Birla Institute of Technology and Science
|Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani|
|बिरला प्रौद्योगिकी एवं विज्ञान संस्थान पिलानी|
|Motto||ज्ञानं परमं बलम्
(jñānaṁ paramaṁ balam)
|Motto in English||"Knowledge is supreme power."|
|Established||1929. Became a Deemed University in 1964.|
|Chancellor||Kumar Mangalam Birla|
|Vice-Chancellor||B N Jain|
|Affiliations||ACU, WACE, UGC NAAC, PCI, AIU|
The Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani (Hindi: बिरला प्रौद्योगिकी एवं विज्ञान संस्थान पिलानी; BITS Pilani) is an Indian institute of higher education and a deemed university under Section 3 of the UGC Act. The university has 15 academic departments, and focuses primarily on undergraduate education in engineering and the sciences. BITS has campuses in Pilani, Goa (BITS Pilani Goa Campus), Hyderabad (BITS Pilani Hyderabad Campus), Dubai (BITS Pilani, Dubai Campus) and an extension center in Bangalore. Although the campuses are primarily autonomous, the same degrees are awarded at all campuses by the university. BITS was the first Indian educational institution to establish a campus abroad.
The institute was established in its present form in 1964, with a vision of realising Jawaharlal Nehru’s project of nation-building and an emphasis on "science, technology and modernization". During this period, the institute's transformation from a regional engineering college to a national university was backed by G.D. Birla. Massachusetts Institute of Technology provided the technical assistance required by the change.
BITS administers the all-India computerised competitive entrance examination, BITSAT (BITS Admission Test), the first of its kind in the country. Based on the number of applications received, 136,000 students were expected to take BITSAT-2012 for 4,000 seats at the institute (68 students per seat). Its acceptance rate was less than 2.94% in 2012,[dead link] making it India's most selective university. Admission is merit-based, as assessed by the BITSAT examination. The fully residential institute is privately supported.
The school has strong ties to industry, exemplified by the off-campus Work Integrated Learning Program (WILP) which enrolled 19,000 students from corporations in 2009. Practical experience in industry is part of the curriculum in the Practice School program, where students work with companies in India and abroad.
- 1 History
- 2 Admission
- 3 Pilani campus
- 4 Student life
- 5 Academics
- 6 Reputation
- 7 Alumni
- 8 Campuses
- 9 Gallery: Pilani campus
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The institute traces its origins to 1901, when Shiv Narainji Birla founded a patshala (traditional Indian school) in Pilani with one teacher (Roop Ram Shastri) to educate his grandsons Ghanshyam Das Birla and Rameshwar Das Birla. From 1925 to 1929 the patshala became a high school, and the institute was founded in 1929 by Ghanshyam Das Birla as an intermediate college. The Birla Education Trust was founded in 1943; the intermediate college became a degree college and later offered postgraduate courses.
During World War II the government of India established a technical training center at Pilani, Rajasthan, to train technicians for defence and industry. In 1946 it became the Birla Engineering College, with degree programmes in electrical and mechanical engineering. The masters programme in electronics began in 1955.
During the 1950s, the first Indian Institute of Technology was established by the Indian government to provide advanced engineering and scientific manpower for the Indian economy. Realizing that he needed better institutions to train highly skilled engineers for his own companies and others in India, Ghanshyam Das Birla decided that "his companies, and his country, needed a private IIT, and that MIT alone should provide the blueprint for the institute and train its faculty". He wrote to James Killian, president of MIT, asking for support. Killian offered a list of advisors headed by MIT alumnus Thomas Drew, then at Columbia University. MIT and the Ford Foundation agreed to help with the project. The Ford Foundation sent Drew and an MIT colleague to India in spring 1963 to draw up detailed plans for "transforming a lackluster complex of colleges supported by the Birla Education Trust, including the Birla Engineering College, into a worthy competitor of the IIT's". In August 1965 the foundation approved a two-year, $1.45 million grant to MIT for developing BITS, with a renewal expected as the project continued.
