Bishop of Cloyne

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The Bishop of Cloyne is an episcopal title which takes its name after the small town of Cloyne in County Cork, Republic of Ireland. In the Roman Catholic Church it is a separate title, but in the Church of Ireland it has been united with other bishoprics.

Pre-Reformation bishops[edit]

The diocese of Cloyne has its origins in the monastic settlement founded by St Colman in the 6th century.[1] Cloyne was not one of the dioceses established at the Synod of Rathbreasail in 1111, but a bishop of Cloyne was ruling the diocese by 1148, which was recognised at the Synod of Kells in March 1152.[2]

In 1326, Pope John XXII issued a papal bull for the union of the dioceses of Cork and Cloyne to be united on the death of the bishop of either see. But on the death of Philip of Slane, Bishop of Cork in 1327, the two dioceses remained separate. Bishop Payn of Cloyne obtained a confirmation of the union of the two dioceses from Pope Martin V on 21 September 1418. However, the union did not take effect due to opposition by Bishop Milo fitzJohn of Cork. Bishop Payn of Cloyne resigned in 1429 and Jordan Purcell was appointed bishop of the united see of Cork and Cloyne on 15 June 1429.[1][2][3]

List of pre-Reformation Bishops of Cloyne[2]
From Until Incumbent Notes
bef.1148 1149 Gilla na Náem Ua Muirchertaig Before bishop before 1148; died 1149; also known as Nehemias
unknown 1159 Ua Dubchróin Abbot of Cloyne; died in office
unknown 1167 Ua Flannacáin Died in office
fl. 1173–77 1192 Mattaeus Ua Mongaig fl. 1173 – 1177; died in office
bef.1201 1205 Laurentius Ua Súillebáin Became bishop before 1201; died in office
c.1205 unknown C. Became bishhop circa 1205
bef.1218 1223 Luke Became bishop before 1218; died in office
1224 (Florentius) Elected before 24 August 1224, but never consecrated
1226 (William), an O.Cist. Elected before 20 July 1226, but never consecrated
1226 1234 Daniel Elected after 31 August 1226; died after October 1234
1234 1240 See vacant
1240 1246 Ailinn Ó Súillebáin, O.P. Consecrated circa 1240; translated to Lismore after 26 October 1246
1247 1264 Daniel, O.F.M. Elected before 12 October 1247 and consecrated after that date; received possession of temporalities 2 July 1248; died before 2 June 1264
1265 1274 Reginaldus Translated from Down 13 April 1265; died 7 February 1274
1275 1284 Alanus Ó Longáin, O.F.M. Elected before 18 February 1275; received possession of temporalities 21 February 1275; died circa 5 January 1284
1284 1321 Nicholas of Effingham Elected after 18 March 1284; received possession of temporalities 2 September 1284; died in June 1321
1321 1333 Mauricius Ó Solcháin Appointed 8 October 1321; received possession of temporalities 1 August 1322; consecrated after 25 August 1323; died 31 March 1333
1333 c.1351 John Brid, O.Cist. Appointed 10 August and consecrated after 9 October 1333; received possession of temporalities 16 September 1335; died circa 1351
1351 1362 John Whitekot Elected before June 1351; received possession of temporalities 18 September 1351; died 7 February 1362
1363 1376 John Swaffham, O.Carm. Appointed 1 March 1363; received possession of temporalities 14 July 1363; translated to Bangor 2 July 1376
1376 1394 Richard Wyre, O.Carm. Appointed 2 July 1376; received possession of temporalities 9 November 1376; deprived before 16 March 1394
1394 c.1405 Gerard Caneton, O.E.S.A. Appointed 16 March 1394; received possession of temporalities 9 November 1394; translated to Elphin circa 1405
1413 1429 Adam Payn, O.E.S.A. Appointed 26 July 1413; resigned before 15 June 1429; died before January 1432
In 1429, the see part of the united see of Cork and Cloyne.[3]

Post-Reformation bishops[edit]

Church of Ireland succession[edit]

After the Reformation, the Church of Ireland see of Cork and Cloyne continued until 1583 when they were united with Ross. For a short while they were separated in 1638 into the bishopric of Cork and Ross and the bishopric of Cloyne, but were reunited again in 1660. Cloyne once again became separate bishopric in 1679. Since 1835, Cloyne has been part of the united diocese of Cork, Cloyne and Ross.[4]

