Bishop's Itchington

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Bishop's Itchington
Bishop's Itchington is located in Warwickshire
Bishop's Itchington
Bishop's Itchington
 Bishop's Itchington shown within Warwickshire
Population 2,009 (2001)
OS grid reference SP3857
Civil parish Bishop's Itchington
District Stratford-on-Avon
Shire county Warwickshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Southam
Postcode district CV47
Dialling code 01926
Police Warwickshire
Fire Warwickshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Stratford-on-Avon
Website Bishops Itchington Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Warwickshire

Coordinates: 52°13′12″N 1°26′02″W / 52.220°N 1.434°W / 52.220; -1.434

Bishop's Itchington is a village and civil parish about 6.5 miles (10.5 km) southeast of Royal Leamington Spa in Warwickshire, England.

The village is on the B4451 road about 3 miles (4.8 km) southwest of Southam, and about 2 miles (3.2 km) northeast of Junction 12 on the M40 motorway. The Chiltern Main Line passes less than 0.5 miles (800 m) east of the village.

History[edit]

The village's toponym is derived from the River Itchen, and a link to the Bishops of Lichfield, who were formerly the local landowners. It was originally known as Upper Itchington. Lower Itchington to the southwest was depopulated in 1547 by Thomas Fisher.[1]

The Birmingham and Oxford Junction Railway was built through the area and in 1852 Southam Road and Harbury railway station was opened at Deppers Bridge 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the village. British Railways closed the station in 1964.

The village was much associated with a blue lias limestone quarry and a cement works (Harbury Works) which ceased operation in 1970. Blue Circle is still a major landowner in the area.

Church and chapel[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Michael originated as a chapel of ease for All Saints' parish church in Lower Itchington.[2] Parts of the chapel building dated from the 17th century and a small brick-built tower was added in 1834.[2] In 1872 the chapel was demolished and replaced by the present church, which was designed by the Gothic Revival architect Ewan Christian.[3] The deteriorating condition of the fabric, and in particular the tower, led to a restoration programme which was completed early in 2011. The bells were once again rung, after many years of silence, over the weekend of 12–13 February 2011.

The parish of Saint Michael's is now part of the Feldon Group of churches comprising the eight Anglican parishes of Bishops Itchington, Hunningham, Long Itchington, Marton, Offchurch, Radford Semele, Wappenbury with Eathorpe, and Weston under Wetherley.

The village's Congregational Chapel, now a private house, was built in 1836.[3]

Amenities[edit]

There are two public houses in or near the village – The Butchers Arms and The Great Western at Depper's Bridge, a working Men's Club – the Greaves Club,[4] local shop and newsagent. There is also the local primary school and a Post Office. There used to be a branch of The Royal British Legion but it is now closed, and the premises turned into a café.

There are fishing lakes just outside Bishop's Itchington, formed from the old quarries. The "Bishop's Bowl" comprises five lakes on a 100 acres (40 ha) complex. The fishery offers match, pleasure and specimen carp angling on waters which vary in characteristics from large and open sheer-faced flooded disused quarries to small, shrub-surrounded pools.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^  "Fisher, Thomas (d.1577)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  2. ^ a b Salzman, 1951, pp. 121–124
  3. ^ a b Pevsner & Wedgwood, 1974, p. 214
  4. ^ The Harbury Cement Works was until the 1920s owned by Greaves, Bull and Lakin.

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]