Bishop of Achonry

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The Bishop of Achonry is an episcopal title which takes its name after the village of Achonry in County Sligo, Ireland. In the Roman Catholic Church it remains as a separate title, but in the Church of Ireland it has been united with other bishoprics.[1]

History[edit]

In the sixth century, the monastery at Achonry was founded by Saint Nathy, a disciple of Saint Finnian of Clonard. The superiors of the monastery were styled abbots or bishops of Achad Cain or Achad Conaire, and in some of the Irish annals they were called bishops of Luighne. It was not until 1152 that the Diocese of Achonry was established at the Synod of Kells.

During the Reformation, the bishops changed their allegiance back and forth between the Pope and the Tudors. After the Reformation, there were parallel apostolic successions: one of the Church of Ireland and the other of the Roman Catholic Church.

In the Church of Ireland, the see of Achonry continued as a separate title until 1622 when it combined with Killala to form the united bishopric of Killala and Achonry.[2] Under the Church Temporalities (Ireland) Act 1833, the combined sees Killala and Achonry became part of the archbishopric of Tuam in 1834. On the death of Archbishop Le Poer Trench in 1839, the Ecclesiastical Province of Tuam lost its metropolitan status and became the united bishopric of Tuam, Killala and Achonry in the Ecclesiastical Province of Armagh.[3][4]

In the Roman Catholic Church, Achonry remains a separate title. The Roman Catholic bishop's seat (Cathedra) is now located at the Cathedral Church of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Nathy in Ballaghaderreen, County Roscommon. The current ordinary is the Most Reverend Brendan Kelly, Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Achonry, who was appointed by Pope Benedict XVI on 20 November 2007,[5] and ordained bishop on 27 January 2008.[6]

Pre-Reformation bishops[edit]

