Institute at Mesra is located 16 kilometres from Ranchi in a 780-acre (3.2 km2) setting at the confluence of the rivers Jhumar and Suvarnarekha. The Mesra campus is entirely residential, providing accommodation to 3200 undergraduate and postgraduate students and 550 members of faculty and staff. The infrastructure includes research laboratories, lecture halls, workshops, playground, gymnasium and a central library with over 100,000 books, journals and electronic databases.

Campus facilities[edit]

Golden Jubilee auditorium
  • 780-acre (3.2 km2) campus
  • Built up covered area exceeding 840,000 sq ft (78,000 m2)
  • Golden Jubilee auditorium as well as a Mini auditorium
  • PARAM 10000 super computer
  • 100 Mbit/s LAN Connection in all BIT hostels rooms
  • R&D building housing computer and scientific labs.
  • Post Office
  • Indian Railways Reservation Counter
  • A three storied library. There is a separate internet facility inside the library in order to let students read IEEE and other journals
  • UCO Bank branch with an ATM.
  • State Bank of India ATM
  • ICICI Bank ATM
  • 16 bed hospital.
  • Lord Shiva temple
  • Buses run between campus and Ranchi city, from 0600 hrs to 1900 hrs, at regular intervals.
  • Co-operative shops.
  • Food canteens.
  • Medical Store.
  • Sports complex.
  • Music room.

Central facilities[edit]

Central The CAD Laboratory is a central facility of the institute where all users – undergraduate and postgraduate students, research scholars and faculty members – can work with design and analysis software. They can learn to use the latest software and carry out their research work.

R&D Building

Central Computing Facilities (CCF) The maintenance and upkeep of the CCF is done by the Department of Computer Science and Engineering; however the CCF is used by students and staff from all departments of the Institute.

The PARAM 10000 Supercomputer was gifted to the Institute by C-DAC, in recognition of the Institute’s commitment towards quality higher education and research. The PARAM supports projects that require parallel processing and multi processor capabilities.

Central Instrumentation Facility (CIF) The Central Instrumentation Facility (CIF) was established in 2006 under the Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP), funded by the World Bank and Government of Jharkhand, with an objective to provide instrumentation facilities for advanced research, to faculty.

Central Library The Central Library was established in 1955. It has print and electronic resources in the fields of science and technology. The collection includes 10,000 online journals, 100 print journals, 113,000 books, 2500 CDs, 60 audiocassettes and 4000 project reports.

Academics[edit]

Departments and programmes[edit]

BIT has 21 academic departments. It offers undergraduate B.E./B.Tech. degrees and M.E./M.Tech. degrees in the various engineering departments. MSc degrees are offered in applied sciences and B.Pharm./M.Pharm. in pharmaceutical sciences. The department of IT also offers Master of Computer Application. The department of architecture offers Bachelor of Architecture and Master of Urban Planning (MUP) degrees. The university also has a Master of Business Administration (MBA) programme and a Bachelor of Hotel Management and Catering Technology (BHMCT).

International relations[edit]

BIT Mesra has established international ventures and tie-ups. It has collaborative arrangements with USA, UK, Canada, France, Italy, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, Pakistan, and China.

National collaborations[edit]

BIT offers programs in collaboration with Indian institutes and industry.

Institute publications[edit]

BIT publishes international journals through its departments. These journals have eminent personalities from India as well as abroad on their Editorial Advisory Boards.

  • Department of Architecture
  • Department of Hotel Management and Catering Technology
    • Journal of Hospitality Application and Research (JOHAR) ISSN 0973-4538
  • Department of Management
    • Journal – The Alternative
    • NewsletterBIT by BIT
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Department of Production Engineering
    • Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Research ISSN 0973-0281

Admissions[edit]

Admissions for BIT Mesra are based on All India level exams in respective fields.

