Roman Catholic Diocese of Angra

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Angra
Dioecesis Angrensis
Diocese de Angra
Igr se angra 1.jpg
The Sé Cathedral of Angra, located on the island of Terceira in the UNESCO-designated World Heritage city of Angra do Heroísmo
Location
Country  Portugal
Territory  Azores
Ecclesiastical province Lisbon
Metropolitan Patriarchate of Lisbon
Coordinates Coordinates: 38°39′19.04″N 27°13′15.41″W / 38.6552889°N 27.2209472°W / 38.6552889; -27.2209472
Statistics
Area 2,243 km2 (866 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2012)
246,746
236,746 (95.9%)
Parishes 164
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman rite
Established 5 November 1534
Cathedral Cathedral of the Holy Savior in Angra do Heroísmo
Patron saint São Salvador do Mundo
Blessed John Baptist Machado
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop António de Sousa Braga
Metropolitan Archbishop Manuel III
Map
Dioceses de Portugal.PNG
Website
Website of the Diocese

The Roman Catholic diocese of Angra (Portuguese: Diocese de Angra, Latin: Dioecesis Angrensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese administering to the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. The current bishop is António de Sousa Braga (since 1996), who succeeded Aurélio Granada Escudeiro.[1]

History[edit]

The Sé Cathedral as it appeared in 1903
The cathedral as it appeared at the end of the 20th century

The Azores, like all the islands and lands discovered during the Portuguese Age of Discoveries, began as jurisdictions of the Order of Christ, under the direction of the vicar of Tomar (Latin: vicarius nullius).

Upon the creation of the Bishopric of Funchal, in 1514, the communities of the Azores began to fall within the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Funchal. As the result of a petition by King John III of Portugal, Pope Clement VII created the Bishopric of São Miguel (São Salvador), but this patriarch died before a Papal bull was issued.

The following year, Pope Paul III (under papal bull Aequum reputamus) elevated the Bishopric of São Salvador, reclassified the Church of São Salvador as a Cathedral and placed it under the suffragan of the Archbishop of Funchal.[2] In 1550, the Diocese was transferred to the suffragan of the metropole of Lisbon. It was vacant from 1637 to 1671.

Bishops of Angra[edit]

Since its creation, the Diocese of Angra has been governed by the following bishops:

  • D. Agostinho Ribeiro (1534-1540)
  • D. Rodrigo Pinheiro (1540-1552)
  • D. Jorge de Santiago, O.P. (1552-1561)
  • D. Manuel de Almada (1564-1567)
  • D. Nuno Álvares Pereira (1568-1570)
  • D. Gaspar de Faria (1571-1576)
  • D. Pedro de Castilho (1578-1583)
  • D. Manuel de Gouveia (1584-1596)
  • D. Jerónimo Teixeira Cabral (1600-1612)
  • D. Agostinho Ribeiro (1614-1621)
  • D. Pedro da Costa (1623-1625)
  • D. João Pimenta de Abreu (1626-1632)
  • D. António da Ressurreição, O.P. (1635-1637)
  • D. Lourenço de Castro, O.P. (1671-1678)
  • D. João dos Prazeres, O.F.M. (1683-1685)
  • D. Clemente Vieira, O.A.D. (1688-1692)
  • D. António Vieira Leitão (1694-1714)
  • D. João de Brito e Vasconcelos (1718)
  • D. Manuel Álvares da Costa (1721-1733)
  • D. Valério do Sacramento, O.F.M. (1738-1757)
  • D. António Caetano da Rocha (1758-1772)
  • D. João Marcelino dos Santos Homem Aparício (1774-1782)
  • D. José da Avé-Maria Leite da Costa e Silva (1783-1799)
  • D. José Pegado de Azevedo (1802-1812)
  • D. Alexandre da Sagrada Família, O.F.M. (1816-1818)
  • D. Manuel Nicolau de Almeida, O.C.D. (1820-1825)
  • D. Estêvão de Jesus Maria, O.F.M. (1827-1870)
  • D. João Maria Pereira de Amaral e Pimentel (1872-1889)
  • D. Francisco Maria do Prado Lacerda (1889-1891)
  • D. Francisco José Ribeiro Vieira e Brito (1892-1901)
  • D. José Manuel de Carvalho (1902-1904)
  • D. José Correia Cardoso Monteiro (1905-1910)
  • D. Manuel Damasceno da Costa (1915-1922)
  • D. António Augusto de Castro Meireles (1924-1928)
  • D. Guilherme Augusto Inácio de Cunha Guimarães (1928-1957)
  • D. Manuel Afonso de Carvalho (1957-1978)
  • D. Aurélio Granada Escudeiro (1979-1996)
  • D. António de Sousa Braga (since 1996)

Diocese[edit]

The emblematic volcanic mountain of Pico: one of the landscapes of the Azores

The episcopal see remains a suffragan of the patriarch of Lisbon, Cardinal José da Cruz Policarpo, of the archdiocese of Lisbon, and serves the entirety of the archipelago of the Azores.[1][2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cheney, David M. (4 March 2012). "Diocese of Angra". Kansas, United States. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Angra". New York, New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1907. 

Sources[edit]

  • Battandier, Ann (1905), Pont. Cath. (in French), Paris, France, p. 213 
  • Werner (1890), Orbis Terr. Cath. (in German), Freiburg, Germany, p. 51 
  • Incarnat (1757), Hist. Eccl. Lusitaniæ (in Portuguese), Coimbra, Portugal, p. 63 
  • New Advent, ed. (1907), "APA Citation location=Angra do Heroísmo (Azores), Portugal", The Catholic Encyclopedia, New York, New York: Robert Appleton Company, retrieved 30 August 2012 
  • New Advent, ed. (1907), "Angra", The Catholic Encyclopedia, New York, New York: Robert Appleton Company, retrieved 30 August 2012 
  • Lafort, S.T.D., Remy (1 March 1907), John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York, ed., Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat, New York, New York: Censor. Imprimatur 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. 

External links[edit]