Roman Catholic Diocese of Assisi-Nocera Umbra-Gualdo Tadino
|Diocese of Assisi-Nocera Umbra-Gualdo Tadino
|Ecclesiastical province||Perugia-Città della Pieve|
|Area||1,142 km2 (441 sq mi)|
|(as of 2006)
|Cathedral||Cattedrale di S. Rufino (Assisi)|
|Co-cathedral||Concattedrale di S. Maria Assunta (Nocera Umbra)
Basilica Concattedrale di S. Benedetto (Gualdo Tadino)
The Italian Catholic Diocese of Assisi-Nocera Umbra-Gualdo Tadino (Latin: Dioecesis Assisiensis-Nucerina-Tadinensis) in Umbria, has existed since 1986. In that year the historic Diocese of Assisi, known as the birthplace of Francis of Assisi, was combined with the Diocese of Nocera Umbra-Gualdo Tadino. The diocese is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Perugia-Città della Pieve.
The Gospel was first preached to the people of Assisi about the middle of the third century by St. Cyspolitus, Bishop of Bettona (ancient Vettona), who suffered martyrdom under the Emperor Maximian. About 235 St. Rufinus was appointed Bishop of Assisi by Pope Fabian; he suffered martyrdom about 236; and was succeeded by St. Victorinus. Both St. Victorinus and his immediate successor, St. Sabinus, died martyrs.
Of the bishops who occupied the See of Assisi during the fifth and sixth centuries, Aventius interceded (545) with Totila in behalf of the Assisians, and saved the city from the Ostrogothic army on its way to Rome. In succeeding centuries mention is made of several Bishops of Assisi who were present at general councils of the Church. Thus, in 659, Aquilinus was summoned by Pope Martin I to be present at the Lateran Council, convened for the purpose of formulating decrees against the Monothelites.
In the seventh and eighth centuries Assisi fell under the power of the Lombard dukes, and in 773 was razed to the ground by Charlemagne for its determined resistance to him. He restored it, however, and at the same time all traces of Arian belief and Lombard sympathies disappeared. About the same time the great castle, or Rocca d'Assisi, was built, which stronghold made the town thenceforth a great power in the political life of central Italy.
Bishop Hugo, whose episcopate lasted from 1036 to 1050, transferred the episcopal chair to the cathedral of San Rufino, which he himself raised over the little oratory beheath which the Saint's bones had rested for eight centuries. From Sts. Rufinus to Ambrose Luddi, O. P., the bishops numbered some ninety-two; but of these some are little known, and the existence of others is more or less problematical.