Undergraduate Courses

  • B.E.: through AIEEE conducted by CBSE and Central Counselling by CCB
  • B.Arch.: through AIEEE and Central Counselling by CCB
  • B.Pharm.: through AIEEE and AIPMT
  • Bachelor of Hotel Management and Catering Technology (BHMCT): Institute Entrance Test and Interview

Postgraduate courses

  • M.E./M.Tech./M.Pharm./MUP: based on GATE scores and interviews (for GATE candidates) and Institute Entrance Test and personal interviews (for non-GATE candidates)
  • M.B.A.: through CAT conducted by IIMs, Group Discussions and Interview
  • M.C.A.: based on Online Entrance Test followed by Counselling.
  • MSc: based on scores in institute Online Entrance Test (BIT-MET) and Counselling/Interviews

Rankings[edit]

University rankings
Engineering – India
India Today[19] 24
Outlook India[20] 13
Dataquest[21] 13
CSR-GHRDC*[22] 5
Private colleges:
Mint[23] 3
CSR-GHRDC*[24] 1
* Limited participation

BIT Mesra ranked 24th in the India Today Best Engineering colleges of 2013,[19] 13th in Outlook India's Top Engineering Colleges of 2013[20] and 13th in Dataquest's Top Engineering Colleges in India of 2012.[21] It also ranked 14th by 'The Week' in top engineering colleges in India 2013 and 5th in the limited participation CSR-GHRDC's Engineering Colleges Survey of 2013.[22] In rankings limited to private institutes, is ranked 3rd in Mint's Top 50 Private Engineering Colleges of 2009.[23]

Student life[edit]

Student organisations[edit]

There are numerous active student clubs, covering various activities and events on campus:

Hostel 1, one of the hostels in the Inner Campus
  • BIOTS (Biotech Society)
  • Electronics and Communication Society (ECE SOC)
  • ACM, Students' Chapter
  • Dance Club
  • DRISTI (Directing Rural India Towards Social and Technological Integration)
  • Dramatics Society (DramSoc)
  • Entrepreneurship Development Cell (EDC)
  • Environment Protection Awareness Club (EPAC) Club
  • Electrical and Electronics Society (EEE SOC)
  • Fine Arts Society (FAS)
  • IEEE, Students' Chapter
  • IEI (Prod), Students' Chapter
  • IEI (Civil), Students' Chapter
  • IET, Students' Chapter
  • LEO Club, Students' Chapter
  • Literary Society
  • Music Club
  • NCC
  • NSS
  • News and Publication Society (NAPS)
  • Photographic Society (PSOC)
  • Team Robolution
  • Rotaract Club, Students' Chapter
  • SAE, Students' Chapter
  • Sports and Adventure Club
  • UNESQUO
    Q-BIT
Football ground

The following groups provide specialised activities platforms:

  • BIT LUG
  • Opera Campus Crew

Sports[edit]

The institute has hosted several All India as well as Zonal Level tournaments. Sports facilities are:

  • Gymnasium including multi gym
  • Stadium for track and field events
  • Cricket/football/hockey ground
  • Basketball courts
  • Volleyball courts
  • Table tennis
  • Tennis courts
  • Badminton courts (three indoor and five outdoor)

Annual festivals[edit]

BITotsav is a five-day festival organized every year in February. Teams from BIT and other colleges participate to win prizes during the event. The main attractions are Band-Nite, Dance-Nite, Music-Nite and Pro-Nite.

Pantheon is a three-day techno-cultural fest organised by the Student's Activity Council of BIT Mesra (which consists of members from all the technical and cultural clubs). Started in 2010, Pantheon is held in the monsoon semester and is usually the first event of the year. It has technical events (organised by the IET Student Chapter, Robolution and the IEEE Student Chapter) and three cultural nights (Music Night and Drama Night, Dance Night and Fugiya Night).

Dhwani was a three-day musical fest organized by the music club (now held during BITotsav).

Unnayan was a biennial international level technical festival organized by the IEEE Student Chapter at BIT Mesra, started in1997 (now held during Pantheon).

Drishtant was a national techno-management fest organised biennially by the IET Student Chapter. Started in 2005 (now part of Bitotsav).

Zeitgeist was a techno-management extravaganza organised biennially by the IEEE Student Chapter. It has witnessed events like Den Katalveno, Cashflow, Ne Plus Ultra, Galazio and others.

TechNIEEK is BIT's biannual monsoon session technical extravaganza, conducted by the IET Student chapter of BIT Mesra. . Technieek is a team based technical fest in which students form teams and compete in technical and non-technical events. On the final day the first six teams battle it out in a Core-Night, which determines the winning team of Technieek.

