Bishop, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bishop, Texas
City
Location of Bishop, Texas
Location of Bishop, Texas
Nueces Bishop.svg
Coordinates: 27°35′7″N 97°47′58″W / 27.58528°N 97.79944°W / 27.58528; -97.79944Coordinates: 27°35′7″N 97°47′58″W / 27.58528°N 97.79944°W / 27.58528; -97.79944
Country United States
State Texas
County Nueces
Area
 • Total 2.4 sq mi (6.1 km2)
 • Land 2.4 sq mi (6.1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 59 ft (18 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 3,305
 • Density 1,394.1/sq mi (538.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 78343
Area code(s) 361
FIPS code 48-08392[1]
GNIS feature ID 1330715[2]
Website bishoptx.com

Bishop is a city in Nueces County, Texas, United States. The population was 3,305 at the 2000 census, but decreased to 3,126 by 2009.[3]

History[edit]

Bishop is a very small town in south Texas, Bishop was a planned town from its beginning. In 1910, F.Z. Bishop, an insurance agent turned promoter, acquired 2,300 acres (9.3 km2) of land in South Texas along the railroad line and laid out a model community surrounded by farm tracts.

Bishop laid out zoned business, industrial and residential districts and built a water and power system. In just two years, the town grew to a population of 1,200. Bishop closed his operation as World War I started. He had sold more than 80,000 acres (320 km2) of land and established a prosperous community.

The city was built on agriculture as its economic mainstay. The economy is also bolstered by a large chemical plant opened in 1945 by Celanese Corporation of America.

Geography[edit]

Bishop is located at 27°35′7″N 97°47′58″W / 27.58528°N 97.79944°W / 27.58528; -97.79944 (27.585178, -97.799437).[4] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2), all of it land.

It is located on U.S. Highway 77 (Future Interstate 69E) and Farm-to-Market Road 70, Bishop is located eight miles north of Kingsville and about thirty miles southwest of Corpus Christi.[5]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bishop has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
2000 3,305
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,305 people, 1,132 households, and 868 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,394.1 people per square mile (538.4/km²). There were 1,269 housing units at an average density of 535.3 per square mile (206.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.11% White, 0.97% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 11.71% from other races, and 2.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 60.00% of the population.

There were 1,132 households out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.3% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,434, and the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $30,469 versus $22,316 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,974. About 12.2% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The City of Bishop is served by the Bishop Consolidated Independent School District, which has five schools:

  • Bishop High (Grades 9-12)
  • Luehrs Junior High (Grades 7-8)
  • Bishop Elementary (Grades 4-6)
  • Petronila Elementary (Grades PK-5)
  • Bishop Primary (Grades PK-3)

The BCISD now has a new high school that opened in the fall of 2010.

Transportation[edit]

The Bishop Municipal Airport is located three nautical miles (4 mi, 6 km) northeast of Bishop's central business district.[8]

References[edit]

External links[edit]