Bishop Auckland (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 54°39′25″N 1°40′37″W / 54.657°N 1.677°W / 54.657; -1.677

Bishop Auckland
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Bishop Auckland in County Durham.
Outline map
Location of County Durham within England.
County County Durham
Electorate 68,501 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Helen Goodman (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from South Durham
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Bishop Auckland is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Helen Goodman of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

Formed in 1885,[n 3] the seat has the market town Bishop Auckland which has a mixed modern and historic high street, the similarly sized Barnard Castle and large areas used for agriculture, particularly hill farming on the rolling landscape that cuts into the Pennines with substantial livestock.[2] Most housing, many small towns and most facilities were built in the prosperous era of coal mining which brought thousands of workers to live in Bishop Auckland town and neighbouring settlements. Manufacturing, including food processing and packaging, public sector employment, retail and agriculture are the main occupations.[2] Since 1935 the winning candidate for MP has been from the Labour Party; the former Labour Chancellor Hugh Dalton, was the MP here from 1929 to 1931,and after regaining the seat in 1935, remained MP until 1959.

Within the seat are Auckland Castle and Park, Lartington Hall, Windlestone Hall, Raby Castle, Binchester Roman Fort (Vinovia) and enclosures and industrial workings on Cockfield Fell.[3]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is located in an upland, southern part of County Durham in the North East of England. On a more local level it was formed of the whole of the former Teesdale district, parts of former Wear Valley district and the former Sedgefield borough. The constituency includes as its major settlements the towns of Barnard Castle, Middleton-in-Teesdale, Bishop Auckland, Shildon, Spennymoor and its contiguous suburb village, Tudhoe, with their surrounding villages, dales and fields.

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review into parliamentary representation in County Durham, the Boundary Commission for England made very minor alterations to the Bishop Auckland seat.

The electoral wards used in the creation of the modified seat, fought at the UK general election in 2010, are;

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1885 James Mellor Paulton Liberal
Jan. 1910 Sir Henry Havelock-Allan, Bt. Liberal
1918 Ben Spoor Labour
1929 by-election Florence Ruth Dalton Labour
1929 Hugh Dalton Labour
1931 Aaron Charlton Curry Liberal National
1935 Hugh Dalton Labour
1959 James Boyden Labour
1979 Derek Foster Labour
2005 Helen Goodman Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Bishop Auckland[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Helen Goodman 16,023 39.0 −11.1
Conservative Barbara Harrison 10,805 26.3 +3.4
Liberal Democrat Mark Wilkes 9,189 22.3 −1.3
BNP Adam Walker 2,036 4.9 N/A
Local Liberals People Before Politics Sam Zair 1,964 4.8 +4.8
UKIP Dave Brothers 1,119 2.7 −0.7
Majority 5,218 12.7
Turnout 41,136 60.2 +4.0
Labour hold Swing −7.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Helen Goodman 19,065 50.0 −8.8
Liberal Democrat Chris Foote-Wood 9,018 23.7 +8.0
Conservative Richard Bell 8,736 22.9 +0.2
UKIP Margaret Hopson 1,309 3.4 +3.4
Majority 10,047 26.4
Turnout 38,128 56.5 −0.7
Labour hold Swing −8.4
General Election 2001: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Derek Foster 22,680 58.8 −7.1
Conservative Miss Fiona P. McNish 8,754 22.7 +2.5
Liberal Democrat Chris Foote Wood 6,073 15.7 +6.4
Green Carl D. Bennett 1,052 2.7 N/A
Majority 13,926 36.1
Turnout 38,559 57.2 −11.2
Labour hold Swing −4.8

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Derek Foster 30,359 65.9 +15.9
Conservative Mrs Josephine H. Fergus 9,295 20.2 −11.6
Liberal Democrat Les Ashworth 4,293 9.3 −8.9
Referendum Party David S.W. Blacker 2,104 4.6 N/A
Majority 21,064 45.7
Turnout 46,051 68.4 −8.1
Labour hold Swing +13.8
General Election 1992: Bishop Auckland[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Derek Foster 27,763 50.0 +2.0
Conservative David R. Williamson 17,676 31.8 −3.0
Liberal Democrat William P. Wade 10,099 18.2 +1.0
Majority 10,087 18.2 +5.0
Turnout 55,538 76.5 +2.4
Labour hold Swing +2.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Derek Foster 25,648 48.0 +3.6
Conservative R. Wight 18,613 34.8 −1.2
Liberal G. Irwin 9,195 17.2 −2.4
Majority 7,035 13.2
Turnout 53,456 74.1 +2.0
Labour hold Swing +2.4
General Election 1983: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Derek Foster 22,750 44.4
Conservative B.C. Legg 18,444 36.0
Liberal Andrew S. Collinge 10,070 19.6
Majority 4,306 8.4
Turnout 51,264 72.1 −2.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Derek Foster 27,200 48.8 −4.0
Conservative M.F. Irvine 21,160 38.0 +6.7
Liberal J.D. Frise 7,439 13.3 −2.6
Majority 6,040 10.8
Turnout 55,799 74.7 +3.8
Labour hold Swing −5.4
General Election October 1974: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Boyden 27,181 52.8 +4.7
Conservative D.W. Etheridge 16,086 31.3 −2.8
Liberal David Lytton-Cobbold 8,168 15.9 −1.9
Majority 11,095 21.6
Turnout 51,435 70.9 −7.5
Labour hold Swing +3.8
General Election February 1974: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Boyden 27,101 48.1 −12.6
Conservative D.W. Etheridge 19,226 34.1 −5.2
Liberal J.D. Frise 10,044 17.8 N/A
Majority 7,875 14.0
Turnout 56,371 78.4 +7.4
Labour hold Swing −3.7
General Election 1970: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Boyden 21,257 60.7 −4.1
Conservative T.J. Wiseman 13,769 39.3 +4.1
Majority 7,488 21.4
Turnout 35,026 71.0 −2.4
Labour hold Swing −4.1

