Roman Catholic Diocese of Ciudad Rodrigo

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Diocese of Ciudad Rodrigo
Dioecesis Civitatensis
Diócesis de Ciudad Rodrigo
Catedral de Ciudad Rodrigo. Vista general con Portada de las Cadenas en primer plano.jpg
Location
Country Spain
Ecclesiastical province Valladolid
Metropolitan Valladolid
Statistics
Area 4,264 km2 (1,646 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2006)
45,474
44,487 (97.8%)
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Latin Rite
Established 1168
Cathedral Cathedral of St Mary in Ciudad Rodrigo
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Raúl Cecilio Berzosa Martínez
Metropolitan Archbishop Ricardo Blázquez
Map
Diocesis de Ciudad Rodrigo.png
Website
Website of the Diocese

The Diocese of Ciudad Rodrigo (Latin: Dioecesis Civitatensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese in Spain, located in the city of Ciudad Rodrigo in the ecclesiastical province of Valladolid.

Foundation[edit]

The origins of the diocese of Ciudad Rodrigo have been studied in depth in two papers by Fidel Fita.[1] The exact date when the town was conquered is unknown, but it was purchased by the citizens of Salamanca about 1135.[2] They controlled it until 1161, when it was annexed to the royal domain by king Ferdinand II, who built a castle for the defence of the frontier and founded the diocese as well as two monasteries. The move provoked hostility: the Salamancans revolted in 1162[3] and Portugal, threatened by a new royal fortress so near its border, invaded in 1163.[4]

When Ferdinand II founded the diocese in 1161, he claimed only to be re-establishing the ancient diocese of Caliabria, the location of which was in fact unknown. On 13 February Ferdinand issued a charter (called the fuero eclesiástico) for the new diocese, in which he gave the metropolitan Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela full authority to appoint the bishop without reference to the cathedral chapter. The king did not consult the pope, Alexander III, who showed he was displeased by the fuero in a bull of 1175. By that time it may have even been allowed to lapse, since a further royal charter of 20 September 1168 does not mention the special provision of 1161. It is uncertain how the first bishop, Domingo, came into his office, or even when. He is not recorded in any document before 1168 and he was dead by 1172 or 1173.[4] Of the early bishops, only Pedro de Ponte is well-known. Martín (1190–1211) and Lombardo (1214–27) are known only from the witness lists of royal charters and from Martín's stint as a papal judge-delegate.[5]

The Almohads attacked the city (Alsibdat in Arabic sources) in 1174, the same year that a dispute over the boundary between the diocese of Ciudad Rodrigo and that of Salamanca was settled. The diocese was bounded to the north and east by the rivers Huebra, Yeltes and Duero. Its southern frontier was desolate and extended to the diocese of Coria. To its west lay Portugal.[4]

Bishop Raúl Berzosa

Leadership[edit]