Pre-Reformation Bishops of Achonry
From Until Ordinary Notes
bef. 1152 1170 Máel Ruanaid Ua Ruadáin Present at the Synod of Kells in 1152; died in office
bef. 1179 1208 Gilla na Náem Ua Ruadáin Resigned before 1208; died 1214; also known as Gelasius
bef. 1208 1219 Clemens Ua Sniadaig, O.Cist Died in office; also known as Carus
1220 1227 Connmach Ó Torpaig Previously Abbot of Mellifont; elected before 10 March 1220; died 16 January 1227; buried in Mellifont Abbey
c.1227 1230 Gilla Ísu Ó Cléirig Died in office; also recorded as Gelasius
c.1231 1237 Tomás Ó Ruadáin Died in office
c.1238 1248 Áengus Ó Clúmain Consecrated in circa 1238; resigned before 14 November 1248; retired to the Boyle Abbey and died there in 1264; also known as Eugenius
1248 1251 See vacant
1251 1265 Tomás Ó Maicín Elected bishop after 14 February 1251; consecrated before 20 June 1251; died in office in the spring of 1265
1266 1285 Tomás Ó Miadacháin Previously Archdeacon of Archonry; elected before 27 April 1266; consecrated 19 December 1266; died circa 27 November 1285; also known as Dionysius
1286 1312 Benedictus Ó Bracáin Elected after 29 April 1286; received possession of the temporalities 17 September 1286; died 19 March 1312; his surname is also recorded as O'Bran, O'Bragan and O'Brogan
1312 1344 David of Kilheny Elected after 1 May 1312; received possession of the temporalities 1 August 1312; died in office
1348 1373 Nichol alias Muircheartach Ó hEadhra, O.Cist. Appointed and consecrated bishop 22 October 1348; took received possession of the temporalities 19 March 1349; died in office
1374 1380 William Andrew, O.P. Appointed 17 October 1373; received possession of the temporalities 1 August 1374; acted as a suffragan bishop in the Diocese of Canterbury in 1380; Translated to Meath
1385 unknown Simon, O.Cist. Appointed before 9 July 1385; acted as a suffragan bishop in the dioceses of London 1385, Winchester 1385-95, Canterbury 1386, and Lichfield 1387
unknown 1396 Donatus Ó hEadhra Died in office; surname also recorded as O'Hara
1396 unknown Johannes Appointed before 13 September 1396
unknown 1398 Tomás mac Muirgheasa MacDonnchadha Died in office; surname also recorded as McDonagh
1401 1409 Brian mac Seaain Ó hEadhra Appointed before September 1400; consecrated after January 1401; died in office
1410 1434 Maghnus Ó hEadhra [A] Appointed 14 April 1410; consecrated before June 1410; died after October 1434; also known as Magonius.[B]
1424 1436 Richard Belmer, O.P. [B] Appointed 12 April 1424; consecrated 14 June 1424; titlar Bishop of Scattery Island; acted as a suffragan bishop in the dioceses Worcester and Hereford 1426-33; died before September 1436
1436 1442 Tadhg Ó Dalaigh, O.P. Appointed 3 September 1436; died in Rome before 15 October 1442; also known as Thaddaeus and Nicholas O'Daly.
1442 1453 James Blakedon, O.P. Appointed 15 October 1442; acted as a suffragan bishop in the dioceses of Salisbury, Bath and Wells, Exeter, and Worcester between 1442 and 1453; Translated to Bangor 7 February 1453
1449 1473 Cornelius Ó Mochain, O.Cist. Previously Abbot of Boyle; appointed 15 October 1449; confirmed 5 April 1452; died before July 1473
1463 unknown Brian Ó hEasdhra Appointed 2 September 1463; died before May 1484; also known as Benedictus and Bernardus.
1470 unknown Nicholas Forden Appointed 22 April 1470
1475 unknown Robert Wellys, O.F.M. Appointed 14 July 1473; consecrated 4 June 1475; did not get possession
unknown 1492 Thomas fitzRichard Died before October 1492
1484 1508 Tomás Ó Conghaláin Appointed 10 May 1484; died in office
1489 John Bustamente Spanish monk; Preceptor of the Convent of St. Catherine, Toledo; appointed 23 September 1489, but did not take effect; also recorded as John de Bustamente
1492 after 1504 Thomas Ford (de Rivis), O.S.A. Previously Prior of Huntingdon; appointed 8 October 1492; acted as a suffragan bishop in the dioceses of Lichfield 1495, and Lincoln 1496-1504; died after 1504
1508 1522 Eugenius Ó Flannagáin, O.P. Appointed 22 December 1508; died before June 1522
1522 1547 Cormac Ó Snighe Appointed 15 June 1522, but did not get possession; died before June 1547
Sources: [7][8][9]

Bishops during the Reformation[edit]

Bishops of Achonry during the Reformation
From Until Ordinary Notes
1547 1555 Thomas O'Fihely Appointed 16 June 1547; translated to Leighlin 30 August 1555
1556 1561 Cormac O'Coyn, O.P. Perhaps nominated in 1556 by Queen Mary I, but no record of a papal appointment; died before 12 October 1561; also known as Cormac O'Quin
1562 1603 Eugene O'Hart, O.P. Formerly Prior of Sligo Abbey; appointed by Pope Pius IV on 28 January 1562; assisted in the Council of Trent; appears to have been recognized by Queen Elizabeth I in circa 1585; died in office; his surname was also recorded as O'Harte
Sources: [9][10]

Post-Reformation bishops[edit]

Church of Ireland succession[edit]

Church of Ireland Bishops of Achonry
From Until Ordinary Notes
1603 1613 See vacant
1613 1622 Miler Magrath Archbishop of Cashel since 1571, he also held "in commendam" the bishopric of Achonry from 1613 until his death on 14 November 1622
1623 1834 See part of the Anglican bishopric of Killala and Achonry
1834 1839 See part of the Anglican archbishopric of Tuam
since 1839 See part of the Anglican bishopric of Tuam, Killala and Achonry
Sources: [11][12][9]

Roman Catholic succession[edit]

