Roman Catholic Bishop of Acre

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St Georges Acre, Israel.

The Bishop of Acre was a suffragan bishop of the Crusader Archbishop of Tyre. Acre is present-day Akko.

History[edit]

The introduction of Christianity to Ptolemais dates back to Apostolic times. The Apostle Paul, returning from his trip to Macedonia (region), in Achaea and Asia, landed at tyre, and from there flew to Ptolemais, where he stayed some days with the local Christian community (acts 21.7).

The first bishop known is Claro, the 190 attended a Council meeting which saw some bishops of Phoenicia and Palestine to deal with the issue of the date of the Paschal feast. But we must go back to the fourth century to find the next Bishop, Enea, who took part at the first Council of Nicaea in 325 and at the Synod held in Antioch in 341. Nectabo was one of the fathers of the first Ecumenical Council of Constantinople in 381. Between the 4th and 5th centuries lived Bishop Antiochus, opponent of Giovanni Crisostomo. Elladio participated in the first Council of Ephesus in 431. Paul took part in the Council held at Antioch of 445 to judge the work of Athanasius of Perre and at the Council of Chalcedon of 451. In 518 Bishop Giovanni signed a Synodal letter against Severus of Antioch and the Monophysite party. Finally, the last known Bishop is Giorgio, who attended the second Council of Constantinople in 553.

With the conquest of the Crusaders in the 12th century, the city, called San Giovanni D'Acri, became part of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and was a diocese of the Latin rite, headquartered at the Cathedral of the Holy Cross. Against the practice and ecclesiastical tradition orientale, the Crusaders captured the diocese, along with other southern Phoenicia, to the Patriarchate of Antioch, for discussion, to Jerusalem.

After the fall of Jerusalem in 1187, the seat of the Patriarch moved to Shooting Guard and then in San Giovanni D'Acri in 1191; the Patriarch returned to Jerusalem in 1229, when the city was returned to the Crusaders, then back to San Giovanni D'Acri in 1244. San Giovanni D'Acri had its own Bishop until 1263, when the Patriarchs of Jerusalem ruled in administration until the fall of the city in the hands of the Muslims in 1291. The most famous Bishop of San Giovanni D'Acri was the chronicler Jacques de Vitry.

Ptolemais in Phoenicia survives today as a titular see; the seat has been vacant since September 12, 1988. Until the mid-19th century it had the name Aconensis or Acconensis


List of Known Bishops of Acre[edit]

Claro (late 2nd century) Enea (before-after 341 325) Nectabo (mentioned in 381) Antiochus (early 5th century) Elladio (mentioned in 431) Paul (before 445-after 451) Giovanni (mentioned in 518) Giorgio (mentioned in 553) Giovanni † (before 1135 – aft. 1133) Rorgo † (mentioned in 1147)

  • Hugh of le Mans?
  • Frederick, Archbishop of Tyrec.1150
  • William
  • Joscius, Archbishop of Tyrefl.1172
  • Rufinus, killed at the Battle of Hattinc. 1187
  • John of Noyon, chancellor to Baldwin IX of Flanders, during the Fourth Crusade
  • Florent[1] c. 1208
  • Jacques de Vitry1216-1228
  • Ralph (Crusade era)
  • Nicolas Arlon, O. Carm. † (27 Jun 1344 Appointed - )
  • Johann Goldener, O.S.A. † (14 Jan 1451 Appointed - 25 Apr 1475)[2]
  • Titular Bishop: Bishop Armand de Rohan-Soubise-Ventadour (1742.07.30 – 1747.04.10)
  • Titular Bishop: Bishop Luiz de Castro Pereira, C.S.J. (1804.10.29 – 1822.08.01)
  • Titular Bishop: Bishop Maciej Pawel Mozdzeniewski (1815.07.10 – 1819.04.02)
  • Titular Bishop: Bishop Ferdinand Maria von Chotek (later Archbishop) (1817.04.14 – 1831.09.30)
  • Titular Bishop: Bishop François-René Boussen (1832.12.17 – 1834.06.23)
  • Titular Bishop: Archbishop Alois Josef Schrenk (1838.02.12 – 1838.09.17)
  • Titular Bishop: Bishop Tommaso Feeny (Thomas Feeny) (1839.07.27 – 1848.01.11)
  • Titular Bishop: Bishop Cassien-Léonard de Peretti (1875.03.31 – 1892.02.22)
  • Titular Archbishop: Archbishop José Marcondes Homem de Melo (1906.12.06 – 1908.08.09)
  • Titular Archbishop: Archbishop Augustin Dontenwill, O.M.I. (1909.01.19 – 1931.11.30)
  • Louis Joseph El-Khazen, O.A.M. † (23 Feb 1919 Appointed - 22 Feb 1933 Died)
  • Titular Bishop: Bishop Louis-Eugène-Arsène Turquetil, O.M.I. (1931.12.15 – 1955.06.14)
  • Titular Bishop: Bishop Edmundo Luís Kunz (1955.08.01 – 1988.09.12)[3][4]
  • Joseph Khoury † (Auxiliary Bishop: 4 May 1956 to 11 Dec 1959)
  • Camille Zaidan (13 Aug 2011 Appointed - 16 Jun 2012 Confirmed, Archbishop of Antélias (Maronite))
  • Joseph Emile Mouawad (16 Jun 2012 Appointed - current) [5][6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades III, p.132.
  2. ^ Diocese of Acre at Catholic Heirachy.org.
  3. ^ Ptolemais in Phoenicia at GCatholic.org.
  4. ^ Ptolemais in Phoenicia dei Maroniti at Catholic Heirachy.org.
  5. ^ Le Petit Episcopologe, Issue 211, Number 17,519
  6. ^ Bishops who are not Ordinaries of Sees.