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Boyden 22,015 64.8 +3.0
Conservative J.V. Ropner 11,936 35.2 −3.0
Majority 10,079 29.7
Turnout 33,951 73.4 −3.2
Labour hold Swing +3.0
General Election 1964: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Boyden 22,310 61.8 +6.8
Conservative J.V. Ropner 13,782 38.2 +4.3
Majority 8,528 7.3
Turnout 36,092 76.2 −4.6
Labour hold Swing +1.3

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Boyden 21,706 55.0 −2.7
Conservative N.W. Murray 13,377 33.9 −8.4
Liberal Joseph Gurney Pease 4,377 11.1 N/A
Majority 8,329 21.1
Turnout 39,460 80.8 +3.8
Labour hold Swing +2.9
General Election 1955: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Dalton 21,804 57.7 −2.8
Conservative R.D.M. Youngson 15,959 42.3 +2.8
Majority 5,845 15.5
Turnout 37,763 77.0 −8.1
Labour hold Swing −2.8
General Election 1951: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Dalton 25,881 60.5 +2.6
Conservative B.L. Butcher 16,895 39.5 +7.9
Majority 8,986 21.0
Turnout 42,776 85.1 −1.4
Labour hold Swing −5.3
General Election 1950: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Dalton 25,039 57.9 −6.2
Conservative Antony Lambton 13,669 31.6 N/A
Liberal L.W. Malby 4,527 10.5 N/A
Majority 11,370 26.3
Turnout 43,235 86.5 +12.5
Labour hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Dalton 20,100 64.1 +1.8
Liberal National W.J.W. Tily 11,240 35.9 N/A
Majority 8,860 28.3
Turnout 31,340 74.0 −5.2
Labour hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Bishop Auckland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Dalton 20,481 62.3
Liberal Aaron Charlton Curry 12,395 37.7
Majority 8,086 24.6
Turnout 32,876 79.2
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1931: Bishop Auckland[7]

Electorate: 41,851

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Aaron Charlton Curry 17,551 51.4
Labour Hugh Dalton 16,796 48.6
Majority 955 2.8
Turnout 34,547 82.5
Liberal National gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929[8]

Electorate 41,772

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Hugh John Neale Dalton 17,838 55.8 -1.3
Liberal Aaron Charlton Curry 9,635 30.1 +0.2
Unionist Herbert Thompson 4,503 14.1 +1.1
Majority 25.7
Turnout 76.5 +2.1
Labour hold Swing
Bishop Auckland by-election, 7 February 1929
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ruth Dalton 14,797 57.1 +2.0
Liberal Aaron Charlton Curry 7,725 29.9 −15.0
Unionist Herbert Thompson 3,357 13.0 N/A
Majority 7,072 27.2 +17.0
Turnout 25,879 74.4 −6.5
Labour hold Swing +8.5
General Election 1924

Electorate 35,438

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Rt Hon. Benjamin Charles Spoor 15,786
Liberal John Bainbridge 12,868
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1923

Electorate 34,487

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Benjamin Charles Spoor 13,328
Liberal John Bainbridge 6,686
Unionist Robert Gee 6,024
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1922

Electorate 34,649

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Benjamin Charles Spoor 13,946
National Liberal Egbert Atherley-Jones 12,019
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 34,575

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Benjamin Charles Spoor 10,060
Coalition Liberal
  1. Capt. Godfrey Russell Vick
7,417
Liberal Dr. Vickerman Henzell Rutherford 2,411
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b 2001 Census
  3. ^ Ordnance Survey map, courtesy of English Heritage
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ http://www.durham.gov.uk/PDFApproved/ParliamentaryElection2010_SoPN_BA.pdf
  6. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  7. ^ Political Science Resources, Richard Kimber
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Fred W. S. Craig Parliamentary Research Services, 1983

Sources[edit]

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.