Roman Catholic Bishops of Achonry
From Until Ordinary Notes
1603 1629 See vacant
1629 unknown (Andrew Lynch) Appointed vicar apostolic 28 November 1629
1631 1662 (James Fallon) Appointed vicar apostolic 13 January 1631; active as vicar apostolic from 1631 to 1652 (including while Louis Dillon was bishop); imprisoned between 1652 to 1660; died 1662
1641 c.1645 Louis Dillon Appointed bishop 16 September 1641; died or resigned by 1645
1662 1677 See vacant
1677 unknown (Maurice Durcan) Appointed vicar apostolic 8 July 1677
1684 1725 Hugh MacDermot Appointed as vicar apostolic 21 December 1684 and as bishop 30 April 1707; died 1725
1725 1735 Dominic O'Daly, O.P. Appointed 20 September 1725; consecrated 30 November 1725; died 1735
1735 1739 John O'Hart Appointed 30 September 1735; died May 1739
1739 1758 Walter Blake Appointed 13 August 1739; died 1758
1758 1776 Patrick Robert Kirwan Appointed 21 August 1758; died March or April 1776
1776 1785 Philip Phillips Translated from Killala 22 June 1776; later translated Tuam 22 November 1785
1785 1787 Boetius Egan Appointed 22 November 1785; translated to Tuam 15 December 1787
1788 1803 Thomas O'Connor Appointed 4 January 1788; consecrated April 1788; died 18 February 1803
1803 1808 Charles Lynagh Appointed 13 May 1803; consecrated 4 June 1804; died April or May 1808; also recorded as Charles Lynan
1809 1817 John O'Flynn Appointed 30 June 1809; consecrated 12 November 1809; died 17 July 1817
1818 1852 Patrick MacNicholas Appointed 23 February 1818; consecrated 17 May 1818; died 11 February 1852
1852 1875 Patrick Durcan Appointed 4 October 1852; consecrated 30 November 1852; died 1 May 1875
1875 1887 Francis McCormack Appointed Coadjutor Bishop 21 November 1871; consecrated 4 February 1872; succeeded 1 May 1875; translated to Galway and Kilmacduagh 27 April 1887
1888 1911 John Lyster Appointed 25 February 1888; consecrated 8 April 1888; died 17 January 1911
1911 1946 Patrick Morrisroe Appointed 13 May 1911; consecrated 3 September 1911; died 27 May 1946
1947 1976 James Fergus Appointed 15 February 1947; consecrated 4 May 1947; retired 17 March 1976; died 24 March 1989
1976 2007 Thomas Flynn Appointed 30 December 1976; ordained bishop 20 February 1977; retired 20 November 2007
2007 present Brendan Kelly Appointed 20 November 2007; ordained bishop 27 January 2008
Sources: [13][14]

Notes[edit]

  • A Maghnus Ó hEadhra and B Richard Belmer were bishops at the same time.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 328–329, 378–379 and 412–413.
  2. ^ Cotton 1850, The Province of Connaught, p. 97.
  3. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, p. 407.
  4. ^ Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, A New History of Ireland, volume IX, p. 438.
  5. ^ Galway priest new bishop of Achonry. Galway Independent. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
  6. ^ New bishop ordained with 'cupla focail'. Irish Independent. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
  7. ^ Cotton 1850, The Province of Connaught, pp. 98–103.
  8. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 328-329.
  9. ^ a b c "Historical successions: Achonry". Crockford's Clerical Directory. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  10. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 378 and 412.
  11. ^ Cotton 1850, The Province of Connaught, p. 103.
  12. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 378.
  13. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 412–413.
  14. ^ Diocese of Achonry. Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 14 January 2009.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cotton, Henry (1850). The Province of Connaught. Fasti Ecclesiae Hiberniae: The Succession of the Prelates and Members of the Cathedral Bodies of Ireland. Volume 4. Dublin: Hodges and Smith. 
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I., eds. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd, Reprinted 2003 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.