Spardha was an annual intra-BIT technical festival organized by the IEEE student chapter, BIT Mesra. The IEEE student chapter does not hold Spardha any more .

ColossIEIum was an annual festival organized by The BIT Students Chapter (CS and ET Division) of The Institution of Engineers (India). The online events of Pantheon now go under the name 'Colossieium'.

Samaagam is an All India Management Festival, organized each year by the Department of Management, with participation from nationwide B-schools. Some of the events are Business Quiz, Brand Equity, Stock Exchange, Business Bazigaar, Paper presentation.

Technika is the annual technical festival of the Patna Campus of the institute. Started in 2009 TECHNIKA has emerged to be one of the largest technical festival in the region drawing more than 1000 participants.

Deepotsav is a cultural festival which is organized during DIWALI break by LEO CLUB, for the institute students and teachers.

Sports meet is the annual Intramural Sports meet.

Srijan is an annual art and photography exhibition at BIT, Lalpur organized by the Fine Arts Society.

Dandia Nite is an annual cultural event organised every year by Dance Club during Navratris which is one of the most awaited and successful event at the institute.

Other divisions at Mesra, Ranchi: University Polytechnic[edit]

The University Polytechnic was established in 2001, as a joint venture of the Department of Welfare, Government of Jharkhand and BIT, Mesra, to impart Diploma level technical education amongst the youths of Jharkhand. The campus of the University Polytechnic is located close to the National Highway 33 in the vicinity of the BIT Main campus. Spread over an area of 13 acres (53,000 m2), it is on the outskirts of Ranchi, surrounded by green forests.

The University Polytechnic is fully residential with three large hostels, (two for boys and one for girls), accommodating about 450 students. It has twenty full-time faculty and an equal number of visiting faculty from BIT Mesra. It has a library, laboratories, training and placement cell and sports and games facilities.

The University Polytechnic conducts the following 3-year courses:

  • BSc in Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT)
  • Diploma in Technology (Automobile)
  • Diploma in Technology (Electrical)
  • Diploma in Technology (Electronics)
  • Diploma in Technology (Computer)
  • Diploma in Technology (Manufacturing)

The selections for admission are based only on marks obtained in the Matriculation (for Diplomas)/Intermediate (for BMLT) Board examinations.

Campuses of BIT, Mesra within India and Overseas[edit]

BIT has established several casmpuses, spread across several major cities within the country as well as overseas, function under the academic and administrative control of the parent university i.e. BIT, Mesra. Intake process for the extension centres is as stringent as that of the main campus and only the top rankers find admission.

The centres offer programmes ranging from undergraduate level to programmes in Computer Applications and Business Management. The students from these centres are placed in visiting organizations through the centralized campus recruitment programme at BIT Mesra as well as at the respective extension centres.

India –Deoghar Jaipur, Patna, Kolkata, Allahabad, Noida, & Lalpur.
Overseas –Bahrain, Muscat (Oman), Ras al-Khaimah (UAE), Mauritius & SriLanka

BIT Mesra, Deoghar Campus[edit]

The Jharkhand Government, willing to spread the academic excellence of BIT further across the state, made a request to the institute to establish an Extension Centre at Deoghar. BIT responded wholeheartedly and subsequently, a MoU was signed between the Institute and the Government of Jharkhand. Thus, the Deoghar Extension Centre of BIT commenced functioning in October 2007 as the eighth of the Institute’s campuses within India offering undergraduate programs in different streams of engineering. As per the provisions of the MoU the Deoghar Extension Centre offers B.E. programs in Computer Science, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering. It was also decided that 50% seats would be for students acquiring eligible qualifications from Institutions located in Jharkhand while the remaining 50% would be for students from the other states of the country. From the academic year 2008-09 the intake at BIT Deoghar has been increased to 270 seats - 60 each in Computer Science, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electrical & Electronics Engineering and Mechanical Engineering and 30 in Production Engineering. Admission has been through AIEEE 2008, with Central Counselling conducted by the Central Counselling Board.

