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Birth dearth is a neologism referring to falling fertility rates. In the late 1980s, the term was used in the context of American and European society. The use of the term has since been expanded to include many other industrialized nations. It is often cited as a response to overpopulation, but is not incompatible with it. The term was coined by Ben J. Wattenburg in his 1987 book by that same name.
Countries and geographic regions that are currently experiencing falling population include Russia, Europe, Japan, and populations of people of these descents in other countries such as in the United States.
Russia is often mentioned in articles concerning birth dearth because of its rapidly declining population, and the proposal by Vladimir Putin to offer women additional benefits for having multiple children. It is predicted that Russia's population will be an estimated 111 million in 2050, opposed to 147 million in 2000, according to the UN World Population Prospects report (2004 Revision, middle variant).
Europe is one of the few major geographic regions in the World that will decline in population in the coming years. Europe's population is forecast to decline by nearly 70 million people by 2050, as the total fertility rate has remained perpetually below the replacement rate. (Further information: Sub-replacement fertility and Population decline)
- Aging of Japan
- Demographic transition
- Tax on childlessness
- Population control
- Reproductive rights
- "Be Fruitful and Multiply", Jamar Jacoby, New York Times, July 12, 1987
- "Population of Europe, History plus Forecast". International Futures. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
- "Total Fertility Rate of Europe, History plus Forecast". International Futures. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
- "Birth Dearth", Michael Meyer, Newsweek, September 27, 2004
- "Behind the Birth Dearth", Robert J. Samuelson, Washington Post, May 24, 2006
- The "End of species" hypothesis Does demographic decline mark the end of humanity's life cycle? May ET civilizations follow the same path?
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