Birmingham Northfield (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Birmingham, Northfield)
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 52°24′N 1°59′W / 52.40°N 1.98°W / 52.40; -1.98

Birmingham, Northfield
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Birmingham, Northfield in Birmingham.
Outline map
Location of Birmingham within England.
County West Midlands
Electorate 72,190 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament Richard Burden (Labour)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Birmingham, Northfield is a constituency[n 1] of part of the city of Birmingham represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1992 by Richard Burden of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

Among the areas largest features are the closed MG Rover Group factory that long formed a major employer in the constituency and officially closed in the run up to the 2005 general election, a large hospital and the North Worcestershire Golf Course.[2] The Labour MP Richard Burden was nonetheless returned, albeit with a majority reduced by 5.6%. He was re-elected, with a majority reduced by 14.1%,[n 3] in 2010. Shortly after the 2010 election, Liberal Democrat candidate Mike Dixon was jailed for clubbing a family cat to death with a walking stick.[3]

History[edit]

Since creation in 1950, Labour Party MPs have served the ward with the exception of the period from 1979 to 1992 while the Conservative Party were in government, with a one-year gap caused by a Labour win in a by-election, in 1982. From 1979 to 1982 the MP was a member of the influential and large Cadbury family, Jocelyn Cadbury.

Boundaries[edit]

From 1997 to 2010, the constituency encompassed the wards of Northfield, Longbridge and Weoley in outer south-west Birmingham.

Following the review of parliamentary representation in Birmingham and the West Midlands,[4] the Boundary Commission for England created a modified Northfield seat which gained the ward of Kings Norton (previously in the Selly Oak constituency).

The modified constituency came into effect at the 2010 general election, with the following electoral wards:

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1950 Raymond Blackburn Labour
1951 Donald Chapman Labour
1970 Ray Carter Labour
1979 Jocelyn Cadbury Conservative
1982 by-election John Spellar Labour
1983 Roger King Conservative
1992 Richard Burden Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Birmingham Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rachel Maclean[6]
Liberal Democrat Steve Haynes
General Election 2010: Birmingham, Northfield[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard Burden 16,841 40.3 −10.1
Conservative Keely Huxtable 14,059 33.6 +3.2
Liberal Democrat Mike Dixon 6,550 15.7 +3.3
BNP Les Orton 2,290 5.5 +2.2
UKIP John Borthwick 1,363 3.3 +1.0
Green Susan Pearce 406 1.0 N/A
Common Good Dick Rodgers 305 0.7 −0.4
Majority 2,782 6.7
Turnout 41,814 58.6 +3.4
Labour hold Swing −6.6

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard Burden 15,419 49.6 −6.4
Conservative Vicky Ford 8,965 28.9 −0.7
Liberal Democrat Trevor Sword 4,171 13.4 +2.2
BNP Mark Cattell 1,278 4.1 N/A
UKIP Gillian Chant 641 2.1 +0.2
Common Good Richard Rogers 428 1.4 N/A
Socialist Alternative Louise Houdley 120 0.4 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Frank Sweeney 34 0.1 N/A
Majority 6,454 20.8
Turnout 31,056 56.6 +3.8
Labour hold Swing −2.8
General Election 2001: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard Burden 16,528 56.0 −1.5
Conservative Nils Purser 8,730 29.6 +1.6
Liberal Democrat Trevor Sword 3,322 11.2 +0.8
UKIP Stephen Rogers 550 1.9 N/A
Socialist Alliance Clive Walder 193 0.7 N/A
Socialist Labour Zane Carpenter 151 0.5 N/A
Communist Andrew Chaffer 60 0.2 N/A
Majority 7,798 26.4
Turnout 29,534 52.8 −15.5
Labour hold Swing −1.5

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard Burden 22,316 57.4 +11.9
Conservative Alan C. Blumenthal 10,873 28.0 −14.4
Liberal Democrat Micheal R. Ashell 4,078 10.5 +0.4
Referendum Party David Gent 1,243 3.2 N/A
BNP Keith A. Axon 337 0.9 N/A
Majority 11,443 29.5
Turnout 38,847 68.3 −7.8
Labour hold Swing +13.1
General Election 1992: Birmingham, Northfield[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard Burden 24,443 45.5 +6.3
Conservative Roger King 23,803 44.4 −0.7
Liberal Democrat David L. Cropp 5,431 10.1 −5.5
Majority 630 1.1 −4.8
Turnout 53,667 76.1 +4.5
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +3.5

