Bisabolene

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bisabolenes
Bisabolene-alpha.svg
α-Bisabolene
Bisabolene-beta.svg
β-Bisabolene
Bisabolene-3D.png
β-Bisabolene
Bisabolene-gamma.svg
γ-Bisabolene
Identifiers
CAS number 17627-44-0 (α) YesY, 495-61-4 (β) YesY, 495-62-5 (γ) YesY
ChemSpider 4509521 (α), 8279897 (β), 2298446 (γ)
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C15H24
Molar mass 204.35 g mol−1
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Bisabolenes are a group of closely related natural chemical compounds which are classified as sesquiterpenes. Bisabolenes are present in the essential oils of a wide variety of plants including cubeb, lemon and oregano. Various derivates also function as pheromones in different insects, such as stink bugs[1] and fruit flies.[2]

Uses[edit]

Bisabolenes are intermediates in the biosynthesis of many other natural chemical compounds,[3] including hernandulcin, a natural sweetener. β-Bisabolene has a balsamic odor[4] and is approved in Europe as a food additive.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aldrich, J.R.; Numata, H.; Borges, M.; Bin, F.; Waite, G.K.; Lusby, W.R. (1993). "Artifacts and pheromone blends from Nezara spp. and other stink bug (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae)". Zeitschrift für Naturforschung 48C: 73–79. 
  2. ^ Lu, F.; Teal, P.E. (2001). "Sex pheromone components in oral secretions and crop of male Caribbean fruit flies, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew)". Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 48 (3): 144–154. doi:10.1002/arch.1067. 
  3. ^ Bisabolene derived sesquiterpenoid biosynthesis
  4. ^ (-)-β-bisabolene, flavornet.org

External links[edit]