Reacting to criticism about the project, Drew (now head of the MIT advisory board) said:
I do not believe [Birla] supposes or wants an American MIT set down in India. In my judgment to attempt to develop such an American institution in India would be like trying to graft apples on a pine tree. We have not been asked to make such an attempt. We were asked to help devise in India an Indian technological school to produce graduates with the know-how to produce knowledge pertinent for India…. In many respects they consider us immature, rude, hypocritical barbarians who in certain respects happened to hit it lucky. To be viable in India an institution must be framed with Indian values in mind.
In 1964, under the direction of the MIT advisory board, the Birla Colleges of Arts, Commerce, Engineering, Pharmacy and Science were merged to form the Birla Institute of Technology & Science. The board provided direction in developing a curriculum, selecting equipment, upgrading the library and recruiting (and training) an Indian faculty. After Drew reached his mandatory retirement age, MIT electrical engineer David White headed the committee for two years. To quicken the pace of reform he convinced Birla to hire former head of Harcourt Butler Technological Institute C. R. Mitra as the new director of the institute. Mitra advocated a "practice school" internship program, more ambitious than what MIT had done, as a requirement for faculty and students. The Practice School Program is still a requirement for students in BITS.
According to Robert Kargon and Stuart Leslie:
BITS offered an opportunity [to the Ford Foundation and MIT] to build a leading technological university in India responsive to India's goals, to produce practising engineers who will be in a position to graduate and to build industries in India, under Indian conditions. With its emphasis on the Practice School and ties to Indian industry, it helped educate Indian industrialists along with Indian engineers who would remain in India, in contrast to many other engineering colleges in India, most of whose graduates would leave the country after obtaining their basic engineering education. The Ford Foundation Evaluators...proudly noted that the Indian government, despite having given no direct financial support, was looking to BITS to provide a model for future development in education in engineering and science in India.
In 1999, enrollment expanded from 2,500 to 4,000 and campuses were founded in Dubai (2000) and Goa (2004). In 2006, BITS Pilani acquired 200 acres (81 ha) of land from the Andhra Pradesh government through the Hyderabad Urban Development Authority for a new campus. The land is located in Jawaharnagar, Shameerpet Mandal in the Rangareddy district. The BITS Pilani Hyderabad campus opened in 2008; the school also has a virtual university and an extension center in Bangalore.
Chancellor and academic head
BITS Pilani has a tradition of long-serving chancellors and vice-chancellors. Its founder, G.D. Birla, was chancellor from the college's inception until his death in 1983. He was followed by his son, Krishna Kumar Birla, who was chancellor until his death in 2008. Currently, Kumar Mangalam Birla is chancellor and Shobhana Bhartia is pro-chancellor.
The first academic head of the institution was V. Lakshminarayan, who served from 1946 to 1969. He was succeeded by BITS directors C.R. Mitra (1969–1989) and S. Venkateswaran (1989–2006). With the advent of multiple campuses the overall head was known as "vice-chancellor"; "director" denoted the head of a campus. L.K. Maheshwari became the first vice-chancellor in 2006; Bijendra Nath Jain is the current vice-chancellor and fifth academic head.
Pilani, Goa and Hyderabad campuses
Since 2005 admission to BITS has been offered based on student performance on the all-India Entrance Examination, the BITS Admission Test (BITSAT). The test, for which applications are submitted in December, is conducted online in May and June in cities all over India. The exam tests the candidate's knowledge, reasoning and analytical abilities in English, physics, chemistry, mathematics and logical reasoning, and is based on higher secondary curricula in India and abroad. To be eligible for admission, students are required to obtain a minimum average grade of 75 percent in physics, chemistry and mathematics (with a minimum grade of 60 percent in each subject) in their higher secondary examination. In 2012 BITSAT was the most competitive examination in Asia, with a selection ratio of 1.4 percent. In a 2011 survey, 90 percent of students chose BITS Pilani over non-core branches of old IITs, making it the second-most-popular college of India (after the older IITs).[not in citation given] Top scorers in higher secondary examinations from each board are exempted from the BITSAT test, and are considered for direct admission. BITSAT differs from the conventional written examination; the online exam is given at over 20 locations throughout India.