BIT Mesra Jaipur Campus[edit]

The Birla Institute of Technology, Extension Centre, Jaipur was started in 1995 in the campus of the Birla Institute of Scientific Research (BISR). The centre started by offering postgraduate programmes in computer science and computer applications. Since then the range of programmes as well as the facilities have expanded to offer a wide range of academic programmes both undergraduate and postgraduate level. There is no hostel facility at this institute.

Admission to the BE Programme is through the AIEEE Exam. The selection is based upon the AIEEE rank independent of the main Institute.

BIT Mesra Patna Campus[edit]

The Institute's Extension Centre at Patna was established in 2006, on the request of the Government of Bihar. A Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the Institute and the Government of Bihar in December 2005. Subsequently, the Government of Bihar allotted 25 acres (100,000 m2) of land located between the Bihar Veterinary College and the Jai Prakash Narayan International Airport at Patna and also agreed to release the requisite funds for establishing the Centre. The foundation stone of the centre was laid on 24 December 2005 and construction started in April 2006.

The Patna Centre is fully residential. All the hostels are inside the institute campus. The infrastructure includes laboratories, lecture halls, workshops, playgrounds, gymnasium, canteen and a library. The plans for the centre include construction of 525,000 square feet of academic space, hostel accommodation for 1200 students and residential facilities for staff, dispensary, playground, gym and guesthouse.

The institute is being developed as a separate institution, with the granting of a deemed university status. The institute is to be developed into a Center of Excellence.

BIT Mesra Lalpur Campus[edit]

The institute started a centre for Continuing Education or Technology Centre in 1976 at Lalpur in Ranchi, initially offering only part-time postgraduate M.E. courses for disciplines such as Mechanical, Civil, Electrical and Electronics Engineering. It was primarily for the benefit of officers working in Ranchi-based public sector undertakings and private industries such as MECON, SAIL, HEC, CIL, CMPDI, Shriram Ball-bearings Limited, Usha Martin Industries Limited, and nationalised banks who wished to upgrade their qualifications. Part-time M.E. degree courses were initially offered as evening courses, subsequently the MBA, MCA and DCA courses were offered. The laboratory classes were conducted on Sundays and holidays at the main Mesra campus. This Centre is now referred to as the BIT Lalpur Extension Centre.

In 1997 the centre started the full-time courses, BSc Computer Science and BSc Electronics courses and in 1998 the BCA course for girls only. The success of these courses led to extra shifts being added in 1999 and the courses being opened for boys also. In 1999, MSc in information technology and MSc in Electronics and Telecommunication courses for girls only and BBAcourse for girls and boys were introduced. The Lalpur Extension Centre has over 1768 students on its rolls with 560 post graduate students.

BIT Mesra Kolkata Campus[edit]

The Kolkata Extension Centre was established in 1995. It is located in the southern part (Rajdanga, Kasba) of the city and is well connected with the rest of Kolkata The premises of the Centre includes a computer laboratory with a server room, several lecture rooms, a seminar hall, and a library. Students have free access to online journals through ACM, IEEE and Emerald-online. The whole Centre is networked and internet facilities are provided through a 128 kbit/s leased line.

BIT Allahabad Campus[edit]

The extension centre at Allahabad was established in January 1998. It has five academic departments namely Department of Computer Science, Department of Management, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering and Department of Mechanical Engineering. The centre has a library with a large number of books and technical journals. A digital library for on-line access of books and journals has also been provided for staff and students.

BIT Mesra Noida Campus[edit]

The campus at Noida was started in 1998 with the BCA course. It has a location advantage to engage guest faculty from industry and other institutions for specialised lectures as Noida is a gateway to a large number of IT companies and other major corporates in the NCR. The Campus is headed by Cdr BR Sharma, an alumnus of BIT Ranchi since 2011. Number of new facilities have come up in the Campus in his tenure. The campus is leading centre in NCR in Computer Science, Animation and Management Studies.