Election in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger King 24,024 45.1 +2.4
Labour John Spellar 20,889 39.2 +1.7
Social Democrat J.C. Gordon 8,319 15.6 −3.6
Majority 3,135 5.9
Turnout 53,232 72.6
Conservative hold Swing +2.0
General Election 1983: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger King 22,596 42.7 −2.7
Labour John Spellar 19,836 37.5 −7.6
Liberal David Webb 10,045 19.0 +10.8
Communist Peter Raymond Sheppard 420 0.8 N/A
Majority 2,760 5.2
Turnout 52,897 71.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +5.1
Birmingham, Northfield by-election, 1982
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Spellar 15,904 36.3 −8.8
Conservative Roger Gale 15,615 35.6 −9.8
Liberal Stephen Ridley 11,453 26.1 +18.0
National Front Ian Anderson 411 0.9 −0.2
Communist Peter Sheppard 349 0.8 N/A
People's Progressive Party Ronald Taylor 63 0.2 N/A
Democratic Monarchist, Public Safety, White Resident Bill Boaks 60 0.1 N/A
Majority 289 0.7
Turnout 43,855 55.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing −0.5

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Jocelyn Cadbury 25,304 45.4 +13.4
Labour Ray Carter 25,100 45.1 −7.0
Liberal R. Lewthwaite 4,538 8.2 −6.7
National Front R. Newman 614 1.1 N/A
Workers Revolutionary J. Beale 144 0.3 N/A
Majority 204 0.4
Turnout 55,700 70.6 +2.7
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +10.2
General Election October 1974: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ray Carter 27,435 52.1 −4.0
Conservative Jocelyn Cadbury 16,838 32.0 −9.0
Liberal D. Haines 7,851 14.9 N/A
People Party E.A. Davenport 359 0.7 N/A
Communist Derek Robinson 180 0.3 -0.4
Majority 10,597 20.1
Turnout 52,663 67.9 -5.6
Labour hold Swing +2.5
General Election February 1974: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ray Carter 31,704 56.1 +5.6
Conservative J.P. Butcher 23,175 41.0 −7.6
Independent M. Newman 1,237 2.2 N/A
Communist Derek Robinson 368 0.7 −0.2
Majority 8,529 15.1
Turnout 56,484 73.5
Labour hold Swing +1.0
General Election 1970: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ray Carter 33,364 50.5 −8.2
Conservative D.W. Bell 32,148 48.6 +8.9
Communist Derek Robinson 605 0.9 −0.7
Majority 1,216 1.8
Turnout 66,117 68.3
Labour hold Swing −8.6

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Donald Chapman 36,801 58.7 +11.5
Conservative C.C. Chalker 24,899 39.7 −0.7
Communist Derek Robinson 1,029 1.6 N/A
Majority 11,902 19.0
Turnout 62,729 75.1
Labour hold Swing +6.1
General Election 1964: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Donald Chapman 29,301 47.2 −3.6
Conservative H.B. Adkins 25,063 40.4 −8.8
Liberal R. Lewthwaite 7,682 12.4 N/A
Majority 4,238 6.8
Turnout 62,046 77.2
Labour hold Swing +2.6

Election in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Donald Chapman 29,587 50.8 −2.0
Conservative R.E. Eyre 28,647 49.2 +2.0
Majority 940 1.6
Turnout 58,234 78.5
Labour hold Swing −2.0
General Election 1955: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Donald Chapman 27,072 52.8 +0.0
Conservative C. Sweet 24,188 47.2 +0.0
Majority 2,884 5.6
Turnout 51,260 78.6
Labour hold Swing +0.0
General Election 1951: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Donald Chapman 26,580 52.8 −0.2
Conservative M. Chandler 23,730 47.2 +7.6
Majority 2,850 5.7
Turnout 50,310 83.4
Labour hold Swing −3.9
General Election 1950: Birmingham, Northfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Raymond Blackburn 26,714 53.0 N/A
Conservative T.L. Iremonger 19,974 39.6 N/A
Liberal R. Richards 3,280 6.5 N/A
Communist R. Etheridge 479 1.0 N/A
Majority 6,740 13.4 N/A
Turnout 50,447 84.7 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Which leaves the incumbent MP with a majority of 6.7%
References

External links[edit]