Admission to Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani – Dubai Campus is solely based on scores in the 12th standard qualifying exam. Although the BITS Pilani-Dubai campus was established for the educational requirements of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, admission is open to students of all nationalities.
Pilani is located 220 kilometres (140 mi) west of Delhi and 217 kilometres (135 mi) north of Jaipur; the BITS campus is south of the bus stand. The area of the campus (which includes the Birla Education Trust) is over 990 acres (401 ha); its developed area is 49 acres (19.8 ha), of which 60,769 square metres (15.02 acres) is used for the BITS building. The campus has 11,245 square metres (121,040 sq ft) of classrooms and 7,069 square metres (76,090 sq ft) of laboratories.
BITS has a Birla Mandir dedicated to the goddess Saraswati, Sharda Peeth, built by G. D. Birla. The white marble temple is built on a 7-foot (2.1 m)-high foundation, with 70 pillars for support. It covers an area of 25,000 square feet (2,300 m2). The Pilani campus has India's first technological museum, the Birla Museum. Built in 1954, it showcases technological achievements. BITS has a 2,535-square-metre (27,290 sq ft) auditorium decorated with paintings by students from the department of art and design.
Residential and dining facilities
The institute has eleven hostels for men and one for women. The hostels are named for saints, historical and religious figures. Every two men's hostels share a dining area, and there is a separate dining area for the women's hostel. All dining areas are student-managed. Students may also dine at the institute canteen (IC), the All-Night Canteen (ANC) and the Student Activity Centre (SAC) cafeteria (Food King). The ANC is also student-managed.
Vision 2020, Mission 2012
In 2010 the institute launched a renewal project, “Vision 2020, Mission 2012”, to identify and implement measures establishing BITS Pilani as one of India’s top three research-led universities by 2015 and among the leading 25 technical universities in Asia by 2020. As a part of this initiative, Kumar Mangalam Birla visited the Pilani campus on 13 November 2011 with pro-chancellor Shobhana Bhartia and other members of the board of governors. At this meeting, Birla announced a ₹4 billion fund for renovation and construction of new academic buildings and student hostels on the Pilani campus. The project is planned to be completed by 2014.
- The SPIC MACAY (Society For Promotion of Indian Classical Music and Culture Among Youth) BITS Pilani chapter seeks to conserve and promote the Indian cultural tapestry among youth by focusing on the classical arts with their legends, rituals, mythology and philosophy.
- The BITS Alumni Affairs Division maintains contact with alumni worldwide, involving them in the development of the institute.
- The BITS Radio-Control (RC) Club, group of RC enthusiast, model aircraft builders, hackers. Conducts workshops, airshows, aerial photography sessions.
- The IEEE BITS Pilani chapter, established in 2012, sponsors lectures, a workshop, quizzes and the presentation of papers. 
- The BITSMUN Society organises a Model United Nations every year, the largest of its kind in India.
- The Association for Computing Machinery (BITS-ACM), the World`s largest ACM chapter, focuses on developing the knowledge base of advanced computing and robotics.
- The Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership (CEL) is an entrepreneurial group at BITS Pilani which aims to spread the spirit of entrepreneurship on campus.
- Mind And Thought For Radical Information EXchange (MATRIX), the literature club at the Pilani and Goa campuses, conducts book reviews, reading sessions and film festivals.
- The Embryo Club is an academic club at all BITS campuses with the aim of fostering collaboration between BITS students and faculty and its alumni and friends. Since 2006, more than 200 lectures have been delivered.