The Centre registers scholars for PhD programmes in Management,Mass Communication and Computer Science. The Noida Extension Centre was the first institute in India to set up a full fledged degree course in BSc in Animation and Multimedia. An International Research Centre on Fourth Generation Mobile Communication System (IRC – 4G) has been set up under EAGER -NetWiC Project of Asia Link Programme by European Commission.[25]

Notable alumni[edit]

Some of the distinguished Alumni of the Institute are listed below. A detailed list is available here. According to Toptalent.in,BIT mesra ranks 10th in India for successful start-ups by the alumni.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kreh, William (May 1962). "Science Overseas". Popular Mechanics (Chicago, Illinois: Hearst Magazines) 117 (5): 22. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  2. ^ SIDBI. "SIDBI's National Programme on Innovation and Incubation for Small Scale Industries". Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  3. ^ "PARAM 10000 at Premier Institutes". C-DAC. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  4. ^ "Governance". Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra. Retrieved 2010-12-01. 
  5. ^ EAGER – NetWiC. "Euro – Asian Network Strengthening Graduate Education and Research in Wireless Communication" (Press release). Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  6. ^ Purdue University. "Study Abroad, Program Details, Birla Institute of Technology". Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  7. ^ BIT Mesra. "Dual degrees beckon BITians". Retrieved 2008-08-27. [dead link]
  8. ^ University of Leeds. "Articulation Agreement with Birla Institute of Technology, India". Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  9. ^ University of Leeds. "Advance Entry Agreement between Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi and University of Leeds, U.K". Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  10. ^ University of New Brunswick. "Our Educational Partners". Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  11. ^ n+i. "Foreign Universities,n+i Partners". Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  12. ^ Università di Udine. "Partners, International PhD in Computer Science". Retrieved 2008-11-13. 
  13. ^ Cargill Global Scholars Program. "Cargill launches new Cargill Global Scholars Program in 5 countries". Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  14. ^ IRIMEE. "Under Graduate Course, Special Class Railway Apprentice(SCRA)". Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  15. ^ Institution of Engineers. "Postgraduate Programme for Practicing Engineers". Retrieved 2008-11-18. 
  16. ^ ITM, Mumbai. "Collaborative Research Program (PhD Degree) in Management" (Press release). Retrieved 2008-09-24. 
  17. ^ ICICI Prudential. "PGPMI at BIT Mesra". Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  18. ^ Lotus Clinical Research Academy, Bangalore. "University Approved Courses". Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  19. ^ a b "Best Engineering colleges 2013". India Today. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2013. 
  20. ^ a b "Top Engineering Colleges". Outlook India. 16 June 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  21. ^ a b "India's Top Engineering Colleges 2012 (DQ-CMR T-Schools Survey 2012)". archive.dqindia.com/. Dataquest. 15 December 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  22. ^ a b "GHRDC-CSR Engineering Colleges Survey 2013" (PDF). Competition Success Review (Competition Success Review and the Global Human Resources Development Centre): 1–6. July 2013. 
  23. ^ a b "Top 50 Private Engineering Colleges of 2009" (PDF). Mint. 23 June 2009. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  24. ^ "GHRDC-CSR Engineering Colleges Survey 2013 - Private Caleges" (PDF). Competition Success Review (Competition Success Review and the Global Human Resources Development Centre): 1–4. July 2013. 
  25. ^ "BIT mobile research cell in Noida". The Telegraph (Kolkata) (Ranchi). 26 October 2004. Retrieved 2009-01-07. 
  26. ^ http://businesstoday.intoday.in/story/v.-vaidyanathan-behind-future-capital-deal/1/185538.html
  27. ^ http://www.capfirst.com/board-members
  28. ^ Forbes http://www.forbes.com/profile/v-vaidyanathan/ |url= missing title (help). 
  29. ^ http://www.moneycontrol.com/news/announcements/dcm-shriram-industries-outcomeboard-meeting_987205.html/
  30. ^ http://www.moneycontrol.com/stocks/stock_market/corp_notices.php?autono=738883
  31. ^ http://money.rediff.com/companies/news/dcm-shriram-industries-ltd/807AE3FA-2331-419C-9B57-60916BF3EEA9
  32. ^ http://m.goodreturns.in/news/2013/11/11/dcm-shriram-outcome-board-222847.html
  33. ^ http://money.livemint.com/News/Market/123369/B/11-12-2013/A999/A999/17.aspx
  34. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-kerala/new-vssc-director/article6164975.ece?ref=sliderNews

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°24′44″N 85°26′24″E / 23.41222°N 85.44000°E / 23.41222; 85.44000