Birmingham Edgbaston (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 52°27′N 1°54′W / 52.450°N 1.900°W / 52.450; -1.900

Birmingham Edgbaston
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Birmingham Edgbaston in Birmingham.
Outline map
Location of Birmingham within England.
County West Midlands
Electorate 69,039 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Gisela Stuart (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Birmingham
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Birmingham, Edgbaston is a constituency[n 1] in the Edgbaston area of Birmingham represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Gisela Stuart MP of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Its best-known MP internationally was Neville Chamberlain (Prime Minister 1937-1940), and since 1953 it has been represented only by women MPs. Since 1992 it has been a marginal constituency between the Labour Party and the Conservative Party.

Boundaries[edit]

Situated to the south west of Birmingham city centre, this is a neat and mostly middle-class constituency with limited social housing, with parks, Warwickshire's cricket ground and two grammar schools. It was a safe Conservative seat for decades, emphasised by solid Tory areas like Edgbaston itself and Bartley Green, but some areas, such as the more Labour-inclined Quinton and Harborne, have pockets of considerable deprivation and of low incomes, helping Labour hold the seat since 1997. It contains the University of Birmingham's main campus, and most of the student halls.

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Birmingham and the West Midlands, the Boundary Commission for England have created a modified Birmingham Edgbaston constituency, with the following electoral wards of the City of Birmingham:

History[edit]

The seat was held by the Conservatives until the 1997 Election. At that election it was the ninth seat to declare and the first seat to be gained by Labour from the Conservatives[2] on a 10% swing, presaging the Labour landslide of that year.

Edgbaston has returned a female MP since 1953, longer than any other constituency.[3] The sitting MP is Gisela Stuart. It has been classified as a marginal seat.[4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1885 George Dixon Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1898 by-election Francis Lowe Conservative
1929 Rt Hon Neville Chamberlain Conservative
1940 by-election Peter Bennett Conservative
1953 by-election Dame Edith Pitt Conservative
1966 Dame Jill Knight Conservative
1997 Gisela Stuart Labour