- The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) and Inspired Karters Racing is a platform for automotive enthusiasts to get hands-on experience with automobiles.
- Nirmaan coordinates social activities in and around campus.
- The Hindi Drama Club (HDC) and English Drama Club (EDC) perform stage and street plays during the semester and student festivals.
- The Hindi Press Club (HPC) and English Press Club (EPC) publish newsletters and an annual college magazine describing campus activities.
- The Debating Society conducts debates and arranges participation in national debating events. It has conducted QED, one of India's largest debates, since 2011.
- The English Language Activities Society (ELAS) and Hindi Activities Society (HAS) conduct quizzes and other literary events.
- Team Robocon is a group of robotics engineers participating in ABU Robocon.
- Radioaktiv, the LAN Radio Club of BITS Pilani, produces and streams music shows.
- The Wall Street Club (WSC), India`s first undergraduate investment club, focuses on instilling an understanding of business in engineering students.
- The Creative Activities Club (CrAC), conducts an art exhibition during APOGEE and events, competitions and workshops during Oasis and BOSM.
- The Photography Club conducts workshops and training sessions in photography.
- Ragamalika is a classical dance and music club which organises Hindustani classical and carnatic music programmes.
- The Mime Club performs sketch shows twice a year (during Oasis and APOGEE) and organises competitions during the festivals.
- The Music Club performs on "music nights" and at events.
- The Dance Club organises dance workshops and performs at cultural events.
- The Astro Club is for astronomy enthusiasts. The club is equipped with two telescopes: a Galilean and a 12.5-inch Cassegrainian telescope. The club organises night-sky-watching sessions and conducts workshops.
- The Bitsaa Cycle Club aims to providing bicycles to BITS Pilani students at affordable prices.
- The Filmmaking Club makes short films for competitions on behalf of the school and conducts workshops.
- The Renewable Energy Club spreads awareness and carries out research activities on renewable energy sources.
- DC++ CLUB is supposed to kickoff in the near future, with an aim to promote LAN sharing among students of the campus.
Large and small departments are on campus. Departments working for Oasis comprise StuCCA, those working for APOGEE (the technical-education festival) make up COSTAA and those working for the BOSM (the annual international sports festival) form the CoSSAc.
- The Department of Art, Design and Publicity supplies auditorium panels, stage backdrops and themes for Oasis,publicizes it and manages the inventory of other clubs working for Oasis.
- The Department of Controls oversees for Oasis and APOGEE, connecting the institute, the Students' Union and the student community.
- The Department of Sponsorship and Marketing (Sponz) is responsible for the sponsorship of Oasis and APOGEE.
- The Department of Publications & Correspondence brings in participation from different colleges for Oasis and BOSM. They also design and print all publicity related material.
- The Department of Reception and Accommodation is responsible for hospitality needs of outside participants in festivals.
- The Department of Sponsorship and Marketing for BOSM (BOSM Sponz) raises funds for and promotes BOSM, held each September.
- The Department of Publications & Correspondence for APOGEE brings in participation from different colleges for APOGEE. They also design and print all publicity related material.
- The Department of Planning and Publicity (PaP) handles publicity and inventory for APOGEE.
- The Department of Visual Media is responsible for video coverage, website development and maintenance, animation and other technical requirements.
- The Department of Paper Evaluation and Presentation (PEP) is responsible for conducting the paper-presentation event, Cyberfiesta and organising guest lectures during APOGEE.
- The Department of Firewallz is responsible for campus security and registrations during the festivals.
- The Department of Stage Controls organises stage events during Oasis.
- The Department of Photography photographs participants and events during festivals.
- The Department of Lights controls auditorium lighting for large events.
- The Department of Soundz controls auditorium sound during festivals.
- The Department of Audiforce maintains order in the auditorium during Oasis and APOGEE.
- Department of Informalz organises smaller events during all the three festivals.