List of Church of Ireland Bishops of Cloyne[4]
From Until Incumbent Notes
1638 1652 George Synge Nominated 21 June and consecrated 11 November 1638; died 3 August 1652
1652 1661 See vacant
1661 1679 The see was part of the united the bishopric of Cork, Cloyne and Ross.
1679 1682 Patrick Sheridan Nominated 11 February and consecrated 27 April 1679; died 22 November 1682
1682 1692 Edward Jones Nominated 22 December 1682 and consecrated 11 March 1683; translated to St Asaph 13 December 1692
1693 1694 William Palliser Nominated 20 January and consecrated 5 March 1693; translated to Cashel 26 June 1694
1694 1695 Tobias Pullein Nominated 29 September and consecrated November 1694; translated to Dromore 7 May 1695
1695 1697 St George Ashe Nominated 17 March and consecrated 18 July 1695; translated to Clogher 25 June 1697
1697 1702 John Pooley Nominated 1 June and consecrated 5 December 1697; translated to Raphoe 12 September 1702
1702 1726 Charles Crow Nominated 18 May and consecrated 18 October 1702; died 26 June 1726
1726 1732 Henry Maule Nominated 28 July and consecrated 11 September 1726; translated to Dromore 20 March 1732
1732 1734 Edward Synge Translated from Clonfert and Kilmacduagh; nominated 18 February and letters patent 22 March 1732; translated to Ferns and Leighlin 8 February 1734
1734 1753 George Berkeley Nominated 18 January and consecrated 19 May 1734; died 14 January 1753
1753 1759 James Stopford Nominated 19 January and consecrated 11 March 1753; died 24 August 1759
1759 1767 Robert Johnson Nominated 19 September and consecrated 21 October 1759; died 16 January 1767
1767 1768 Hon.Frederick Augustus Hervey Nominated 2 February and consecrated 31 May 1767; translated to Derry 18 February 1768
1768 1779 Charles Agar Nominated 12 February and consecrated 20 March 1768; translated to Cashel 6 August 1779
1780 George Chinnery Translated from Killaloe and Kilfenora; nominated 29 January and letters patent 15 February 1780; died 13 August 1780
1781 1794 Richard Woodward Nominated 17 January and consecrated 4 February 1781; died 12 May 1794
1794 1820 William Bennet Translated from Cork; nominated 20 May and letters patent 27 June 1794; died 16 July 1820
1820 1826 Charles Mongan Warburton Translated from Limerick, Ardfert and Aghadoe; nominated 26 August and letters patent 18 September 1820; died 9 August 1826
1826 1835 John Brinkley Nominated 13 September and consecrated 8 October 1826; died 14 September 1835
Since 1835, Cloyne has been part of the Church of Ireland bishopric of Cork, Cloyne and Ross.

Roman Catholic succession[edit]

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Cloyne remained united with Cork until 10 December 1747 when Pope Benedict XIV approved their separation. On the same day it was decreed that Cloyne to be united with Ross. Following a recommendation at the Synod of Thurles, Cloyne and Ross were separated on 24 November 1850.[1][5]

The most recent bishop of Cloyne was the Most Reverend John Magee, who stood aside from running the Diocese of Cloyne on 7 March 2010,[6] and formally resigned on 24 March 2010.[7]

List of Roman Catholic Bishops of Cloyne and Ross
From Until Incumbent Notes
1747 1769 John O'Brien Appointed 10 January 1747 and by papal brief 10 January 1748; died 13 March 1769
1769 1791 Matthew McKenna Appointed 7 August 1769; died 4 June 1791
1791 1830 William Coppinger Appointed coadjutor bishop 15 January 1788; succeeded 4 June 1791; died 1830
1830 1832 Michael Collins Appointed coadjutor bishop 7 April 1827; succeeded 1830; died 1832.
1833 1846 Bartholomew Crotty Appointed 22 March 1833; consecrated 11 June 1833; died 3 October 1846
1847 1849 David Walsh Appointed 6 February 1847; consecrated 2 May 1847; died 19 January 1849
1849 1850 Timothy Murphy Appointed 19 April 1849 and consecrated 16 September 1849; relinquished the title bishop of Ross in 1850, but continued as bishop of Cloyne
On 24 November 1850, the Roman Catholic see was separated into the bishoprics of Cloyne and Ross.
List of Roman Catholic Bishops of Cloyne
From Until Incumbent Notes
1850 1856 Timothy Murphy Hitherto bishop of Cloyne and Ross; died 4 December 1856
1857 1874 William Keane Translated from Ross; appointed 5 May 1857; died 15 January 1874
1874 1893 John MacCarthy Appointed 22 August and consecrated 28 October 1874; died 9 December 1893
1894 1935 Robert Browne Appointed 26 June and consecrated 19 August 1894; died 23 March 1935
1935 1956 James Roche Translated from Ross; appointed coadjutor bishop of Cloyne 26 June 1931; succeeded 23 March 1935; died 31 August 1956
1957 1987 John Ahern Appointed 30 March and consecrated 9 June 1957; retired 17 February 1987; died 25 September 1997
1987 2010 John Magee, S.P.S. Appointed 17 February and consecrated 17 March 1987; acted as Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Limerick from July 1994 to March 1996; stood aside from running the Diocese of Cloyne on 7 March 2010,[6] and formally resigned as Bishop of Cloyne on 24 March 2010.[7]
2012 present William Crean Dermot Clifford, Archbishop of Cashel & Emly was appointed the Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Cloyne on 7 March 2009, and remains as such until the next bishop of Cloyne will take possession of the diocese.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Our History". Diocese of Cloyne, Ireland. Retrieved 29 June 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (Third Edition ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 342. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  3. ^ a b Fryde, ibid., p. 345.
  4. ^ a b Fryde, ibid., pp. 384–385.
  5. ^ Fryde, ibid., p. 420-421.
  6. ^ a b Bishop steps down after accusations of child abuse inaction. The Observer, published on 8 March 2010.
  7. ^ a b Bishop John Magee, S.P.S. at Catholic-Hierarchy Retrieved on 11 August 2011.
  8. ^ Archbishop Dermot Clifford at Catholic-Hierarchy Retrieved on 11 August 2011.