Election Results 1931-2015[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election 2010
Electorate: 69,039
Turnout: 41,571 (60.6%) +3.3
Labour hold
Majority: 1,274 (3.1%) −3.1
Swing: 1.3% from Lab to Con
Gisela Stuart Labour 16,894 40.6 −2.5
Deirdre Alden Conservative 15,620 37.6 +0.1
Roger Harmer Liberal Democrat 6,387 15.4 +2.6
Trevor Lloyd BNP 1,196 2.9 N/A
Stephen White UKIP 732 1.8 −0.4
Phil Simpson Green 469 1.1 −1.7
Harry Takhar Impact Party 146 0.4 N/A
Charith Fernando Christian 127 0.3 N/A
General Election 2005
Turnout: 37,631 (58.0%) +2.0
Labour hold
Majority: 2,349 (6.2%) −6.2
Swing: 1.3% from Lab to Con
Gisela Stuart Labour 16,465 43.8 −5.3
Mrs. Deirdre C. Alden Conservative 14,116 37.5 +0.9
Mike D. Dixon Liberal Democrat 5,185 13.8 +1.8
Peter C. Beck Green 1,116 3.0 N/A
Stephen White UKIP 749 2.0 N/A
General Election 2001
Turnout: 37,749 (56.0%) −13.0
Labour hold
Majority: 4,698 (12.4%) +2.4
Gisela Stuart Labour 18,517 49.1 +0.5
Nigel Hastilow Conservative 13,819 36.6 −2.0
Miss Nicola S. Davies Liberal Democrat 4,528 12.0 +2.3
Collis Gretton Pro-Euro Conservative 454 1.2 N/A
Sam Brackenbury Socialist Labour 431 1.1 N/A
General Election 1997
Turnout: 48,465 (69.0%) −2.3
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 4,842 (10.0%) N/A
Swing: 10.0% from Con to Lab
Gisela Stuart Labour 23,554 48.6 +9.3
Andrew Marshall Conservative 18,712 38.6 −10.7
James Y. Gallagher Liberal Democrat 4,691 9.7 −0.4
Jonathan P. Oakton Referendum Party 1,065 2.2 N/A
Derek L. Campbell British Democratic Party 443 0.9 N/A
General Election 1992
Turnout: 37,813 (71.3%) +2.7
Conservative hold
Majority: 4,307 (11.4%) −11.6
Swing: −5.8% from Con to Lab
Jill Knight Conservative 18,529 49.0 −0.8
John F. Wilton Labour 14,222 37.6 +10.8
Dr. Iain R.S. Robertson-Steel Liberal Democrat 4,419 11.7 −9.3
Phil M. Simpson Green 643 1.7 +0.2
General Election 1987
Turnout: 37,318 (68.6%) +2.4
Conservative hold
Majority: 8,581 (22.9%) −8.4
Jill Knight Conservative 18,595 49.8 -3.9
John F. Wilton Labour 10,014 26.9 +5.9
J.C. Binns Social Democrat 7,843 21.0 −1.4
Phil M. Simpson Green 559 1.5 N/A
S.T. Hardwick Independent Conservative 307 −0.0 N/A
General Election 1983
Turnout: 36,546 (66.2%) −1.6
Conservative hold
Majority: 11,418 (31.3%) +10.7
Jill Knight Conservative 19,585 53.7 −0.4
J.C. Binns Social Democrat 8,167 22.4 N/A
P.A. Bilson Labour 7,647 21.0 −12.5
Dr. J. Hurdley Ecology 516 1.4 −0.4
S.T. Hardwick Independent Conservative 293 0.8 N/A
Mrs. P.A. Davies Communist 169 0.4 N/A
Miss D.C. Howlett Independent 97 0.3 N/A
General Election 1979
Turnout: 46,564 (67.8%)
Conservative hold
Majority: 9,587 (20.6%)
Jill Knight Conservative 25,192 54.1
A Hudson Labour 15,605 33.5
J Dugued Liberal 4,377 9.4
J Tyler Ecology 852 1.8
D Howlett Independent 297 0.6
B Dore Independent 129 0.3
L Marshall Independent 112 0.2
General Election October 1974
Turnout: 63.25%
Conservative hold
Majority: 2,410 (5.44%)
Jill Knight Conservative 19,483 43.95
JG Hannah Labour 17,073 38.52
P Davies Liberal 7,770 17.53
General Election February 1974
Turnout: 69.36%
Conservative hold
Majority: 5,920 (12.26%)
Jill Knight Conservative 25,914 53.65
JG Hannah Labour 19,994 41.40
LW Marshall Independent 2,391 4.95
General Election 1970
Turnout: 63.64%
Conservative hold
Majority: 10,643 (28.41%)
Jill Knight Conservative 23,690 63.24
EJ Sever Labour 13,047 34.83
DC Howlett Independent 725 1.94
General Election 1966
Turnout: 67.82%
Conservative hold
Majority: 7,534 (21.51%)
Jill Knight Conservative 18,869 53.86
EO Smith Labour 11,335 32.36
DJ Badger Liberal 4,829 13.78
General Election 1964
Turnout: 66.47%
Conservative hold
Majority: 11,759 (34.71%)
Dame Edith Pitt Conservative 22,818 67.36
AJ Kazantzis Labour 11,059 32,64
General Election 1959
Turnout: 67.97%
Conservative hold
Majority: 14,928 (39.41%)
Dame Edith Pitt Conservative 26,401 69.71
NF Hinks Labour 11,473 30.29
General Election 1955
Turnout: 68.22%
Conservative hold
Majority: 14,094 (35.33%)
Dame Edith Pitt Conservative 26,991 67.67
KV Russell Labour 12,897 32.33
By-election, 2 July 1953 Conservative hold
Majority: 10,507
Dame Edith Pitt Conservative 20,142
FB Watson Labour 9,635
General Election 1951
Turnout: 76.06%
Conservative hold
Majority: 13,104 (28.58%)
Peter Bennett Conservative 29,477 64.29
WJS Pringle Labour 16,373 35.71
General Election 1950
Turnout: 78.76%
Conservative hold
Majority: 11,892 (25.35%)
Peter Bennett Conservative 29,404 62.67
JA Hobson Labour 17,512 37.33
General Election 1945
Turnout: 69.18%
Conservative hold
Majority: 8,618 (21.43%)
Peter Bennett Conservative 21,497 53.46
GC Barrow Labour 12,879 32.03
Arthur Asher Shenfield Liberal 5,832 14.50
By-election, 9 December 1940 Conservative hold Peter Bennett Conservative unopposed
General Election 1935
Turnout: 62.41%
Conservative hold
Majority: 21,862 (63.14%)
Rt Hon Neville Chamberlain Conservative 28,243 81.57
J Adshead Labour 6,381 18.43
General Election 1931
Turnout: 70.88%
Conservative hold
Majority: 27,928 (73.03%)
Rt Hon Neville Chamberlain Conservative 33,085 86.51
WW Blaylock Labour 5,157 13.49

Election Results 1885-1910[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
December 1910 General Election
Electorate: 13,383
Conservative hold Sir Francis William Lowe Conservative unopposed
January 1910 General Election
Electorate: 13,383
Turnout: 80.7% (+2.3)
Conservative hold
Majority: 5,101 (47.2%) +7.0
Swing: +3.5% from Lib to Con
Sir Francis William Lowe Conservative 7,951 73.6 +3.5
Prof. John Hartman Morgan Liberal 2,850 26.4 -3.5
1906 General Election
Electorate: 13,230
Turnout: 78.4%
Conservative hold
Majority: 4,160 (40.2%)
Sir Francis William Lowe Conservative 7,263 70.1
Hon. Lionel Raleigh Holland Liberal 3,103 29.9
1900 General Election Conservative hold Francis William Lowe Conservative unopposed
By-election, 15 February 1898 Conservative hold Francis William Lowe Conservative unopposed
1895 General Election Liberal Unionist hold George Dixon Liberal Unionist unopposed
1892 General Election Liberal Unionist hold George Dixon Liberal Unionist unopposed
1886 General Election Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal George Dixon Liberal Unionist unopposed
1885 General Election
Electorate: 8,693
Turnout: 80.6%
Liberal gain from new seat
Majority: 1,191 (17.0%)
George Dixon Liberal 4,098 58.5
Sir John Eardley Eardley-Wilmot, Bt. Conservative 2,907 41.5

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Colne Valley
Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer
1931–1937
Succeeded by
Spen Valley
Preceded by
Bewdley
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1937–1940
Succeeded by
Epping