- The Department of Jhankar organises concerts, shows and other events during all three festivals.
- The Department of Music (Gurukul) performs on national holidays, important functions and in concert. Members learn tabla, classical singing, harmonium and synthesiser.
The Students' Union is the elected administrative body for students. Elections are supervised by a student commission. The student-run Corroboration and Review Committee handles financial transactions for the Students' Union. The Student Mess Council manages dining issues.
Conquest is BITS Pilani's annual start-up challenge and entrepreneurship conclave. Benefits include legal, media and website support for select startups. The finale, held in Delhi in August, features presentations by Indian early-stage startups and attracts about 40 business leaders and venture capitalists.
BOSM (BITS-Pilani Open Sports Meet) is the annual sports competition at the Pilani campus. BITS-Pilani invites colleges throughout India to participate in events including hockey, cricket, basketball, football, volleyball, track and field, badminton, tennis, table tennis, squash and weightlifting. Since its 2010 Silver Jubilee (25th) anniversary, BOSM has invited a team from Moratuwa University in Sri Lanka.
Interface is the institute's management festival, held each February since 1977. The event has more than 1,000 participants in management games, case studies, paper presentations, online events and guest lectures.
APOGEE (A Professions Oriented Gathering over Educational Experience) is the annual technical festival, held in March. The event has more than 2,000 participants in workshops, project displays, paper presentations, online events and guest lectures. APOGEE 2013, the 31st at BITS-Pilani, was held 15–19 March 2013. APOGEE is an ISO 9001:2000-certified technical festival.
Oasis is the annual cultural festival held at the Pilani campus and the second-largest cultural festival in India. Usually held in October, it attracts more than 1,500 outside participants. Events include music, drama, dance, stage and fashion shows and treasure hunts. Professional shows involve singers and bands. Indian singers and bands (including Shankar-Ehsaan-Loy, KK, Kailash Kher, Vishal Shekhar, Neeraj Shridhar, Vir Das, Motherjane, Lounge Piranha, Ayushmann Khurrana, the Rainbow Bridge, Bhayanak Maut, Thermal and a Quarter and Lucky Ali) have performed during Oasis; in 2011, the British band Good Shoes appeared.
Techbazaar is a technical-innovation competition at BITS Pilani for talented inventors to showcase their ingenuity, using technology to solve problems in a commercially viable way and fostering technology-based entrepreneurship. The first TechBazaar was held on 19 August 2012 as a joint venture of Project Embryo and BITS Pilani, with the participation of engineering colleges including BITS, IIT and NIT.
Rocktaves is an annual semi professional music fest, held every year in BITS, Pilani during its annual cultural fest Oasis, it has served as a platform for upcoming Indian bands, launching many bands to fame. Bands like Parikrama, Indian Ocean, Prestorika and Euphoria have risen to fame after winning Rocktaves. In 2008, Lounge Piranha, a rock band from Bangalore promoted their new album during Rocktaves.
The institute has a three-tier academic structure.
BITS Pilani offers four-year integrated first-degree programs (so called because several courses, such as mathematics and science, are common to each degree) in engineering, technology and pharmacy, a Master of Arts program and Master of Science programs in science and technology. The programs are divided into three groups:
- Group A
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Electrical and Electronics Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Computer Science
- Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering
- Manufacturing Engineering
- Electronics and Communication Engineering (Dubai and Hyderabad campuses only)
- Group B
BITS Pilani offers master's degrees in engineering, pharmacy, public health and business administration. The Department of Management at BITS Pilani was established in 1971. Its objective is to improve management for engineers seeking to work in the emerging industrial world.
