Birmingham Deritend (UK Parliament constituency)

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Birmingham Deritend
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
19181950
Number of members One
Replaced by Birmingham Sparkbrook, and Birmingham Small Heath
Created from Birmingham South and Birmingham Bordesley

Birmingham Deritend was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 to 1950. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election.

Boundaries[edit]

Prior to 1918 the parliamentary borough of Birmingham (within its boundaries in 1885) was split into seven single-member divisions. Under the Representation of the People Act 1918 the city contained twelve divisions, one of which was Birmingham Deritend.

This division of Birmingham was composed of the City Council Wards of St. Bartholomew's, St. Martin's and Deritend as they existed in 1918.[1] The St. Martin's and Deritend wards had previously been part of the Birmingham South constituency, and the St. Bartholomew's ward had previously been part of the Birmingham Bordesley constituency.[2]

In the redistribution under the Representation of the People Act 1948 which took effect in 1950, the then Deritend and St. Martin's wards became part of Birmingham Sparkbrook, and the St. Bartholomew's ward became part of Birmingham Small Heath.[3]

Member of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [4] Party
1918 John William Dennis Coalition Conservative
1922 John Smedley Crooke Conservative
1929 Fred Longden Labour Co-operative
1931 Sir John Smedley Crooke Conservative
1945 Fred Longden Labour Co-operative
1950 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

General Election 5 to 19 July 1945:

constituency of Birmingham Deritend
Composed of the Birmingham wards of St Bartholomew and St Martins & Deritend
Electorate 23,693, Turnout 63.0%, Voters 14,941

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred Longden 9,749 65.3%
Conservative G R Matthews 5,172 34.7%
Majority 4,577 30.6%
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 18.6%

Election in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 14 November 1935:

constituency of Birmingham Deritend
Composed of the Birmingham wards of St Bartholomew and St Martins & Deritend
Electorate 42,078, Turnout 59.6%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Smedley Crooke 14,925 59.5%
Labour Fred Longden 10,144 40.5%
Majority 4,781 19.0% N/A
Conservative hold Swing


General Election 27 October 1931:

constituency of Birmingham Deritend
Composed of the Birmingham wards of St Bartholomew and St Martins & Deritend
Electorate 45,671, Turnout 71.9%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Smedley Crooke 21,684 66.0%
Labour Fred Longden 11,163 34.0%
Majority 10,521 32.0%
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Election in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 30 May 1929:

constituency of Birmingham Deritend
Composed of the Birmingham wards of St Bartholomew and St Martins & Deritend
Electorate 47,262, Turnout 70.6%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred Longden 16,932 50.7%
Conservative John Smedley Crooke 14,165 42.5%
Liberal Mrs Beta Hornabrook 2,268 6.8%
Majority 2,767 8.2%
Turnout
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 29 October 1924:

constituency of Birmingham Deritend
Composed of the Birmingham wards of St Bartholomew and St Martins & Deritend
Electorate 37,980, Turnout 69.7%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Smedley Crooke 13,552 51.5%
Labour Fred Longden 12,760 48.5%
Majority 792 3.0%
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 6 December 1923:

constituency of Birmingham Deritend
Composed of the Birmingham wards of St Bartholomew and St Martins & Deritend
Electorate 37,671, Turnout 56.8%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Smedley Crooke 12,015 56.1%
Labour Fred Longden 9,396 43.9%
Majority 2,619 12.2%
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 15 November 1922:

constituency of Birmingham Deritend
Composed of the Birmingham wards of St Bartholomew and St Martins & Deritend
Electorate 36,985, Turnout 64.7%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Smedley Crooke 11,700 48.9%
Labour Fred Longden 6,892 28.8%
Liberal H Willison 5,331 22.3%
Majority 4,808 20.1%
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 14 December 1918:

constituency of Birmingham Deritend
Composed of the Birmingham wards of St Bartholomew and St Martins & Deritend
Electorate 38,552, Turnout 43.9%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative J W Dennis 9,495 82.7%
Liberal Arthur Brampton 1,990 17.3%
Majority 7,505 65.4%
Conservative win (new seat)

Sources[edit]

  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Representation of the People Act 1918, Schedule 9
  2. ^ Representation of the People Act 1885, Schedule 6
  3. ^ Representation of the People Act 1948, Schedule 1
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]