  • Domingo (1161×68 – 1172×73)
  • Pedro de Ponte (1174 – 1189)
  • Martín (1190 – 1211)
  • Lombardo (1214 – 1227)
  • Miguel (1227 – 1245)
  • Pedro II (1245 – 1251)
  • Leonardo (1252 – 1259)
  • Domingo Martín (1263 – 1274)
  • Pedro III (1274 – 1284)
  • Antonio (1285 – 1300)
  • Alfonso (1300 – 1314)
  • Bernardo (? – 1324)
  • Juan I (1324 – ?)
  • Juan II (? – 1339)
  • Alfonso III (1344 – 1371)
  • Rodrigo (1384 – 1391)
  • Gonçalo Gonçalves (Apostolic Administrator 1403 – 1408)
  • Andrés Díaz (1410 – 1422)
  • Alfonso V (? – 1429?)
  • Sancho (1431 – 1433)
  • Alfonso Sánchez de Valladolid (1433 – 1455)
  • Alfonso de Palenzuela (1460 – 1469)
  • Alfonso de Paradinas (1469 – 1485)
  • Pedro Beltrán (1485 – 1487)
  • Diego de Moiras, O.Merc. (1487 – 1493)
  • Juan de Ortega (1493 – 1499)
  • Diego de Peralta (1499 – 1501)
  • Valeriano Ordóñez Villaquirán (24 Sep 1501 - 22 Dec 1508 )
  • Francisco Bobadilla (22 Jan 1509 - 18 Nov 1510 )
  • Francisco Ruiz, O.F.M. (18 Nov 1510 - 14 Jul 1514 )
  • Juan Pardo Tavera (14 Jul 1514 - 31 Dec 1523 )
  • Pedro Portocarrero (31 Dec 1523 - 26 Jun 1525 )
  • Gonzalo Maldonado (3 Jul 1525 - 29 Jun 1530 Died)
  • Pedro Fernández Manrique † (14 Dec 1530 - 11 Apr 1537 )
  • Pedro Pacheco Ladrón de Guevara (11 Apr 1537 - 21 May 1539 )
  • Antonio Ramírez de Haro (18 Aug 1539 - 27 Jun 1541)
  • Francisco de Navarra y Hualde (22 May 1542 - 14 Dec 1545)
  • Juan Aceres (8 Jan 1546 - 31 Jul 1549 )
  • Pedro Ponce de Léon (27 Jun 1550 - 26 Jan 1560)
  • Diego de Covarrubias y Leiva † (26 Jan 1560 - 25 Oct 1564 )
  • Diego de Simancas (15 Dec 1564 - 3 Dec 1568 )
  • Andrés Pérez (10 Dec 1568 - 1583 Died)
  • Pedro Vélez Guevara (9 Jan 1584 - 1585 )
  • Bernardo de Sandoval y Rojas (8 Jan 1586 - 16 Mar 1588 )
  • Pedro Maldonado (23 Mar 1588 - 1591 )
  • Martín de Salvatierra (15 May 1591 - 1604 Died)
  • Pedro Ponce de Léon (31 Aug 1605 - 29 Mar 1610 )
  • Antonio Idiáquez Manrique (26 May 1610 - 4 Feb 1613 )
  • Jerónimo Ruiz Camargo (12 Aug 1613 - 23 May 1622 )
  • Agustín Antolínez, O.S.A. (10 May 1623 - 1 Jul 1624 )
  • Martín Fernández Portocarrero (19 Jul 1624 - 1625)
  • Juan de la Torre Ayala (7 Jan 1626 - 13 Jun 1638 )
  • Francisco Díaz Alarcón y Covarrubias † (11 Apr 1639 - 18 Oct 1645 )
  • Juan Pérez Delgado (3 Dec 1646 - 11 Oct 1655 )
  • Alonso Bernardo de Ríos y Guzmán, O.SS.T. † (16 Nov 1671 - 13 Sep 1677)
  • José Díez Santos de San Pedro (28 May 1714 - 24 Oct 1719 )
  • Gregorio Téllez, O.F.M. Conv. (3 Feb 1721 - 2 Mar 1738 )
  • Clemente Comenge Avio (3 Mar 1738 - 12 Dec 1747 )
  • Pedro Gómez de la Torre (2 Dec 1748 - 24 May 1756 )
  • José Francisco Biguezal ( 1756 - 2 Dec 1762 )
  • Cayetano Antonio Cuadrillero Mota (18 Jul 1763 - 15 Dec 1777 )
  • Agustín de Alvarado y Castillo (14 Dec 1778 - 21 Jul 1781)
  • Ildefonso Molina Santaella † (17 Feb 1783 - 4 Dec 1784 )
  • Benito Uría Valdés, O.S.B. † (26 Sep 1785 - 23 Jul 1810 )
  • Pedro Manuel Ramírez de la Piscina † (19 Dec 1814 - 21 Aug 1835 )
  • Jesús Enciso Viana † (2 Feb 1950 - 30 May 1955 )
  • José Bascuñana y López † (11 Jun 1955 - 20 May 1964 )
  • Demetrio Mansilla Reoyo † (7 Jul 1964 - 7 Jan 1988 )
  • Antonio Ceballos Atienza (7 Jan 1988 - 10 Dec 1993 )
  • Julián López Martín (15 Jul 1994 - 19 Mar 2002 )
  • Atilano Rodríguez Martínez (26 Feb 2003 - 2 Feb 2011 )
  • Raul Cecilio Berzosa Martinez (2 Feb 2011 - present ); formerly, Auxiliary Bishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Oviedo, Spain

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "La Diócesis y Fuero Eclesiástico de Ciudad Rodrigo", Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia 61 (1912): 437–48; "El Papa Alejandro III y la Diócesis de Ciudad Rodrigo", Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia 62 (1913): 142–57.
  2. ^ H. Grassotti, "Sobre una concesión de Alfonso VII a la iglesia salmantina", Cuadernos de Historia de España 49, 1 (1969), 347–48.
  3. ^ Such urban revolts were not uncommon in León, cf. Mutiny of the Trout.
  4. ^ a b c Richard A. Fletcher, The Episcopate in the Kingdom of León in the Twelfth Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978), 35–36.
  5. ^ Fletcher, Episcopate, 36–37. He notes that Lombardo may have been the archdeacon of Medina and Alba in the diocese of Salamanca before becoming bishop.

Source[edit]