BITS Pilani offers off-campus programs in which students receive work experience in industry. Enrollment has increased from 30 in 1979 to over 10,000 in 2005. More than 19,000 students were registered in off-campus work-integrated learning programs in 2008–09. Work-related learning programs accommodate industry professionals who wish to pursue an advanced degree while remaining employed.
|University and college rankings|
|Engineering – India|
|Electronics For You||1|
Rankings for BITS Pilani are for all campuses combined:
- A "Ranking of Indian engineering and technological institutes for their research performance during 1999–2008" was published in Current Science,[dead link] analysing publication data from the SCOPUS database from 1999 to 2008 for the rankings. BITS Pilani ranked fourth in mean citation rate (behind IISc Bangalore, IIT Kanpur and UICT Mumbai), fifteenth in number of papers published, second in share of papers resulting from international collaboration (behind IIT Kanpur) and twelfth in the journal's performance index.
- A 2008 study by the Indian Semiconductor Association (ISA) found that BITS Pilani, IISc and the top five IITs accounted for 70–75 percent of Indian semiconductor research.[dead link]
- According to Asiaweek's 2000 ratings of science and technology schools in the Asia-Pacific region, the Pilani campus placed in the top 20 in Asia and the top five in student selectivity. The UNESCO Science Report 2005 (ISBN 92-3-103967-9) utilises these rankings.
- Annual rankings of Engineering colleges in India have been published by India Today since 1997. BITS Pilani ranked in the top five from 1997 to 2004, but the school opted out of the rankings from 2005 to 2008 because of a pending court case between it and India Today. In 2009 the institute rejoined the list, ranked fifth-top engineering college in India in 2012 and the best private engineering college in the country.
- Asiaweek and the Financial Times ranked BITS Pilani's MBA program the 30th-best full-time program in Asia and the fourth-best distance-learning MBA program in Asia in 2000.
- Business Today lists the university as one of its top-20 Wired Organisations of Asia.
- The Government of India's National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) rated BITS a five-star institution for the period ending 7 February 2007. The school scored 82.55 out of 100, higher than comparable public universities (with a five-star rating and a focus on science and technology) such as IIT Delhi (79.5), IIT Bombay (79.6), IIT Kanpur (81.2), Anna University (75.7), Bangalore University (77.05), Jadavpur University (77.35), Mumbai University (75.05), Pune University (78.55) and Roorkee University-IIT Roorkee (79.2).
- BITS Pilani (the Pilani, Dubai, Goa and Hyderabad campuses) has been accredited by the NAAC with a CGPA of 3.71 (out of 4.0) with an A grade for the period 1 April 2007 to 8 March 2009. This grade is valid until 2014.
- BITS Pilani (the Pilani, Dubai, Goa and Hyderabad campuses) was ranked second-best deemed university in India (after the Indian Institute of Science) by the University Grants Commission. The UGC is a statutory organisation established by the Indian government for the co-ordination, determination and maintenance of university standards.
- The Washington Accord recognises degrees from BITS Pilani and the IITs as equivalent to those granted by other institutions in the accord.
- The Outlook–C fore survey ranked the university's business program in its top 20 nationwide in 2005.
|Year||India Today (since 1998)||Outlook (since 2005)||Asiaweek (2000)||Mint / Hindustan Times (2008–2010)||Dataquest T-Schools (since 2005)||Electronics For You (2009–2011)|
|2000||6||7th (India), 19th (Asia)|
|2004||8||Top 10 (No individual rankings)|
|2005||Did not participate||15|
|2006||Did not participate||6||9|
|2007||Did not participate||6||11|
|2008||Did not participate||7||6||Did not participate|
|2009||7||6||1 Private Engineering College||8||5|
|2010||7||7||1 Private Engineering College||9||5|
|2011||6||8||6||1 Private Engineering College|
|2013||6||Not Yet Declared||Not Yet Declared|
The BITS Alumni Association is an international organisation with chapters throughout the world, connecting alumni in networking, social events and fundraising.
Gallery: Pilani campus
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- ????? ?????? ?? ????-10 ?? ??. Bollywood.bhaskar.com (14 September 2010).
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